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  1. Content type: Original research

    We examined the effect of advanced preparation and organisation of equipment and drugs for Pre-hospital Emergency Anaesthesia (PHEA) and tracheal intubation on procedural time, error rates, and cognitive load.

    Authors: Paul Swinton, Alasdair R. Corfield, Chris Moultrie, David Percival, Jeffrey Proctor, Neil Sinclair and Zane B. Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:82

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  2. Content type: Original research

    The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is preparing a new set of regulations that will cover working and resting periods for crew members engaged in emergency medical services with helicopters (HEMS) and a...

    Authors: Eirik Bjorheim Abrahamsen, Jon Tømmerås Selvik, Anders Nordgaard Dahle, Frank Asche and Håkon Bjorheim Abrahamsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:83

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a potential threat for patient safety. We searched for independent determinants of prolonged ED length of stay (LOS) with the aim to identify factors which can be targ...

    Authors: Daniël van der Veen, Claudia Remeijer, Anne J. Fogteloo, Christian Heringhaus and Bas de Groot

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:81

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  4. Content type: Commentary

    The hybrid emergency room (hybrid ER) system was first established in 2011 in Japan. It is defined as an integrated system including an ER, emergency computed tomography (CT) and interventional radiology (IVR)...

    Authors: Hiroaki Watanabe, Yoshihide Shimojo, Eiji Hira, Shunsuke Kuramoto, Tomohiro Muronoi, Kazuyuki Oka and Akihiko Kidani

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:80

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  5. Content type: Original research

    After on-scene examination and /or treatment, emergency medical services (EMS) nurses must decide whether the patient requires further assessment or treatment, most frequently in a hospital. The primary object...

    Authors: Wim Breeman, Nathan A. Poublon, Michael H. J. Verhofstad and Esther M. M. Van Lieshout

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:79

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  6. Content type: Review

    Brain injury can occur after cardiac arrest due to the effects of ischaemia and reperfusion. In serious cases this can lead to permanent disability. This risk must be considered when making decisions about ter...

    Authors: Clare Welbourn and Nikolaos Efstathiou

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:77

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  7. Content type: Original research

    Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) as an adjunct lesion in patients with upper extremity trauma has not been investigated in a Central European setting so far, despite of its devastating long-term consequences. Thi...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jakob Nüchtern, Jan Regelsberger and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:76

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Peripheral measurement of venous oxygen saturation and lactate is a less invasive alternative to monitor tissue oxygenation as compared to measurements from a central venous catheter. However, there is a lack ...

    Authors: Raphaelle Avigael Chemtob and Hasse Møller-Sørensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:75

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Lightning strikes are rare but potentially lethal. The risk for suffering a lightning strike in a mountain environment is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to analyse all lightning accidents in the...

    Authors: Mathias Ströhle, Bernd Wallner, Michael Lanthaler, Simon Rauch, Hermann Brugger and Peter Paal

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:74

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  10. Content type: Original research

    A thorough handover in the emergency department (ED) is of great importance for improving the quality and safety in the chain of care. The satisfaction of handover may reflect the quality of handover. Research...

    Authors: Gijs Thomas Hovenkamp, Tycho Joan Olgers, Remco Robert Wortel, Milou Esmée Noltes, Bert Dercksen and Jan Cornelis ter Maaten

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:78

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Standardised courses for laypeople in Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) and Foreign Body Airway Obstruction Management (FBAOM) teach essential skills for the initiation of resuscitation by bystanders. Perfo...

    Authors: Asbjørn Hasselager, Doris Østergaard, Tim Kristensen, Claus Sønderskov, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Torsten L. B. Lauritsen, Lars Konge and Martin G. Tolsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:73

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Despite extensive research on the “weekend effect” i.e., the increased mortality associated with hospital admission during weekend, knowledge about disease severity in previous studies is limited. The aim of t...

    Authors: Iben Duvald, Anders Moellekaer, Mathias A. Boysen and Betina Vest-Hansen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:72

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital acute care and treatment have become more complex, and while invasive procedures are standard procedures, focus on infection control and prevention is scarce. We aimed to evaluate guideline adheren...

