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  1. Content type: Original research

    Monitoring cardiac output (CO) in shocked patients provides key etiological information and can be used to guide fluid resuscitation to improve patient outcomes. Previously this relied on invasive monitoring, ...

    Authors: Benjamin Mothibe Bussmann, William Hulme, Andrew Tang and Tim Harris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:104

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  2. Content type: Original research

    Severe intoxication with carbon monoxide (CO) is extremely lethal and causes numerous deaths due to cardiac or respiratory failure. Conventional intensive treatment may not be sufficient. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Carsten Simonsen, Sigridur O. Magnusdottir, Jan J. Andreasen, Marianne Cathrine Rohde and Benedict Kjærgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:103

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Head injury and exsanguination are the leading causes of death in trauma patients. Hemorrhagic shock triggers systemic endothelial glycocalyx breakdown, potentially leading to traumatic endotheliopathy (EoT). ...

    Authors: Erika Gonzalez Rodriguez, Jessica C. Cardenas, Charles S. Cox, Ryan S. Kitagawa, Jakob Stensballe, John B. Holcomb, Pär I. Johansson and Charles E. Wade

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:102

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Major haemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality following major trauma. Increasingly, Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) in the United Kingdom provide pre-hospital transfusion with blood products, ...

    Authors: J. E. Griggs, J. Jeyanathan, M. Joy, M. Q. Russell, N. Durge, D. Bootland, S. Dunn, E. D. Sausmarez, G. Wareham, A. Weaver and R. M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:100

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  5. Content type: Editorial

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:101

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:57

  6. Content type: Original research

    Patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) as initial cardiac rhythm are not always treated in intensive care units (ICUs): some are admitted to h...

    Authors: Sini SAARINEN, Ari SALO, James BOYD, Päivi LAUKKANEN-NEVALA, Catharina SILFVAST, Ilkka VIRKKUNEN and Tom SILFVAST

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:98

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  7. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:99

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:60

  8. Content type: Original research

    This study was performed to gain insights into novel therapeutic approaches for acute systemic inflammation in heatstroke. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) secrete anti-inflammatory proteins and ...

    Authors: Yutaka Umemura, Hiroshi Ogura, Hiroshi Matsuura, Takeshi Ebihara, Kentaro Shimizu and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:97

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Training lay rescuers in Basic Life Support (BLS) is essential to improve bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates; in addition, simple methods are needed to provide feedback on CPR performance. Thi...

    Authors: Johanna van Dawen, Lina Vogt, Hanna Schröder, Rolf Rossaint, Lina Henze, Stefan K. Beckers and Saša Sopka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:96

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  10. Content type: Original research

    Measures to improve the accuracy of determining survival and intensive care unit (ICU) admission using the International Classification of Injury Severity Score (ICISS) are not often conducted on a population-...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Mitchell, Hsuen P. Ting, Tim Driscoll and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:95

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  11. Content type: Review

    It is a challenge to dispatch Emergency medical Services (EMS) appropriately with limited resources and maintaining patient safety; this requires accurate dispatching systems. The objective of the current syst...

    Authors: K. Bohm and L. Kurland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:94

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  12. Content type: Original research

    In the initial hours after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), it remains difficult to estimate whether the degree of post-ischemic brain damage will be compatible with long-term good neurological outcome. ...

    Authors: Ward Eertmans, Thao Mai Phuong Tran, Cornelia Genbrugge, Laurens Peene, Dieter Mesotten, Jo Dens, Frank Jans and Cathy De Deyne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:93

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Working in the emergency medical service (EMS) can be extremely varying and sometimes physically and psychologically demanding. Being new in this context can be a great challenge. This study aim to describe wh...

    Authors: Anna Hörberg, Susanne Kalén, Maria Jirwe, Max Scheja and Veronica Lindström

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:92

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  14. Content type: Review

    Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury to the carotid and/or vertebral artery that may cause stroke in trauma patients. Historically BCVI has been considered rare but more recent publi...

