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  1. Original research

    Neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective study

    We investigated the relationship between neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest (CA) to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (CA-to-ECMO) in patients with out-of-hospita...

    Takahiro Yukawa, Masahiro Kashiura, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Takahiro Tanabe and Yuichi Hamabe

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:95

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  2. Original research

    Physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service has a beneficial impact on the incidence of prehospital hypoxia and secured airways on patients with severe traumatic brain injury

    After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hypotension, hypoxia and hypercapnia have been shown to result in secondary brain injury that can lead to increased mortality and disability. Effective prehospital assessmen...

    Toni Pakkanen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Jouni Nurmi, Ilkka Virkkunen and Arvi Yli-Hankala

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:94

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  3. Original research

    The effect of a national web course “Help-Brain-Heart” as a supplemental learning tool before CPR training: a cluster randomised trial

    The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of str...

    Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg and Lennart Nilsson

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:93

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  4. Original research

    The most commonly used disease severity scores are inappropriate for risk stratification of older emergency department sepsis patients: an observational multi-centre study

    Sepsis recognition in older emergency department (ED) patients is difficult due to atypical symptom presentation. We therefore investigated whether the prognostic and discriminative performance of the five mos...

    Bas de Groot, Frank Stolwijk, Mats Warmerdam, Jacinta A. Lucke, Gurpreet K. Singh, Mo Abbas, Simon P. Mooijaart, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas and Douwe Rijpsma

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:91

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  5. Original research

    Intraosseous blood samples for point-of-care analysis: agreement between intraosseous and arterial analyses

    Point-of-care (POC) testing is highly useful when treating critically ill patients. In case of difficult vascular access, the intraosseous (IO) route is commonly used, and blood is aspirated to confirm the cor...

    Milla Jousi, Simo Saikko and Jouni Nurmi

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:92

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  6. Original research

    We need support! A Delphi study about desirable support during the first year in the emergency medical service

    New and inexperienced emergency medical service (EMS) professionals lack important experience. To prevent medical errors and improve retention there is an urgent need to identify ways to support new profession...

    Anna Hörberg, Maria Jirwe, Susanne Kalén, Veronica Vicente and Veronica Lindström

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:89

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  7. Original research

    Psychosocial risk and protective factors for the health and well-being of professionals working in emergency and non-emergency medical transport services, identified via questionnaires

    Medical transport (MT) professionals are subject to considerable emotional demands due to their involvement in life-or-death situations and their exposure to the serious health problems of their clients. An in...

    P. Navarro Moya, M. González Carrasco and E. Villar Hoz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:88

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  8. Original research

    Does the applied polytrauma definition notably influence outcome and patient population? – a retrospective analysis

    Although the term “polytrauma” has been in use for decades, no generally accepted definition exists. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that different polytrauma definitions applied to a specific patient...

    Stephan Frenzel, Philipp Krenn, Thomas Heinz and Lukas Leopold Negrin

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:87

    Published on: 31 August 2017

  9. Original research

    Daily volume of cases in emergency call centers: construction and validation of a predictive model

    Variations in the activity of emergency dispatch centers are an obstacle to the rationalization of resource allocation. Many explanatory factors are well known, available in advance and could predict the volum...

    Damien Viglino, Aurelien Vesin, Stephane Ruckly, Xavier Morelli, Rémi Slama, Guillaume Debaty, Vincent Danel, Maxime Maignan and Jean-François Timsit

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:86

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  10. Original research

    Early post-traumatic seizures are associated with valproic acid plasma concentrations and UGT1A6/CYP2C9 genetic polymorphisms in patients with severe traumatic brain injury

    Seizure is a common complication for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Valproic acid (VPA) is a first-line antiepileptic drug, though its metabolism is affected by genetic polymorphisms and varies between i...

    Yirui Sun, Jian Yu, Qiang Yuan, Xing Wu, Xuehai Wu and Jin Hu

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:85

    Published on: 25 August 2017

  11. Original research

    Identifying pre-hospital factors associated with outcome for major trauma patients in a regional trauma network: an exploratory study

    Major trauma is often life threatening and the leading cause of death in the United Kingdom (UK) for adults aged less than 45 years old. This study aimed to identify pre-hospital factors associated with patien...

    Lee Thompson, Michael Hill, Caroline Davies, Gary Shaw and Matthew D Kiernan

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:83

    Published on: 23 August 2017

  12. Original research

    Maintaining immobilisation devices on trauma patients during CT: a feasibility study

    To reduce the possibility of secondary deterioration of spinal injuries, it is desirable to maintain the spinal immobilisation that is applied in the prehospital setting throughout computed tomography (CT) sca...