    Authors: Heidi Storm Vikke, Matthias Giebner and Hans Jørn Kolmos

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:71

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Mechanical chest compression devices consistently deliver high-quality chest compressions. Small very low-quality studies suggest mechanical devices may be effective as an alternative to manual chest compressi...

    Authors: Keith Couper, Tom Quinn, Ranjit Lall, Anne Devrell, Barry Orriss, Kate Seers, Joyce Yeung and Gavin D. Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:70

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Risk stratification of patients in the emergency department can be strengthened using prognostic biomarkers, but the impact on patient prognosis is unknown. The aim of the TRIAGE III trial was to investigate w...

    Authors: Martin Schultz, Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Malene H. Andersen, Jakob S. Stefansson, Alexander C. Falkentoft, Morten Alstrup, Andreas Sandø, Sarah L. K. Holle, Jeppe Meyer, Peter B. S. Törnkvist, Thomas Høi-Hansen, Erik Kjøller, Birgitte Nybo Jensen, Morten Lind, Lisbet Ravn, Thomas Kallemose…

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:69

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  16. Content type: Original research

    Hypoxia and hypotension may be associated with secondary brain injury and negative outcomes in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic intracranial pathology. Guidelines exist only for the prehospital manage...

    Authors: Joachim Juelsgaard, Leif Rognås, Lars Knudsen, Troels Martin Hansen and Mads Rasmussen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:68

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  17. Content type: Review

    Major Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Blunt Thoracic Injury (BTI) accounts for > 15% of United Kingdom (UK) trauma admissions and is consistently associated with respirator...

    Authors: Edward Baker, Andreas Xyrichis, Christine Norton, Philip Hopkins and Geraldine Lee

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:67

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  18. Content type: Original research

    External factors following trauma and iatrogenic intervention influence blood coagulation and particularly clot formation. In particular, three external factors (in detail dilution via uncritical volume replac...

    Authors: Michael Caspers, Nadine Schäfer, Matthias Fröhlich, Ursula Bauerfeind, Bertil Bouillon, Manuel Mutschler and Marc Maegele

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:66

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  19. Content type: Guideline

    Helicopter EMS (HEMS) teams may perform a variety of clinical, managerial and transport functions during major incident management. Despite national and international variations in HEMS systems, the rapid deli...

    Authors: Julian Thompson, Marius Rehn and Stephen J. M. Sollid

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:65

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Studies show increased mortality among severely injured patients not met by trauma team. Proper triage is important to ensure that all severely injured patients receive vital trauma care. In 2017 a new nationa...

    Authors: Terje Nordgarden, Peter Odland, Anne Berit Guttormsen and Kristina Stølen Ugelvik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:64

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Sensitive decision making tools should assist prehospital personnel in the triage of injured patients, identifying those who require immediate lifesaving interventions and safely reducing unnecessary under- an...

    Authors: Ole-Petter Vinjevoll, Oddvar Uleberg and Elaine Cole

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:63

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  22. Content type: Original research

    Open tibial fractures are serious, complicated injuries. Previous studies suggested an increased risk of death, however, this has not been studied in large population-based settings. We aimed to analyze mortal...

    Authors: Ulrika Tampe, Lukas W. Widmer, Rüdiger J. Weiss and Karl-Åke Jansson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:62

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Streptococcus pyogenes is a Gram positive bacterial species commonly involved in sepsis. Invasive strains express virulence factors such as the M1 protein. M1 protein forms complexes with fibrinogen leading to a ...

    Authors: Viveka Björck, Lisa I. Påhlman, Johan Törnebrant and Mikael Bodelsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:61

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Up to 20% of patients admitted to an emergency department present with non-specific complaints. Retrospective studies suggest an increased risk of misdiagnosis and hospital admission for these patients, but pr...

    Authors: Thomas C. Sauter, Giuliana Capaldo, Michele Hoffmann, Tanja Birrenbach, Stefanie C. Hautz, Juliana E. Kämmer, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Wolf E. Hautz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:60

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Deranged glucose metabolism is frequently observed in trauma patients after moderate to severe traumatic injury, but little data is available about pre-hospital blood glucose and its association with various c...