    Authors: Tor Brommeland, Eirik Helseth, Mads Aarhus, Kent Gøran Moen, Stig Dyrskog, Bo Bergholt, Zandra Olivecrona and Elisabeth Jeppesen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:90

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Not all patients where an ambulance is dispatched are conveyed to an emergency department. Although non-conveyance is a substantial part of ambulance care, there is limited insight in the non-conveyance patien...

    Authors: Lilian C. M. Vloet, Arjan de Kreek, Emmelieke M. C. van der Linden, Jori J. A. van Spijk, Vince A. H. Theunissen, Maud van Wanrooij, Pierre M. van Grunsven and Remco H. A. Ebben

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:91

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  16. Content type: Review

    The conduct and benefit of pre-hospital advanced airway management and pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia have been widely debated for many years. In 2011, prehospital advanced airway management was identified...

    Authors: K. Crewdson, M. Rehn and D. Lockey

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:89

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  17. Content type: Original research

    The assessment of children in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) is infrequent representing 5.4% of the patients in an urban area in the western part of Sweden. In Sweden, patients are assessed on scene by an...

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Johan Herlitz, Thomas Karlsson and Christer Axelsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:88

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  18. Content type: Original research

    Until now there has been a reported lack of systematic reports and scientific evaluations of rescue missions during terror attacks. This however is urgently required in order to improve the performance of emer...

    Authors: T Wurmb, N Schorscher, P Justice, S Dietz, R Schua, T Jarausch, U Kinstle, J Greiner, G Möldner, J Müller, M Kraus, S Simon, U Wagenhäuser, J Hemm, N Roewer and M Helm

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:87

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  19. Content type: Review

    For many years, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) has been considered as a favorable factor to improve survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). To examine the effect of BCPR on the sur...

    Authors: Jianting Song, Wenxiu Guo, Xiaoguang Lu, Xin Kang, Yi Song and Dianbo Gong

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:86

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Awareness during Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) also called CPR induced consciousness (CPRIC) is a rare, but increasingly reported condition with significant clinical implications. Health professionals l...

    Authors: Rune Sarauw Lundsgaard and Kristine Sarauw Lundsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:85

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are a scarce resource that can provide advanced emergency medical care to unwell or injured patients. Accurate tasking of HEMS is required to incidents where advanc...

    Authors: Scott Munro, Mark Joy, Richard de Coverly, Mark Salmon, Julia Williams and Richard M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:84

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  22. Content type: Original research

    We examined the effect of advanced preparation and organisation of equipment and drugs for Pre-hospital Emergency Anaesthesia (PHEA) and tracheal intubation on procedural time, error rates, and cognitive load.

    Authors: Paul Swinton, Alasdair R. Corfield, Chris Moultrie, David Percival, Jeffrey Proctor, Neil Sinclair and Zane B. Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:82

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  23. Content type: Original research

    The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is preparing a new set of regulations that will cover working and resting periods for crew members engaged in emergency medical services with helicopters (HEMS) and a...

    Authors: Eirik Bjorheim Abrahamsen, Jon Tømmerås Selvik, Anders Nordgaard Dahle, Frank Asche and Håkon Bjorheim Abrahamsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:83

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a potential threat for patient safety. We searched for independent determinants of prolonged ED length of stay (LOS) with the aim to identify factors which can be targ...

    Authors: Daniël van der Veen, Claudia Remeijer, Anne J. Fogteloo, Christian Heringhaus and Bas de Groot

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:81

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  25. Content type: Commentary

    The hybrid emergency room (hybrid ER) system was first established in 2011 in Japan. It is defined as an integrated system including an ER, emergency computed tomography (CT) and interventional radiology (IVR)...

    Authors: Hiroaki Watanabe, Yoshihide Shimojo, Eiji Hira, Shunsuke Kuramoto, Tomohiro Muronoi, Kazuyuki Oka and Akihiko Kidani

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:80

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  26. Content type: Original research

    After on-scene examination and /or treatment, emergency medical services (EMS) nurses must decide whether the patient requires further assessment or treatment, most frequently in a hospital. The primary object...

