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  1. Acute abdominal pain can be a diagnostic challenge even for experienced surgeons. Delayed diagnosis can lead to higher morbidity, mortality and increased costs. While readmission rate has been used to evaluate...

    Authors: Leena Saaristo, Mika T. Ukkonen, Johanna M. Laukkarinen and Satu-Liisa K. Pauniaho

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:63

    Content type: Original research

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  2. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an increasingly used trauma resuscitation procedure, however, there are no reports of whether or not the survival of patients treated with R...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki, Toshikazu Abe, Shuichi Hagiwara, Daizoh Saitoh and Kiyohiro Oshima

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:62

    Content type: Original research

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  3. The human external cargo (HEC) operations conducted by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) rarely take place at night, making it difficult for crew members to attain and maintain the level of expertis...

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Volker Lischke, Stephen J. M. Sollid, Stephan Prückner, Lorenz Theiler, Robert Greif and Roland Albrecht

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:61

    Content type: Original research

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  4. Studies examining the factors linked to survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have either aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of OHCA in different parts of the world, or focused o...

    Authors: Nooraldeen Al-Dury, Annica Ravn-Fischer, Jacob Hollenberg, Johan Israelsson, Per Nordberg, Anneli Strömsöe, Christer Axelsson, Johan Herlitz and Araz Rawshani

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:60

    Content type: Original research

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  5. Despite sepsis being a time critical condition with a high mortality, it is often not identified in a timely fashion. The aim of the current study was to create a screening tool based on bedside measurable var...

    Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Jan Sjölin, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson and Lisa Kurland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:59

    Content type: Original research

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  6. Refractory cardiac arrest resistant to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (C-CPR) has a poor outcome. Although previous reports showed that extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) can impr...

    Authors: Fu-Yuan Siao, Chun-Wen Chiu, Chun-Chieh Chiu, Yu-Jun Chang, Ying-Chen Chen, Yao-Li Chen, Yung-Kun Hsieh, Chu-Chung Chou and Hsu-Hen Yen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:58

    Content type: Original research

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  7. Previous studies have provided initial data suggesting that small-bore (SB, ≤ 14Fr) chest tubes have the same efficacy as large-bore (LB, > 14 Fr) chest tubes for acute hemothorax (HTX), but data continue to b...

    Authors: A. Orlando, J. Cordero, M. M Carrick, A. H. Tanner II, K. Banton, R. Vogel, M. Lieser, D. Acuna and D. Bar-Or

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:56

    Content type: Original research

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  8. Over the last two decades, Emergency Department (ED) crowding has become an increasingly common occurrence worldwide. Crowding is a complex and challenging issue that affects EDs’ capacity to provide safe, tim...

    Authors: Elizabeth E. Austin, Brette Blakely, Catalin Tufanaru, Amanda Selwood, Jeffrey Braithwaite and Robyn Clay-Williams

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:55

    Content type: Review

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  9. The routine application of whole-body CT after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has not been extensively investigated. We aimed to evaluate the benef...

    Authors: Kelvin Jeason Yang, Chih-Hsien Wang, Yu-Cheng Huang, Li-Jung Tseng, Yih-Sharng Chen and Hsi-Yu Yu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:54

    Content type: Original research

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  10. Telephone triage manages patient flow in acute care, but a lack of visual cues and vague descriptions of symptoms challenges clinical decision making. We aim to investigate the association between the caller’s...

    Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Freddy Lippert, Fredrik Folke, Ingrid Egerod, Linda Huibers, Mikkel Brabrand, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup and Lau Caspar Thygesen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:53

    Content type: Original research

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  11. Decisions of withholding or withdrawing life sustaining-treatments in emergency department are part of current practice but the decision-making process remains poorly described in the literature.

    Authors: Marion Douplat, Laurie Fraticelli, Clement Claustre, Alexandra Peiretti, Patrice Serre, Magali Bischoff, Laurent Jacquin, Julie Freyssenge, Anne-Marie Schott, Karim Tazarourte, Soizic Frugier and Carlos E. L. Khoury

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:52

    Content type: Original research

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  12. Clinical research in severely ill or injured patients is required to improve healthcare but may be challenging to perform in practice. The aim of this study was to analyse barriers and challenges in the proces...