    Authors: Janett Kreutziger, Stefan Schmid, Nikolaus Umlauf, Hanno Ulmer, Maarten W. Nijsten, Daniel Werner, Thomas Schlechtriemen and Wolfgang Lederer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:58

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  26. Content type: Original research

    More than one in five patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with (suspected) infection or sepsis deteriorate within 72 h from admission. Surprisingly little is known about vital signs in relatio...

    Authors: Vincent M. Quinten, Matijs van Meurs, Tycho J. Olgers, Judith M. Vonk, Jack J. M. Ligtenberg and Jan C. ter Maaten

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:57

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Outcome prediction is crucial for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. Several attempts have been made to use the bispectral index (BIS) for this purpose. We aimed to investigate the prognostic pow...

    Authors: Jeong Ho Park, Jae Hun Oh, Seung Pill Choi and Jung Hee Wee

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:59

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Recently, the concept of sepsis was redefined by an international task force. This international task force of experts recommended using the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) criteria instead o...

    Authors: Jianjun Jiang, Jin Yang, Jing Mei, Yongmei Jin and Youjin Lu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:56

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  29. Content type: Original research

    The relationship between fibrinogen concentration and traumatic death has been poorly explored after severe trauma. Existing studies analysed this relationship in unselected trauma population, often considerin...

    Authors: Pierre Bouzat, François-Xavier Ageron, Jonathan Charbit, Xavier Bobbia, Pauline Deras, Jennifer Bas Dit Nugues, Etienne Escudier, Guillaume Marcotte, Marc Leone and Jean-Stéphane David

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:55

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Avalanche rescues mostly rely on helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) and include technical rescue and complex medical situations under difficult conditions. The adequacy of avalanche victim management...

    Authors: Alexandre Kottmann, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Lorenz Theiler, Roland Albrecht, Mario Tissi and Mathieu Pasquier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:54

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Acute pain is a frequent symptom, but little is known about the frequency and causes of acute pain in the prehospital population. The objectives of this study were to investigate the frequency of moderate to s...

    Authors: Kristian D. Friesgaard, Ingunn S. Riddervold, Hans Kirkegaard, Erika F. Christensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:53

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Globally, armed conflict is a major contributor to mortality and morbidity. The treatment of war-associated injuries is largely experience-based. Evidence is weak due to difficulty in conducting medical resear...

    Authors: Andreas Älgå, Karin Karlow Herzog, Murad Alrawashdeh, Sidney Wong, Hamidreza Khankeh and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:52

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  33. Content type: Review

    In 2011, the role of Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) was defined as one of the top five research priorities in physician-provided prehospital critical care and future research topics were proposed; the feasib...

    Authors: Morten Thingemann Bøtker, Lars Jacobsen, Søren Steemann Rudolph and Lars Knudsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:51

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  34. Content type: Original research

    In head trauma cases involving antiplatelet agent treatment, the French Society of Emergency Medicine recommends performing computed tomography (CT) scans to detect brain lesions, 90% of which are normal. The ...

    Authors: Farès Moustafa, Jean Roubin, Bruno Pereira, Alain Barres, Jennifer Saint-Denis, Christophe Perrier, Marine Mondet, Frederic Dutheil and Jeannot Schmidt

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:50

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  35. Content type: Original research

    In the prehospital situation, the diagnostic armamentarium available to the rescue physician is limited. Emergency ultrasound has proven to be a useful diagnostic tool, providing crucial information for the ma...

    Authors: Maximilian Scharonow and Christian Weilbach

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:49

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  36. Content type: Original research

    The prehospital research field has focused on studying patient survival in cardiac arrest, as well as acute coronary syndrome, stroke, and trauma. There is little known about the overall short-term mortality a...

    Authors: Marko Hoikka, Tom Silfvast and Tero I. Ala-Kokko

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:48

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Early identification of lactate levels may have a large impact on triage classification and assist in identifying critically ill patients. A handheld device provides a rapid and timesaving measurement of lacta...

    Authors: David Stoll, Erling Englund, Helene Hillborg, Stefan Vedin and Agneta Larsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:47

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  38. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital advanced airway management with oxygenation and ventilation may be vital for managing critically ill or injured patients. To improve pre-hospital critical care and develop evidence-based guideline...