    Authors: Wim Breeman, Nathan A. Poublon, Michael H. J. Verhofstad and Esther M. M. Van Lieshout

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:79

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  27. Content type: Review

    Brain injury can occur after cardiac arrest due to the effects of ischaemia and reperfusion. In serious cases this can lead to permanent disability. This risk must be considered when making decisions about ter...

    Authors: Clare Welbourn and Nikolaos Efstathiou

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:77

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) as an adjunct lesion in patients with upper extremity trauma has not been investigated in a Central European setting so far, despite of its devastating long-term consequences. Thi...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jakob Nüchtern, Jan Regelsberger and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:76

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  29. Content type: Original research

    Peripheral measurement of venous oxygen saturation and lactate is a less invasive alternative to monitor tissue oxygenation as compared to measurements from a central venous catheter. However, there is a lack ...

    Authors: Raphaelle Avigael Chemtob and Hasse Møller-Sørensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:75

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Lightning strikes are rare but potentially lethal. The risk for suffering a lightning strike in a mountain environment is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to analyse all lightning accidents in the...

    Authors: Mathias Ströhle, Bernd Wallner, Michael Lanthaler, Simon Rauch, Hermann Brugger and Peter Paal

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:74

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  31. Content type: Original research

    A thorough handover in the emergency department (ED) is of great importance for improving the quality and safety in the chain of care. The satisfaction of handover may reflect the quality of handover. Research...

    Authors: Gijs Thomas Hovenkamp, Tycho Joan Olgers, Remco Robert Wortel, Milou Esmée Noltes, Bert Dercksen and Jan Cornelis ter Maaten

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:78

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Standardised courses for laypeople in Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) and Foreign Body Airway Obstruction Management (FBAOM) teach essential skills for the initiation of resuscitation by bystanders. Perfo...

    Authors: Asbjørn Hasselager, Doris Østergaard, Tim Kristensen, Claus Sønderskov, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Torsten L. B. Lauritsen, Lars Konge and Martin G. Tolsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:73

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Despite extensive research on the “weekend effect” i.e., the increased mortality associated with hospital admission during weekend, knowledge about disease severity in previous studies is limited. The aim of t...

    Authors: Iben Duvald, Anders Moellekaer, Mathias A. Boysen and Betina Vest-Hansen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:72

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital acute care and treatment have become more complex, and while invasive procedures are standard procedures, focus on infection control and prevention is scarce. We aimed to evaluate guideline adheren...

    Authors: Heidi Storm Vikke, Matthias Giebner and Hans Jørn Kolmos

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:71

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Mechanical chest compression devices consistently deliver high-quality chest compressions. Small very low-quality studies suggest mechanical devices may be effective as an alternative to manual chest compressi...

    Authors: Keith Couper, Tom Quinn, Ranjit Lall, Anne Devrell, Barry Orriss, Kate Seers, Joyce Yeung and Gavin D. Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:70

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Risk stratification of patients in the emergency department can be strengthened using prognostic biomarkers, but the impact on patient prognosis is unknown. The aim of the TRIAGE III trial was to investigate w...

    Authors: Martin Schultz, Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Malene H. Andersen, Jakob S. Stefansson, Alexander C. Falkentoft, Morten Alstrup, Andreas Sandø, Sarah L. K. Holle, Jeppe Meyer, Peter B. S. Törnkvist, Thomas Høi-Hansen, Erik Kjøller, Birgitte Nybo Jensen, Morten Lind, Lisbet Ravn, Thomas Kallemose…

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:69

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Hypoxia and hypotension may be associated with secondary brain injury and negative outcomes in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic intracranial pathology. Guidelines exist only for the prehospital manage...

    Authors: Joachim Juelsgaard, Leif Rognås, Lars Knudsen, Troels Martin Hansen and Mads Rasmussen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:68

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  38. Content type: Review

    Major Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Blunt Thoracic Injury (BTI) accounts for > 15% of United Kingdom (UK) trauma admissions and is consistently associated with respirator...

    Authors: Edward Baker, Andreas Xyrichis, Christine Norton, Philip Hopkins and Geraldine Lee

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:67

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  39. Content type: Original research

    External factors following trauma and iatrogenic intervention influence blood coagulation and particularly clot formation. In particular, three external factors (in detail dilution via uncritical volume replac...

