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  1. Blood alcohol level (BAL) has previously been considered as a factor influencing the outcome of injured patients. Despite the well-known positive correlation between alcohol-influenced traffic participation an...

    Authors: Thomas Brockamp, Andreas Böhmer, Rolf Lefering, Bertil Bouillon, Arasch Wafaisade, Manuel Mutschler, Paola Kappel and Matthias Fröhlich

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:101

    Content type: Original research

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  2. Despite a widely acknowledged increase in older people presenting with traumatic injury in western populations there remains a lack of research into the optimal prehospital management of this vulnerable patien...

    Authors: Michael Eichinger, Henry Douglas Pow Robb, Cosmo Scurr, Harriet Tucker, Stefan Heschl and George Peck

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:100

    Content type: Review

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  3. In chemical incidents, infrequent but potentially disastrous, the World Health Organization calls for inter-organizational coordination of actors involved. Multi-organizational studies of chemical response cap...

    Authors: Anton Westman, Britt-Inger Saveman, Ulf Björnstig, Johan Hylander and Lina Gyllencreutz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:99

    Content type: Original research

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  4. Self-Inflating Resuscitation Bags (SIRB) are common and essential tools in airway management and ventilation. They are often used in resuscitation and emergency anaesthesia outside the operating theatre. There...

    Authors: Sven Grauman, Joakim Johansson and Thomas Drevhammar

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:98

    Content type: Original research

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  5. In acute ischemic stroke, conjugated eye deviation (CED) is an evident sign of cortical ischemia and large vessel occlusion (LVO). We aimed to determine if an emergency dispatcher can recognise LVO stroke duri...

    Authors: Pauli E. T. Vuorinen, Jyrki P. J. Ollikainen, Pasi A. Ketola, Riikka-Liisa K. Vuorinen, Piritta A. Setälä and Sanna E. Hoppu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:97

    Content type: Original research

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  6. As any traumatic event, avalanches could trigger psychological disorders on survivors. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among avalanche survivors and to evaluat...

    Authors: Charlotte Léonard, Anaëlle Charriau-Perret, Guillaume Debaty, Loïc Belle, Cécile Ricard, Caroline Sanchez, Pierre-Marie Dupré, Gregory Panoff, Thierry Bougerol, Damien Viglino and Marc Blancher

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:96

    Content type: Original research

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  7. There is a lack of knowledge how patients with COVID-19 disease differ from patients with similar signs or symptoms (but who will have a diagnosis other than COVID-19) in the prehospital setting. The aim of th...

    Authors: Markku Kuisma, Heini Harve-Rytsälä, Jussi Pirneskoski, James Boyd, Mitja Lääperi, Ari Salo and Tuukka Puolakka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:95

    Content type: Original research

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  8. Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are associated with high risk of morbidity and mortality. Early outcome prediction in patients with TBI require reliable data input and stable prognostic models. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Djino Khaki, Virpi Hietanen, Alba Corell, Helena Odenstedt Hergès and Johan Ljungqvist

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:94

    Content type: Original research

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  9. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is the first-line nonsurgical treatment for severe blunt liver injury in patients, whereas operative management (OM) is recommended for hemodynamically unstable patien...

    Authors: Satoshi Tamura, Takaaki Maruhashi, Fumie Kashimi, Yutaro Kurihara, Tomonari Masuda, Tasuku Hanajima, Yuichi Kataoka and Yasushi Asari

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:66

    Content type: Original research

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:93

  10. We aimed to investigate the medical characteristics of helicopter hoist operations (HHO) in HEMS missions.

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Jürgen Knapp, Michael Mann, Lorenz Meuli, Volker Lischke, Mario Tissi, Stephen Sollid, Simon Rauch, Volker Wenzel, Stefan Becker and Roland Albrecht

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:92

    Content type: Original research

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  11. Hypothermia significantly affects mortality and morbidity of newborns. Literature about severe accidental hypothermia in neonates is limited. We report a case of a neonate suffering from severe accidental hypo...

    Authors: Astrid Kuonen, Thomas Riva and Gabor Erdoes

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:91

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Temporary circulatory support is a bridge between acute circulatory failure and definitive treatment or recovery. Currently, venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is considered to be one o...

