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  1. Original research

    High-performing trauma teams: frequency of behavioral markers of a shared mental model displayed by team leaders and quality of medical performance

    High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral marke...

    Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg and Guttorm Brattebø

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:109

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  2. Original research

    Low sensitivity of qSOFA, SIRS criteria and sepsis definition to identify infected patients at risk of complication in the prehospital setting and at the emergency department triage

    Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a host response to infection. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) score has been recently proposed as a new bedside clinical score to identify patients with...

    Selin Tusgul, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Thierry Calandra and Fabrice Dami

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:108

    Published on: 3 November 2017

  3. Original research

    Epidemiological comparison between the Navarra Major Trauma Registry and the German Trauma Registry (TR-DGU®)

    International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high p...

    B. Ali Ali, R. Lefering, M. Fortun Moral and T. Belzunegui Otano

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:107

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  4. Original research

    Prehospital prognosis is difficult in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often require prehospital emergency treatment. This enables patients who are less ill to be treated on-site and to avoid hospital admis...

    Katrine P. Lindvig, Anne C. Brøchner, Annmarie T. Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:106

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  5. Original research

    Use of intrathoracic pressure regulation therapy in breathing patients for the treatment of hypotension secondary to trauma

    Intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy has been shown to increase blood pressure in hypotensive patients. The potential value of this therapy in patients with hypotension secondary to trauma with blee...

    Victor A. Convertino, Brent A. Parquette, David A. Wampler, Craig A. Manifold, David A. Lindstrom, Lori L. Boland, Nathan T. Burkhart, Keith G. Lurie and Charles J. Lick

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:105

    Published on: 30 October 2017

  6. Original research

    EMT-led laryngeal tube vs. face-mask ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation - a multicenter prospective randomized trial

    Laryngeal tube (LT) application by rescue personnel as an alternate airway during the early stages of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still subject of debate. We evaluated ease of handling and efficac...

    Anna Fiala, Wolfgang Lederer, Agnes Neumayr, Tamara Egger, Sabrina Neururer, Ernst Toferer, Michael Baubin and Peter Paal

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:104

    Published on: 26 October 2017

  7. Original research

    Common intensive care scoring systems do not outperform age and glasgow coma scale score in predicting mid-term mortality in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage treated in the intensive care unit

    Intensive care scoring systems are widely used in intensive care units (ICU) around the world for case-mix adjustment in research and benchmarking. The aim of our study was to investigate the usefulness of com...

    Marika Fallenius, Markus B. Skrifvars, Matti Reinikainen, Stepani Bendel and Rahul Raj

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:102

    Published on: 25 October 2017

  8. Original research

    Specialist advice may improve patient selection for decompression therapy following diving accidents: a retrospective observational study

    Even in a landlocked country like Switzerland recreational diving is becoming more and more popular. Smaller lakes in the Alps are located at an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. The incidence of diving acci...

    Daniel Steffensmeier, Roland Albrecht, Jürg Wendling, Roger Melliger, Donat R. Spahn, Philipp Stein and Christophe Wyss

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:101

    Published on: 19 October 2017

  9. Original research

    Post-trauma morbidity, measured as sick leave, is substantial and influenced by factors unrelated to injury: a retrospective matched observational cohort study

    Mortality as an endpoint has been the focus of trauma research whereas few studies investigate long-term outcomes in terms of morbidity. An adequate analysis of post-injury morbidity includes several dimension...

    Erik von Oelreich, Mikael Eriksson, Olof Brattström, Andrea Discacciati, Lovisa Strömmer, Anders Oldner and Emma Larsson

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:100

    Published on: 13 October 2017

  10. Original research

    The impact of early thromboelastography directed therapy in trauma resuscitation

    Conventional coagulation tests do not provide an accurate representation of the complex nature of trauma induced coagulopathy. Thrombelastography provides a prompt global overview of all dynamic sequential asp...

    Mohamed Mohamed, Karl Majeske, Gul R. Sachwani, Kristin Kennedy, Mina Salib and Michael McCann

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:99

    Published on: 5 October 2017

  11. Original research

    Intoxication with GHB/GBL: characteristics and trends from ambulance-attended overdoses

    Overdoses from so-called “club drugs” (GHB/GBL) have become a more frequent cause of overdoses attended by ambulance services. Given its availability, affordability, and lack of awareness of risks, there is a ...

    Desiree Madah-Amiri, Lars Myrmel and Guttorm Brattebø

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:98

    Published on: 22 September 2017

  12. Original research

    Factors influencing on-scene time in a rural Norwegian helicopter emergency medical service: a retrospective observational study

    Critically ill patients need to be immediately identified, properly managed, and rapidly transported to definitive care. Extensive prehospital times may increase mortality in selected patient groups. The on-sc...