    Authors: G. A. Sunde, A. Kottmann, J. K. Heltne, M. Sandberg, M. Gellerfors, A. Krüger, D. Lockey and S. J. M. Sollid

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:46

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  39. Content type: Original research

    Poor communication during patient handover is recognised internationally as a root cause of a significant proportion of preventable deaths. Improving the accuracy and quality of handover may reduce associated ...

    Authors: David Fitzpatrick, Michael McKenna, Edward A. S. Duncan, Colville Laird, Richard Lyon and Alasdair Corfield

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:45

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  40. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this study was to assess outcome in long-term quality of life (QoL) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adult survivors of trauma. Secondary aim was to compare levels of the outcome with...

    Authors: F. B. Danielsson, M. Schultz Larsen, B. Nørgaard and J. M. Lauritsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:44

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Electrical injuries represent life-threatening emergencies. Evidence on differences between high (HVI) and low voltage injuries (LVI) regarding characteristics at presentation, rhabdomyolysis markers, surgical...

    Authors: Jochen Gille, Thomas Schmidt, Adrian Dragu, Dimitri Emich, Peter Hilbert-Carius, Thomas Kremer, Thomas Raff, Beate Reichelt, Apostolos Siafliakis, Frank Siemers, Michael Steen and Manuel F. Struck

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:43

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Helicopter emergency medical services are important in many health care systems. Norway has a nationwide physician manned air ambulance service servicing a country with large geographical variations in populat...

    Authors: Jo Røislien, Pieter L. van den Berg, Thomas Lindner, Erik Zakariassen, Oddvar Uleberg, Karen Aardal and J. Theresia van Essen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:42

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Nerve lesions are well known reasons for reduced functional capacity and diminished quality of life. By now only a few epidemiological studies focus on lower extremity trauma related nerve injuries. This study...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jakob Nüchtern, Jan Regelsberger, Mathias Gelderblom and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:40

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  44. Content type: Original research

    In Finland, hospital districts (HD) are required by law to determine the level and availability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for each 1-km2 sized area (cell) within their administrative area. The cells are...

    Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Mäntyselkä and Jouni Kurola

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:41

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  45. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In response to the review “Advanced airway management in hoist and longline operations in mountain HEMS - considerations in austere environments: a narrative review.” by Pietsch et al. we refer to recently pub...

    Authors: John Hollott

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:39

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  46. Content type: Original Research

    Myocardial infarction is a time-critical condition and its outcome is determined by appropriate emergency care. Thus we assessed the efficacy of a supra-regional ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STE...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Thomas Bayer, Wolfgang Schreiber, Wolfgang G. Voelckel and Lukas Fiedler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:38

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  47. Content type: Original research

    Variation in reported incidence and outcome based on aggregated data is a persistent feature of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) epidemiology.

    Authors: Siobhán Masterson, Anneli Strömsöe, John Cullinan, Conor Deasy and Akke Vellinga

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:37

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  48. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In this prospective, observational study we describe the incidence and characteristics of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases who received mechanical CPR, after the implementation of a mechanical CPR d...

    Authors: Simon Rauch, Giacomo Strapazzon, Monika Brodmann, Ernst Fop, Christian Masoner, Lydia Rauch, Alessandro Forti, Urs Pietsch, Peter Mair and Hermann Brugger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:36

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  49. Content type: Original research

    After severe polytrauma the dynamic process of coagulation may deteriorate towards a trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) promoting a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests that mi...

    Authors: Matthias Fröhlich, Nadine Schäfer, Michael Caspers, Julia K. Böhm, Ewa K. Stürmer, Bertil Bouillon and Marc Maegele

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:33

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  50. Content type: Original research

    Triage is a mainstay of early mass casualty incident (MCI) management. Standardized triage protocols aim at providing valid and reproducible results and, thus, improve triage quality. To date, there is little ...

    Authors: Michael S. Dittmar, Philipp Wolf, Marc Bigalke, Bernhard M. Graf and Torsten Birkholz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:35

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