    Authors: Michael Caspers, Nadine Schäfer, Matthias Fröhlich, Ursula Bauerfeind, Bertil Bouillon, Manuel Mutschler and Marc Maegele

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:66

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  40. Content type: Guideline

    Helicopter EMS (HEMS) teams may perform a variety of clinical, managerial and transport functions during major incident management. Despite national and international variations in HEMS systems, the rapid deli...

    Authors: Julian Thompson, Marius Rehn and Stephen J. M. Sollid

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:65

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Studies show increased mortality among severely injured patients not met by trauma team. Proper triage is important to ensure that all severely injured patients receive vital trauma care. In 2017 a new nationa...

    Authors: Terje Nordgarden, Peter Odland, Anne Berit Guttormsen and Kristina Stølen Ugelvik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:64

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Sensitive decision making tools should assist prehospital personnel in the triage of injured patients, identifying those who require immediate lifesaving interventions and safely reducing unnecessary under- an...

    Authors: Ole-Petter Vinjevoll, Oddvar Uleberg and Elaine Cole

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:63

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Open tibial fractures are serious, complicated injuries. Previous studies suggested an increased risk of death, however, this has not been studied in large population-based settings. We aimed to analyze mortal...

    Authors: Ulrika Tampe, Lukas W. Widmer, Rüdiger J. Weiss and Karl-Åke Jansson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:62

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  44. Content type: Original research

    Streptococcus pyogenes is a Gram positive bacterial species commonly involved in sepsis. Invasive strains express virulence factors such as the M1 protein. M1 protein forms complexes with fibrinogen leading to a ...

    Authors: Viveka Björck, Lisa I. Påhlman, Johan Törnebrant and Mikael Bodelsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:61

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  45. Content type: Original research

    Up to 20% of patients admitted to an emergency department present with non-specific complaints. Retrospective studies suggest an increased risk of misdiagnosis and hospital admission for these patients, but pr...

    Authors: Thomas C. Sauter, Giuliana Capaldo, Michele Hoffmann, Tanja Birrenbach, Stefanie C. Hautz, Juliana E. Kämmer, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Wolf E. Hautz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:60

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    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:99

  46. Content type: Original research

    Deranged glucose metabolism is frequently observed in trauma patients after moderate to severe traumatic injury, but little data is available about pre-hospital blood glucose and its association with various c...

    Authors: Janett Kreutziger, Stefan Schmid, Nikolaus Umlauf, Hanno Ulmer, Maarten W. Nijsten, Daniel Werner, Thomas Schlechtriemen and Wolfgang Lederer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:58

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  47. Content type: Original research

    More than one in five patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with (suspected) infection or sepsis deteriorate within 72 h from admission. Surprisingly little is known about vital signs in relatio...

    Authors: Vincent M. Quinten, Matijs van Meurs, Tycho J. Olgers, Judith M. Vonk, Jack J. M. Ligtenberg and Jan C. ter Maaten

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:57

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  48. Content type: Original research

    Outcome prediction is crucial for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. Several attempts have been made to use the bispectral index (BIS) for this purpose. We aimed to investigate the prognostic pow...

    Authors: Jeong Ho Park, Jae Hun Oh, Seung Pill Choi and Jung Hee Wee

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:59

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  49. Content type: Original research

    Recently, the concept of sepsis was redefined by an international task force. This international task force of experts recommended using the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) criteria instead o...

    Authors: Jianjun Jiang, Jin Yang, Jing Mei, Yongmei Jin and Youjin Lu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:56

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  50. Content type: Original research

    The relationship between fibrinogen concentration and traumatic death has been poorly explored after severe trauma. Existing studies analysed this relationship in unselected trauma population, often considerin...

    Authors: Pierre Bouzat, François-Xavier Ageron, Jonathan Charbit, Xavier Bobbia, Pauline Deras, Jennifer Bas Dit Nugues, Etienne Escudier, Guillaume Marcotte, Marc Leone and Jean-Stéphane David

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:55

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