    Authors: Hao Zhou, Yi Zhu, Zhongman Zhang, Jinru Lv, Wei Li, Deliang Hu, Xufeng Chen and Yong Mei

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:90

    Content type: Original research

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  13. Triage and triage related work has been performed in Swedish Emergency Departments (EDs) since the mid-1990s. According to two national surveys from 2005 to 2011, triage was carried out with different triage s...

    Authors: Sara C. Wireklint, Carina Elmqvist and Katarina E. Göransson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:89

    Content type: Original research

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  14. The European resuscitation council have highlighted emergency medical dispatch centres as an important key player for early recognition of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) and in providing dispatcher assi...

    Authors: Camilla Hardeland, Andreas Claesson, Marieke T. Blom, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Fredrik Folke, Jacob Hollenberg, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Freddy Lippert, Anette Nord, Anne Mette Nygaard, Theresa Mariero Olasveengen, Mattias Ringh, Leif Svensson and Thea Palsgaard Møller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:88

    Content type: Original research

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  15. Ambulance drivers in the Netherlands are trained to drive as fluent as possible when transporting a head injured patient to the hospital. Acceleration and deceleration have the potential to create pressure cha...

    Authors: Iscander M. Maissan, Boris Vlottes, Sanne Hoeks, Jan Bosch, Robert Jan Stolker and Dennis den Hartog

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:87

    Content type: Original research

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  16. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is recognized as first line ventilatory support for the management of acute pulmonary edema (APE) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. We aimed to study...

    Authors: Adeline Dunand, Nicolas Beysard, Ludovic Maudet, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Fabrice Dami, Lise Piquilloud, David Caillet-Bois and Mathieu Pasquier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:85

    Content type: Original research

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  17. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in mountain environment is challenging. Continuous chest compressions during transport or hoist rescue are almost impossible without mechanical chest compression devices. Current ...

    Authors: Egger Alexander, Tscherny Katharina, Fuhrmann Verena, Grafeneder Jürgen, Niederer Maximilian, Kienbacher Calvin, Schachner Andreas, Schreiber Wolfgang, Herkner Harald and Roth Dominik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:84

    Content type: Original research

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  18. Placing a peripheral vein catheter can be challenging due to several factors, but using ultrasound as guidance increases the success rate. The purpose of this review is to investigate the knowledge already exi...

    Authors: Rasmus Jørgensen, Christian B. Laursen, Lars Konge and Pia Iben Pietersen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:83

    Content type: Review

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  19. Survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is dependent on early recognition, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. The purpose of CPR is to maintain some blood flow unt...

    Authors: Ingvild B. M. Tjelmeland, Jan Wnent, Siobhan Masterson, Jo Kramer-Johansen and Jan-Thorsten Gräsner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:82

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Thoracic trauma is commonplace and accounts for 50–70% of the injuries found in severe trauma. Little information is available in the literature as to timing of endotracheal intubation. The main objective of t...

    Authors: Adrien Cornillon, Juliette Balbo, Julien Coffinet, Thierry Floch, Mathieu Bard, Guillaume Giordano-Orsini, Jean-Marc Malinovsky, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Daphne Michelet and Vincent Legros

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:81

    Content type: Original research

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  21. The management of penetrating wounds is a rare challenge for trauma surgeons in Germany and Central Europe as a result of the low incidence of this type of trauma. In Germany, penetrating injuries are reported...

    Authors: D Bieler, E Kollig, L Hackenberg, JH Rathjen, R Lefering and A Franke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:80

    Content type: Original research

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  22. Mechanical chest compression devices are accepted alternatives for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) under specific circumstances. Current devices lack prospective and comparative data on their specific card...

    Authors: Robert Ruemmler, Jakob Stein, Bastian Duenges, Miriam Renz and Erik Kristoffer Hartmann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:79

    Content type: Original research

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  23. During the COVID-19 pandemic, as the number of available Intensive Care beds in France did not meet the needs, it appeared necessary to transfer a large number of patients from the most affected areas to the l...

