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Placement and fixation of the endotracheal tube in trauma patients

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Background

To investigate the incidence of bronchial intubation in trauma patients intubated prehospital or in-hospital, in connection with receiving and treating of trauma patients at the Trauma Center at Aarhus University Hospital.

To investigate whether the materials currently used for fixation of the tracheal tube ensures secure fixation of the tracheal tube.

To investigate whether the method of fixation influences the likelihood of bronchial intubation.

Methods

Prospective registration of the incidence of bronchial intubation in 100 endotracheal intubated trauma patients admitted to the Trauma Center at Aarhus University Hospital from January 2008 to January 2009. Additionally, the method of controlling tube placement, the fixation method used and condition of the patient's face were recorded.

Results

No oesophageal intubations were documented during the project period (100 patients)!

A total of 17 bronchial intubations occurred in 13 patients (some patients were bronchial intubated twice or more)

Bronchial intubations were diagnosed using chest x-ray in 10 patients, by lung stethoscopy in 5 patients and by CT scan in 2 patients.

86 satisfactory fixated tubes were registered.

14 tubes were recorded as unsatisfactorily fixated: 9 fixations were reinforced and 5 fixation materials had to be replaced.

Nine of these patients had facial trauma including blood and facial hair which may have influenced the quality of the fixation

3 of the broncially placed tubes were recorded as not satisfactory fixated.

Conclusion

The number of bronchial intubations should be minimised, and a misplaced endotracheal tube must be diagnosed as early as possible.

This study shows a prevalence of broncial tube placement at 17%, therefore it would be appropriate to focus attention on the control of tube placement as quickly as possible after the patient's arrival or intubation in hospital.

A chest X-ray should be taken as early as possible.

The number of insufficient tube fixations has locally led to use of the Thomas(TM) endotracheal tube holder, which has been tested and now is the standard fixation material in our Trauma Center.

Author information

Correspondence to Espen Cramer Korsvold.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Trauma Patient
  • Endotracheal Tube
  • Standard Fixation
  • Tracheal Tube
  • Tube Placement