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  1. Medical emergency motorcycles (MEM) can be used in time-critical conditions like cardiac arrest and multi-traumatized patients in an attempt to reduce the response time. Other potential benefits with MEM are m...

    Authors: Anders Rostrup Nakstad, Bjørn Bjelland and Mårten Sandberg
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:9
  2. Chest injuries were reported as early as 3000 BC in the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus. Ancient Greek chronicles reveal that they had anatomic knowledge of the thoracic structures. Even in the ancient world, mos...

    Authors: Patrizio Petrone and Juan A Asensio
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:8
  3. Three young men were trapped in a car at the bottom of a canal at two meters depth, after losing control of their vehicle. They were brought up by rescue divers and found in cardiac arrest. One of three patien...

    Authors: Hans Friberg and Malin Rundgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:7
  4. In three previous Norwegian studies conducted between 1974 and 1993, the annual incidence rates of hospital admitted head injuries were 236, 200 and 169 per 100,000 population. The aim of this study was to des...

    Authors: Ben Heskestad, Roald Baardsen, Eirik Helseth, Bertil Romner, Knut Waterloo and Tor Ingebrigtsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:6
  5. Use of inhaled nitric oxide in humans with traumatic brain injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome has twice previously been reported to be beneficial. Here we report a third case. We propose that INO m...

    Authors: Thomas J Papadimos, Azedine Medhkour and Sooraj Yermal
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:5
  6. Trauma is the most prevalent cause of death in the young. Insight into cause and time of fatal pediatric and adolescent trauma is important for planning trauma care and preventive measures. Our aim was to anal...

    Authors: Kjetil Søreide, Andreas J Krüger, Christian L Ellingsen and Kjell E Tjosevik
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:3
  7. Coagulation complications are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Although the lethal triad of hypothermia, acidosis and coagulopathy has been recognized for over a decade, ...

    Authors: Wenjun Zhou Martini
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:2
  8. Field triage is important for regional trauma systems providing high sensitivity to avoid that severely injured are deprived access to trauma team resuscitation (undertriage), yet high specificity to avoid res...

    Authors: Marius Rehn, Torsten Eken, Andreas Jorstad Krüger, Petter Andreas Steen, Nils Oddvar Skaga and Hans Morten Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009 17:1
  9. The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) Program was developed to teach doctors one safe, reliable method to assess and initially manage the trauma patient. The ATLS principles represents an organized approach ...

    Authors: Kjetil Søreide
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:19
  10. Immediate start of basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation have been highlighted as crucial for survival from cardiac arrest, but despite new knowledge, new technology and massive pe...

    Authors: Laila A Hopstock
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:18
  11. Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a key component in the care of critically ill and injured patients. Weaning from MV constitutes a major challenge in intensive care units (ICUs). Any delay in weaning may increas...

    Authors: Britt Sætre Hansen, Wenche Torunn Mathiesen Fjælberg, Odd Bjarte Nilsen, Hans Morten Lossius and Eldar Søreide
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:17
  12. Low energy trauma to the upper extremity is rarely associated with a significant vascular injury. Due to the low incidence, a high level of suspicion combined with appropriate diagnostic algorithms are mandato...

    Authors: Jonathan T Bravman, Kyros Ipaktchi, Walter L Biffl and Philip F Stahel
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:16
  13. Pre-notification of an arriving trauma patient, given by transporting emergency medical unit, is needed in terms of facilitating the admitting emergency department to get ready for the patient before the patie...

    Authors: Lauri E Handolin and Juhapetteri Jääskeläinen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:15
  14. Isolated non-skeletal injuries of the cervical spine are rare and frequently missed. Different evaluation algorithms for C-spine injuries, such as the Canadian C-spine Rule have been proposed, however with str...

    Authors: Timo M Ecker, Mark Kleinschmidt, Luca Martinolli, Heinz Zimmermann and Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:14
  15. Serum protein S-100B determinations have been widely proposed in the past as markers of traumatic brain injury and used as a predictor of injury severity and outcome. The purpose of this prospective observatio...

    Authors: Lorin M Benneker, Christoph Leitner, Luca Martinolli, Kretschmer Robert, Heinz Zimmermann and Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:13
  16. We present a patient with sudden onset progressive shortness of breath and no history of trauma, who rapidly became haemodynamically compromised with a pneumothorax and pleural effusion seen on chest radiograp...

    Authors: Benjamin Oliver Patterson, Sarah Itam and Fey Probst
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:12
  17. In the early minutes of cardiac arrest, timing of defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation during the basic life support phase (BLS CPR) is debated. Aims of this study were to provide in-hospital incid...

    Authors: Eirik Skogvoll and Trond Nordseth
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:11
  18. Numerous parameters and tests have been proposed for outcome prediction in comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors. We conducted a survey of clinical practice of prognostication after therapeutic hyp...

    Authors: Michael Busch and Eldar Søreide
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:9
  19. In 1999, an Utstein Template for Uniform Reporting of Data following Major Trauma was published. Few papers have since been published based on that template, reflecting a lack of international consensus on its...

    Authors: Kjetil G Ringdal, Timothy J Coats, Rolf Lefering, Stefano Di Bartolomeo, Petter Andreas Steen, Olav Røise, Lauri Handolin and Hans Morten Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:7
  20. The article presents a study of the interaction between paramedics and parents in cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). We have sought to understand how the parents perceived the paramedics ability to ...

    Authors: Halvor Nordby and Øyvind Nøhr
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:5
  21. Retroperitoneal packing in patients with severe haemorrhage is a cornerstone of modern pelvic fracture management. However, few Danish trauma surgeons have experience with this procedure, and trauma audits sho...

    Authors: Allan Bach, Jørgen Bendix, Keld Hougaard and Erika Frischknecht Christensen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:4
  22. Endotracheal intubation is an important part of pre-hospital advanced life support that requires training and experience, and should only be performed by specially trained personnel. In Norway, anaesthesiologi...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Jon Kenneth Heltne, Eldar Søreide and Hans Morten Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008 16:2

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