    Øyvind Østerås, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Bjørn-Christian Vikenes, Jörg Assmus and Guttorm Brattebø

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:97

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  13. Original research

    Barriers and facilitators towards implementing the Sepsis Six care bundle (BLISS-1): a mixed methods investigation using the theoretical domains framework

    The ‘Sepsis 6’, a care bundle of basic, but vital, measures (e.g. intravenous fluid, antibiotics) has been implemented to improve sepsis treatment. However, uptake has been variable. Tools from behavioral scie...

    Neil Roberts, Guy Hooper, Fabiana Lorencatto, Wendell Storr and Michael Spivey

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:96

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  14. Original research

    Neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective study

    We investigated the relationship between neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest (CA) to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (CA-to-ECMO) in patients with out-of-hospita...

    Takahiro Yukawa, Masahiro Kashiura, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Takahiro Tanabe and Yuichi Hamabe

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:95

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  15. Original research

    Physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service has a beneficial impact on the incidence of prehospital hypoxia and secured airways on patients with severe traumatic brain injury

    After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hypotension, hypoxia and hypercapnia have been shown to result in secondary brain injury that can lead to increased mortality and disability. Effective prehospital assessmen...

    Toni Pakkanen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Jouni Nurmi, Ilkka Virkkunen and Arvi Yli-Hankala

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:94

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  16. Original research

    The effect of a national web course “Help-Brain-Heart” as a supplemental learning tool before CPR training: a cluster randomised trial

    The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of str...

    Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg and Lennart Nilsson

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:93

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  17. Original research

    The most commonly used disease severity scores are inappropriate for risk stratification of older emergency department sepsis patients: an observational multi-centre study

    Sepsis recognition in older emergency department (ED) patients is difficult due to atypical symptom presentation. We therefore investigated whether the prognostic and discriminative performance of the five mos...

    Bas de Groot, Frank Stolwijk, Mats Warmerdam, Jacinta A. Lucke, Gurpreet K. Singh, Mo Abbas, Simon P. Mooijaart, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas and Douwe Rijpsma

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:91

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  18. Original research

    Intraosseous blood samples for point-of-care analysis: agreement between intraosseous and arterial analyses

    Point-of-care (POC) testing is highly useful when treating critically ill patients. In case of difficult vascular access, the intraosseous (IO) route is commonly used, and blood is aspirated to confirm the cor...

    Milla Jousi, Simo Saikko and Jouni Nurmi

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:92

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  19. Original research

    We need support! A Delphi study about desirable support during the first year in the emergency medical service

    New and inexperienced emergency medical service (EMS) professionals lack important experience. To prevent medical errors and improve retention there is an urgent need to identify ways to support new profession...

    Anna Hörberg, Maria Jirwe, Susanne Kalén, Veronica Vicente and Veronica Lindström

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:89

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  20. Original research

    Psychosocial risk and protective factors for the health and well-being of professionals working in emergency and non-emergency medical transport services, identified via questionnaires

    Medical transport (MT) professionals are subject to considerable emotional demands due to their involvement in life-or-death situations and their exposure to the serious health problems of their clients. An in...

    P. Navarro Moya, M. González Carrasco and E. Villar Hoz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:88

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  21. Original research

    Does the applied polytrauma definition notably influence outcome and patient population? – a retrospective analysis

    Although the term “polytrauma” has been in use for decades, no generally accepted definition exists. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that different polytrauma definitions applied to a specific patient...

    Stephan Frenzel, Philipp Krenn, Thomas Heinz and Lukas Leopold Negrin

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:87

    Published on: 31 August 2017

  22. Original research

    Daily volume of cases in emergency call centers: construction and validation of a predictive model

    Variations in the activity of emergency dispatch centers are an obstacle to the rationalization of resource allocation. Many explanatory factors are well known, available in advance and could predict the volum...

    Damien Viglino, Aurelien Vesin, Stephane Ruckly, Xavier Morelli, Rémi Slama, Guillaume Debaty, Vincent Danel, Maxime Maignan and Jean-François Timsit

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:86

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  23. Original research

    Early post-traumatic seizures are associated with valproic acid plasma concentrations and UGT1A6/CYP2C9 genetic polymorphisms in patients with severe traumatic brain injury

    Seizure is a common complication for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Valproic acid (VPA) is a first-line antiepileptic drug, though its metabolism is affected by genetic polymorphisms and varies between i...

    Yirui Sun, Jian Yu, Qiang Yuan, Xing Wu, Xuehai Wu and Jin Hu

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:85

    Published on: 25 August 2017

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