    Authors: Thierry Lentz, Charles Groizard, Abel Colomes, Anna Ozguler, Michel Baer and Thomas Loeb

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:78

    Content type: Original research

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  24. The Nordic countries have differed in their approach as to how much priority for COVID19 vaccine access should be given to health care workers. Two countries decided not to give health care workers highest pri...

    Authors: Bjorg Thorsteinsdottir and Bo Enemark Madsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:77

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Bystander-initiated resuscitation is essential for surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Smartphone apps can provide real-time guidance for medical laypersons in these situations. Are these apps a benefici...

    Authors: Camilla Metelmann, Bibiana Metelmann, Louisa Schuffert, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Marcus Vollmer and Peter Brinkrolf

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:76

    Content type: Original research

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  26. The biomarker serum S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) is used in in-hospital triage of adults with mild traumatic brain injury to rule out intracranial lesions. The biomarker glial fibrillary acidic prote...

    Authors: Sophie-Charlott Seidenfaden, Julie Linding Kjerulff, Niels Juul, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette Fogh Møller, Anna-Marie Bloch Münster and Morten Thingemann Bøtker

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:75

    Content type: Original research

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  27. When working in complex environments with critically ill patients, team performance is influenced by situation awareness in teams. Moreover, improved situation awareness in the teams will probably improve team...

    Authors: Karin Jonsson, Christine Brulin, Maria Härgestam, Marie Lindkvist and Magnus Hultin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:73

    Content type: Original research

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  28. There have been major developments in healthcare services as well as changes in demographics in recent years, and this has, among other things, led to increased demand for ambulance services. In general, this ...

    Authors: Sveinbjörn Dúason, Christoffer Ericsson, Hrafnhildur Lilja Jónsdóttir, Jeanette Viggen Andersen and Thomas Lynge Andersen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:72

    Content type: Commentary

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  29. A threshold Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 16 is common in classifying major trauma (MT), although the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been extensively revised over time. The aim of this study was to determi...

    Authors: Jan C. Van Ditshuizen, Charlie A. Sewalt, Cameron S. Palmer, Esther M. M. Van Lieshout, Michiel H. J. Verhofstad and Dennis Den Hartog

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:71

    Content type: Original research

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  30. Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) increases neurologically intact survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) according to several studies. This systematic review summarizes neur...

    Authors: Kristine Elisabeth Eberhard, Gitte Linderoth, Mads Christian Tofte Gregers, Freddy Lippert and Fredrik Folke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:70

    Content type: Review

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  31. Assessing and managing the risk of clinical deterioration is a cornerstone of emergency care, commencing at triage and continuing throughout the emergency department (ED) care. The aim of this scoping review w...

    Authors: Julie Considine, Margaret Fry, Kate Curtis and Ramon Z. Shaban

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:69

    Content type: Review

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  32. Coagulopathy in adult patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is strongly associated with unfavorable outcomes. However, few reports focus on pediatric TBI-associated coagulopathy.

    Authors: Cheng-yan You, Si-wei Lu, Yue-qiang Fu and Feng Xu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:67

    Content type: Original research

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  33. Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with about 5.8 million deaths globally and the leading cause of death in those aged 45 and younger. The pre-hospital phase of traumatic injury is ...

    Authors: Matilda K. Björklund, Moira Cruickshank, Robbie A. Lendrum and Katie Gillies

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:65

    Content type: Review

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  34. Rapid Sequence Induction (RSI) was introduced to minimise the risk of aspiration of gastric contents during emergency tracheal intubation. It consisted of induction with the use of thiopentone and suxamethoniu...

    Authors: Pascale Avery, Sarah Morton, James Raitt, Hans Morten Lossius and David Lockey

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:64

    Content type: Review

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  35. Retrospective trauma scores are often used to categorise trauma, however, they have little utility in the prehospital or hyper-acute setting and do not define major trauma to non-specialists. This study employ...

    Authors: Lee Thompson, Michael Hill, Fiona Lecky and Gary Shaw

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:63

    Content type: Original research

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  36. Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) respond to serious trauma and medical emergencies. Geographical disparity and the regionalisation of trauma systems can complicate accurate HEMS dispatch. We sought...