    Pål Johan Stokkeland, Erlend Andersen, Maria Myhre Bjørndal, Arne Morten Mikalsen, Sindre Aslaksen and Per Kristian Hyldmo

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:84

    Published on: 23 August 2017

  13. Original research

    The role of whole-body computed tomography in the diagnosis of thoracic injuries in severely injured patients – a retrospective multi-centre study based on the trauma registry of the German trauma society (TraumaRegister DGU®)

    Thoracic injuries are a leading cause of death in polytrauma patients. Early diagnosis and treatment are of paramount importance. Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) has largely replaced traditional imaging ...

    Patricia Lang, Martin Kulla, Fabian Kerwagen, Rolf Lefering, Benedikt Friemert and Hans-Georg Palm

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:82

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  14. Original research

    Hospitalisation in an emergency department short-stay unit compared to an internal medicine department is associated with fewer complications in older patients – an observational study

    Older patients are at particular risk of experiencing adverse events during hospitalisation.

    Camilla Strøm, Talie Khadem Mollerup, Laurits Schou Kromberg, Lars Simon Rasmussen and Thomas Andersen Schmidt

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:80

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  15. Original research

    Antiarrhythmic drug therapy among patients presenting to emergency department with symptomatic atrial fibrillation – a prospective nationwide cohort

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that causes numerous visits to emergency departments (ED). The aim of the FinFib2 study was to evaluate whether treatment of patients with AF in ED is consistent...

    Tero Penttilä, Heikki Mäkynen, Juha Hartikainen, Harri Hyppölä, Timo Lauri, Mika Lehto, Juha Lund and MJ Pekka Raatikainen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:81

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  16. Original research

    Subjective safety and self-confidence in prehospital trauma care and learning progress after trauma-courses: part of the prospective longitudinal mixed-methods EPPTC-trial

    Prehospital trauma care is stressful and requires multi-professional teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills and underlines the importance of effective ...

    David Häske, Stefan K. Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Paul A. Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Vassilios Papathanassiou and Matthias Münzberg

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:79

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  17. Original research

    Management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in emergency departments, from bleeding symptoms to diagnosis: a prospective, multicenter, observational study

    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is common in emergency departments (EDs) and can be caused by many eso-gastro-duodenal lesions. Most available epidemiological data and data on the management of UGB comes...

    Pierre-Clément Thiebaud, Youri Yordanov, Jacques-Emmanuel Galimard, Pierre-Alexis Raynal, Sébastien Beaune, Laurent Jacquin, François-Xavier Ageron and Dominique Pateron

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:78

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  18. Original research

    Characteristics and outcome of rapid response team patients ≥75 years old: a prospective observational cohort study

    Rapid response teams (RRTs) attend severely ill general ward patients whose average 30-day mortality is near 30%. A major part of RRT patients are over 75 years old, but there are no studies on the characteris...

    Joonas Tirkkonen, Piritta Setälä and Sanna Hoppu

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:77

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  19. Original research

    The Anticoagulated trauma patient in the age of the direct oral anticoagulants: a Canadian perspective

    The anticoagulated trauma patient presents a particular challenge to the critical care physician. Our understanding of these patients is defined and extrapolated by experience with patients on warfarin pre-inj...

    Brendan Wood, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Michelle Sholzberg, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips and Alun D. Ackery

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:76

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  20. Study protocol

    Exploring how nurses assess, monitor and manage acute pain for adult critically ill patients in the emergency department: protocol for a mixed methods study

    Many critically ill patients experience moderate to severe acute pain that is frequently undetected and/or undertreated. Acute pain in this patient cohort not only derives from their injury and/or illness, but...

    Wayne Varndell, Margaret Fry and Doug Elliott

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:75

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  21. Original research

    Computed tomography during initial management and mortality among hemodynamically unstable blunt trauma patients: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

    Although many hemodynamically unstable trauma patients undergo computed tomography (CT) to identify a source of bleeding, this practice is currently only recommended by a few guidelines. To clarify whether CT ...

    Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi and Shunichi Fukuhara

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:74

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  22. Review

    A patient-safety and professional perspective on non-conveyance in ambulance care: a systematic review

    This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyanc...

    Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet, Renate F. Speijers, Nico W. Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen and Sivera A.A. Berben

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:71

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  23. Original research

    The use of non-uniform drowning terminology: a follow-up study

    In 2002, the World Congress on Drowning developed a uniform definition for drowning. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of “non-uniform drowning terminology” (NUDT) and “non-uniform drowning ...

    Andrew C. Schmidt, Justin R. Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga, Matt S. Davison, Ryan J. Zeigler and Sean J. McAlister

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:72

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  24. Case report

    Swedish-Norwegian co-operation in the treatment of three hypothermia victims: a case report

    Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destina...

    Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K. Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson and Alexander Wahba

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:73

    Published on: 17 July 2017

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