    Authors: Jørgen Dahlberg, Camilla Eriksen, Annette Robertsen and Sigrid Beitland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:51

    Content type: Original research

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  13. Mobile intensive care units frequently manage unplanned out-of-hospital births (UOHB). Rewarming methods during pre-hospital management of UOHB have not yet been compared. The aim was to compare rewarming meth...

    Authors: François Javaudin, Mélodie Roche, Lucile Trutt, Isabelle Bunker, Valérie Hamel, Sybille Goddet, François Templier, Christine Potiron, Quentin Le Bastard, Philippe Pes, Gilles Bagou, Jean-Louis Chabernaud, Emmanuel Montassier and Brice Leclère

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:50

    Content type: Original research

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  14. Early intervention for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) presents a challenge for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) across Europe. Strategies designed to address this include education and training initiati...

    Authors: Ronan McBride, Chantal F. Ski, David R. Thompson, Tom Quinn and Mark H. Wilson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:49

    Content type: Commentary

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  15. Stroke causes death, disability and increases the use of healthcare resources worldwide. The outcome of intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical endovascular thrombectomy highly depends on the delay from sympto...

    Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Tuuli Miettinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Jäkälä, Anne-Mari Kantanen, Pekka Mäntyselkä and Jouni Kurola

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:48

    Content type: Original research

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  16. Point-of-Care ultrasound (POCUS) changes the management in specific groups of patients in the Emergency Department (ED). It seems intuitive that POCUS holds an unexploited potential on a wide variety of patien...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Christian A. Frederiksen, Christian B. Laursen, Ole Graumann, Erik Sloth and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:47

    Content type: Original research

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  17. Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) play an important role in prehospital care of the critically ill. Differences in funding, crew composition, dispatch criteria and mission profile make comparison be...

    Authors: Anssi Saviluoto, Johannes Björkman, Anna Olkinuora, Ilkka Virkkunen, Hetti Kirves, Piritta Setälä, Ilkka Pulkkinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Lasse Raatiniemi, Helena Jäntti, Timo Iirola and Jouni Nurmi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:46

    Content type: Original research

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  18. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and Emergency Departments (ED) have seen increasing attendance rates in the last decades. Currently, EMS are increasingly assessing and treating patients without the need to co...

    Authors: Jani Paulin, Jouni Kurola, Sanna Salanterä, Hans Moen, Nischal Guragain, Mari Koivisto, Niina Käyhkö, Venla Aaltonen and Timo Iirola

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:45

    Content type: Original research

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  19. The use of machine learning techniques to predict diseases outcomes has grown significantly in the last decade. Several studies prove that the machine learning predictive techniques outperform the classical mu...

    Authors: Ahmad Abujaber, Adam Fadlalla, Diala Gammoh, Husham Abdelrahman, Monira Mollazehi and Ayman El-Menyar

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:44

    Content type: Original research

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  20. The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV2 emerged in December 2019 and is now pandemic. Initial analysis suggests that 5% of infected patients will require critical care, and that respiratory failure requiring intubatio...

    Authors: Per P. Bredmose, Monica Diczbalis, Emma Butterfield, Karel Habig, Andrew Pearce, Svein Are Osbakk, Ville Voipio, Marcus Rudolph, Alistair Maddock and John O’Neill

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:43

    Content type: Guideline

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  21. Major trauma often comprises fractures of the thoracolumbar spine and these are often accompanied by relevant thoracic trauma. Major complications can be ascribed to substantial simultaneous trauma to the ches...

    Authors: Sven Hager, Helge Eberbach, Rolf Lefering, Thorsten O. Hammer, David Kubosch, Christoph Jäger, Norbert P. Südkamp and Jörg Bayer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:42

    Content type: Original research

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  22. Therapeutic extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a challenging procedure in patients who have experienced severe trauma. Particularly, patients with traumatic lung injury and posttraumatic acute respi...

    Authors: Hong Kyu Lee, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sang Ook Ha, Sunghoon Park, Hee Sung Lee, Soo Kyung Lee and Sun Hee Lee

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:41

    Content type: Original research

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  23. The current COVID-19 pandemic highlights the challenges air ambulance services are facing when transporting highly infectious patients for several hours in enclosed spaces. This overview provides an example of...