    Authors: J. E. Griggs, J. W. Barrett, E. ter Avest, R. de Coverly, M. Nelson, J. Williams and R. M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:62

    Content type: Original research

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  37. Hypotension is associated with worse outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and maintaining a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥110 mmHg is recommended. The aim of this study was to assess the inci...

    Authors: Simon Rauch, Matilde Marzolo, Tomas Dal Cappello, Mathias Ströhle, Peter Mair, Urs Pietsch, Hermann Brugger and Giacomo Strapazzon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:61

    Content type: Original research

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  38. Point-of-care ultrasound is a focus oriented tool for differentiating among cardiopulmonary diseases. Its value in the hands of emergency physicians, with various ultrasound experience, remains uncertain. We t...

    Authors: M. Riishede, A. T. Lassen, G. Baatrup, P. I. Pietersen, N. Jacobsen, K. N. Jeschke and C. B. Laursen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:60

    Content type: Original research

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  39. Emergency medical service patients are a vulnerable population and the risk of mortality is considerable. In Denmark, healthcare professionals receive 112-emergency calls and assess the main reason for calling...

    Authors: Stine Ibsen, Tim Alex Lindskou, Christian H. Nickel, Torben Kløjgård, Erika Frischknecht Christensen and Morten Breinholt Søvsø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:59

    Content type: Original research

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  40. A 3 month old boy, with no known health conditions, suffered a sudden collapse at home. On first EMS arrival, ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest was identified and resuscitation following UK national...

    Authors: Peter Kingsley, Jonathan Merefield, Robert G. Walker, Fred W. Chapman and Mark Faulkner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:58

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Colloid fluids supplemented with adequate combinations of coagulation factor concentrates with the capability to restore coagulation could be a desirable future treatment component in massive transfusion.

    Authors: Tobias Koller, Nadia Kinast, Andres Guilarte Castellanos, Sergio Perez Garcia, Pilar Paniagua Iglesias, Xavi León Vintro, Jose Mateo Arranz, Noelia Vilalta Seto, Ma. Victòria Moral García, Ana Belén Moreno-Castaño, Jose Aznar-Salatti, Gines Escolar Albaladejo and Maribel Diaz-Ricart

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:57

    Content type: Original research

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  42. Falls from standing are common in the elderly and are associated with a significant risk of bleeding. We have compared the proportional incidence of bleeding complications in patients on either direct oral ant...

    Authors: Martin Müller, Ioannis Chanias, Michael Nagler, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Thomas C. Sauter

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:56

    Content type: Original research

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  43. During periods such as the COVID-19 crisis, there is a need for responsive public health surveillance indicators in order to monitor both the epidemic growth and potential public health consequences of prevent...

    Authors: Cédric Gil-Jardiné, Gabrielle Chenais, Catherine Pradeau, Eric Tentillier, Philippe Revel, Xavier Combes, Michel Galinski, Eric Tellier and Emmanuel Lagarde

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:55

    Content type: Original research

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  44. The burden of frailty on older people is identifiable by its adverse effect on mortality, morbidity and long term functional and health outcomes. In patients suffering from a traumatic injury there is increasi...

    Authors: Heather Jarman, Robert Crouch, Mark Baxter, Chao Wang, George Peck, Dhanupriya Sivapathasuntharam, Cara Jennings and Elaine Cole

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:54

    Content type: Original research

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  45. Traditional, instructor led, in-person training of CPR skills has become more challenging due to COVID-19 pandemic. We compared the learning outcomes of standard in-person CPR training (ST) with alternative me...

    Authors: Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Noor Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan McNally and Junaid Razzak

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:53

    Content type: Review

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  46. Teamwork is essential in healthcare, but team performance tends to deteriorate in stressful situations. Further development of training and education for healthcare teams requires a more complete understanding...

    Authors: Femke S. Dijkstra, Peter G. Renden, Martijn Meeter, Linda J. Schoonmade, Ralf Krage, Hans van Schuppen and Anne de la Croix

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2021 29:52

    Content type: Review

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