    Authors: Roland Albrecht, Jürgen Knapp, Lorenz Theiler, Marcus Eder and Urs Pietsch

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:40

    Content type: Review

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  24. Identifying stroke and other intracranial lesions in patients with a decreased level of consciousness may be challenging in prehospital settings. Our objective was to investigate whether the combination of sys...

    Authors: Anssi Saviluoto, Heini Harve-Rytsälä, Mitja Lääperi, Hetti Kirves, Helena Jäntti and Jouni Nurmi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:39

    Content type: Original research

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  25. Missed fractures in the emergency department (ED) are common and may lead to patient morbidity.

    Authors: Laura Mattijssen-Horstink, Judith Joëlle Langeraar, Gert Jan Mauritz, William van der Stappen, Maarten Baggelaar and Edward Camillus Thwan Han Tan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:38

    Content type: Original research

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  26. The COVID-19 crisis is an unprecedented event. It is therefore essential for dispatch centres to share their experiences while the crisis is underway, similar to hospitals, so that we will all benefit from fee...

    Authors: Fabrice Dami and Vincent Berthoz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:37

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  27. Studies have shown disparate results on the consequences of morphine use in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). No study has evaluated alternative treatments that could be at least non-inferior...

    Authors: Sandrine Charpentier, Michel Galinski, Vincent Bounes, Agnès Ricard-Hibon, Carlos El-Khoury, Meyer Elbaz, François-Xavier Ageron, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Louis Soulat, Frédéric Lapostolle, Alexandre Gérard, Delphine Bregeaud, Vanina Bongard and Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:36

    Content type: Original research

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  28. Prompt prehospital triage and transportation are essential in an organised trauma system. The benefits of helicopter transportation on mortality in a physician-staffed pre-hospital trauma system remains unknow...

    Authors: Francois-Xavier Ageron, Guillaume Debaty, Dominique Savary, Frederic Champly, Francois Albasini, Pascal Usseglio, Cécile Vallot, Samuel Galvagno and Pierre Bouzat

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:35

    Content type: Original research

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  29. Early identification of life-threatening injuries is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Failure to detect severe injury may cause delayed diagnosis and therapeutic interventions an...

    Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Mathias Cuevas-Østrem, Cathrine Gram-Knutsen and Oddvar Uleberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:34

    Content type: Commentary

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  30. Some guidelines advocate for managing patients with penetrating thoracic wounds in trauma centres with cardiothoracic surgery. This systematic approach is questionable. Only 15% of these patients require surge...

    Authors: Pascal Augustin, Elise Guivarch, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Sandrine Boudinet, Sebastien Tanaka, Philippe Montravers and Alexy Tran-Dinh

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:33

    Content type: Original research

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  31. Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:32

    Content type: Editorial

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:28

  32. Pre-hospital enhanced care teams like Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are often dispatched to major trauma patients, including patients with traumatic brain injuries and those with major haemorrha...

    Authors: L. Curtis, E. ter Avest, J. Griggs, J. Wiliams and R. M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:31

    Content type: Original research

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  33. Severe accidental hypothermia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides an efficient rewarming method with complete cardiopulmonary s...

    Authors: Aurélien Ledoux and Piehr Saint Leger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:30

    Content type: Case report

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  34. While survival rates after a trauma are increasing a considerable part of the trauma population are still at risk for both short and long term disabilities. Little is known about prognostic factors over time a...

    Authors: Roos Johanna Maria Havermans, Mariska Adriana Cornelia de Jongh, Leonie de Munter and Koen Willem Wouter Lansink

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:29

    Content type: Original research

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  35. Patients served by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) tend to be acutely injured or unwell and in need of stabilisation followed by rapid and safe transport. It is therefore hypothesised that a parti...

    Authors: Siobhán Masterson, Conor Deasy, Mark Doyle, David Hennelly, Shane Knox and Jan Sorensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:28

    Content type: Review

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:32

  36. Treatment of arrhythmias evoked by accidental or therapeutic hypothermia and rewarming remains challenging. We aim to find an ECG-biomarker that can predict ventricular arrhythmias at temperatures occurring in...

    Authors: Erik Sveberg Dietrichs, Torkjel Tveita, Rachel Myles and Godfrey Smith

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:27

    Content type: Commentary

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  37. Early warning scores (EWS) are widely used in emergency departments and on general wards to detect critical illness and deterioration. TOKS (“Tidlig Opsporing af Kritisk Sygdom”) is an early warning score used...

    Authors: Maj Juhl Skov, Jacob Dynesen, Marie K. Jessen, Janet Yde Liesanth, Julie Mackenhauer and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:26

    Content type: Original research

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  38. Physician-staffed emergency medical services (p-EMS) are resource demanding, and research is needed to evaluate any potential effects of p-EMS. Templates, designed through expert agreement, are valuable and fe...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Andreas Jørstad Krüger, Kjetil Gorseth Ringdal and Marius Rehn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:25

    Content type: Original research

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  39. Acute dyspnoea is common among ambulance patients, but little is known of the patients’ experience of symptom. We aimed to investigate ambulance patients initial perceived intensity of acute dyspnoea, and whet...

    Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Kenneth Lübcke, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Søren Mikkelsen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:24

    Content type: Original research

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  40. Following the publication of the original article [1], the authors unfortunately became aware of some typesetting and resolution problems in Figs. 1 and 2.

    Authors: Dong Keon Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Giwoon Kim, Choung Ah. Lee, Hyung Jun Moon, Jaehoon Oh, Hae Chul Yang, Han Joo Choi, Young Taeck Oh and Seung Min Park

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:23

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:109

  41. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with high rates of long-term disability and mortality. Our aim was to investigate the effects of thoracic trauma on the in-hospital course and outcome of patients wit...

    Authors: Mark Schieren, Frank Wappler, Arasch Wafaisade, Rolf Lefering, Samir G. Sakka, Jost Kaufmann, Hi-Jae Heiroth, Jerome Defosse and Andreas B. Böhmer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:21

    Content type: Original research

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  42. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and reduced quality of life. Most trauma-related research originates from trauma centres, and there are limited available data regarding the treatment of trauma patients th...

    Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Valdemar Vea Iversen, Ingrid Schrøder Hansen, Eirik Reierth and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:20

    Content type: Review

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  43. High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a key factor in survival with good overall quality of life after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Current evidence is predominantly based on studies conducted at lo...

    Authors: Alexander Egger, Maximilian Niederer, Katharina Tscherny, Josef Burger, Verena Fuhrmann, Calvin Kienbacher, Dominik Roth, Wolfgang Schreiber and Harald Herkner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:19

    Content type: Original research

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  44. Many countries have centralized and dedicated trauma centres with high volumes of trauma patients. However, the volume-outcome relationship in severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15) remai...

    Authors: Charlie A. Sewalt, Eveline J. A. Wiegers, Fiona E. Lecky, Dennis den Hartog, Stephanie C. E. Schuit, Esmee Venema and Hester F. Lingsma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:18

    Content type: Original research

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  45. In emergency medical services (EMSs), accurately predicting the severity of a patient’s medical condition is important for the early identification of those who are vulnerable and at high-risk. In this study, ...

    Authors: Da-Young Kang, Kyung-Jae Cho, Oyeon Kwon, Joon-myoung Kwon, Ki-Hyun Jeon, Hyunho Park, Yeha Lee, Jinsik Park and Byung-Hee Oh

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:17

    Content type: Original research

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  46. If transport under ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from an upper floor is indicated, the ideal CPR-method and evacuation route is unknown hitherto. We aimed to elaborate a strategy for evacuation o...

    Authors: Hendrik Drinhaus, Sebastian Nüsgen, Niels Adams, Wolfgang A. Wetsch and Thorsten Annecke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:16

    Content type: Original research

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  47. To determine the prevalence and characteristics of prechiasmatic visual system injuries (VSI) among seriously injured patients with concomitant head trauma in Europe by means of a multinational...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jan Regelsberger, Manfred Westphal, Jakob Nüchtern and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:15

    Content type: Original research

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