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  1. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital trauma care is stressful and requires multi-professional teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills and underlines the importance of effective ...

    Authors: David Häske, Stefan K. Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Paul A. Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Vassilios Papathanassiou and Matthias Münzberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:79

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  2. Content type: Original research

    Rapid response teams (RRTs) attend severely ill general ward patients whose average 30-day mortality is near 30%. A major part of RRT patients are over 75 years old, but there are no studies on the characteris...

    Authors: Joonas Tirkkonen, Piritta Setälä and Sanna Hoppu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:77

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  3. Content type: Original research

    The anticoagulated trauma patient presents a particular challenge to the critical care physician. Our understanding of these patients is defined and extrapolated by experience with patients on warfarin pre-inj...

    Authors: Brendan Wood, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Michelle Sholzberg, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips and Alun D. Ackery

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:76

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Many critically ill patients experience moderate to severe acute pain that is frequently undetected and/or undertreated. Acute pain in this patient cohort not only derives from their injury and/or illness, but...

    Authors: Wayne Varndell, Margaret Fry and Doug Elliott

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:75

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  5. Content type: Original research

    Although many hemodynamically unstable trauma patients undergo computed tomography (CT) to identify a source of bleeding, this practice is currently only recommended by a few guidelines. To clarify whether CT ...

    Authors: Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi and Shunichi Fukuhara

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:74

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  6. Content type: Review

    This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyanc...

    Authors: Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet, Renate F. Speijers, Nico W. Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen and Sivera A.A. Berben

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:71

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  7. Content type: Original research

    In 2002, the World Congress on Drowning developed a uniform definition for drowning. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of “non-uniform drowning terminology” (NUDT) and “non-uniform drowning ...

    Authors: Andrew C. Schmidt, Justin R. Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga, Matt S. Davison, Ryan J. Zeigler and Sean J. McAlister

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:72

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destina...

    Authors: Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K. Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson and Alexander Wahba

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:73

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is not uncommon, but nationwide epidemiological data are limited. We conducted a study in Taiwan to fill the data gaps.

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su and How-Ran Guo

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:70

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  10. Content type: Original research

    Elevated lactate has been found to be associated with a higher mortality in a diverse patient population. The aim of the study is to investigate if initial serum lactate level is independently associated with ...

    Authors: Ralphe Bou Chebl, Christopher El Khuri, Ali Shami, Eva Rajha, Nagham Faris, Rana Bachir and Gilbert Abou Dagher

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:69

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  11. Content type: Original research

    In the Netherlands prehospital trauma care is provided by emergency medical services (EMS) nurses. This care is extended by Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (P-HEMS) for the more severel...

    Authors: Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Leo Maria George Geeraedts Jr., Georgios Fredericus Giannakopoulos, Maartje Terra, Herman M. T. Christiaans, Lidwine Brigitta Mokkink and Frank Willem Bloemers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:67

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  12. Content type: Original research

    The effects of target temperature management (TTM) on the heart aren’t thoroughly studied yet. Several studies showed the prolongation of various ECG parameters including Tpeak-Tend-time under TTM. Our study’s...

    Authors: Sophie von Ulmenstein, Christian Storm, Thomas G. K. Breuer, Sebastian Lask, Philipp Attanasio, Andreas Mügge and Alexander Wutzler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:68

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with a high mortality rate. Furthermore, the few survivors often have severe, persistent cerebral dysfunction. A potential cause for this unsatisfactory outcom...

    Authors: Georg Trummer, Alexander Supady, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Christian Scherer, Tobias Wengenmayer, Markus Umhau and Christoph Benk

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:66

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Albumin may be beneficial in patients with septic shock but availability is limited and cost is high. The objective of the present study was to investigate if the use of dextran-70 in addition to albumin and c...

    Authors: Peter Bentzer, Marcus Broman and Thomas Kander

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:65

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can maintain hemodynamic stability during hemorrhagic shock after a following torso injury, although inappropriate balloon placement may induce brain or vis...

    Authors: Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi and Ryoji Iiduka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:63

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  16. Content type: Case Report

    During maternal cardiac arrest, emergency hysterotomy (EH) is recommended after four minutes of resuscitation, if no signs of spontaneous circulation are detected. This extreme procedure is believed to be pote...

    Authors: Miretta Tommila, Mikko Pystynen, Hanna Soukka, Fatih Aydin and Matias Rantanen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:62

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  17. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI) pose a significant burden globally, while existing epidemiological data–especially on population mortality–are limited. The aim of this study was to calculate the age-stan...

    Authors: Marek Majdan, Dominika Plancikova, Eva Nemcovska, Lenka Krajcovicova, Alexandra Brazinova and Martin Rusnak

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:64

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  18. Content type: Original research

    The best treatment approach for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, some patients show ST elevation on electrocardiography (E...

    Authors: Ji Hoon Kim, Yun Ho Roh, Yoo Seok Park, Joon Min Park, Bo Young Joung, In Cheol Park, Sung Phil Chung and Min Joung Kim

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:61

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  19. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Ultrasonography – assisted lumbar puncture helps physicians identify traditional anatomical landmarks. However, it could help to overcome the anatomical dogmas and thus identify the best interspinous space und...

    Authors: Line Dussourd, Batistin Martinon, Clara Candille, Carole Paquier, Claire Wintenberger, Perrine Dumanoir, Anais Plazanet, Damien Viglino and Maxime Maignan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:60

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a common feature after severe trauma. Detection of TIC is based upon classic coagulation tests including international normalized ratio (INR) value. Point-of-care (POC) dev...

    Authors: Thomas Mistral, Yvonnick Boué, Jean-Luc Bosson, Pauline Manhes, Jules Greze, Julien Brun, Pierre Albaladejo, Jean-François Payen and Pierre Bouzat

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:59

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Community First Responder (CFR) schemes support lay people to respond to medical emergencies, working closely with ambulance services. They operate widely in the UK. There has been no previous review of UK lit...

    Authors: Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Orner and A. Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:58

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  22. Content type: Original research

    Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a h...

    Authors: Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon and Paola Koenen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:57

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  23. Content type: Original research

    We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of qSOFA as a risk stratification tool for patients admitted with infection compared to traditional SIRS criteria or our triage system; the Rapid Emergency Triage a...

    Authors: Åsa Askim, Florentin Moser, Lise T. Gustad, Helga Stene, Maren Gundersen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Jostein Dale, Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Jan Kristian Damås and Erik Solligård

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:56

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  24. Content type: Original research

    The Danish Regions Pediatric Triage model (DRPT) was introduced in 2012 and subsequent implemented in most Danish acute pediatric departments. The aim was to evaluate the validity of DRPT as a screening tool t...

    Authors: Lotte Høeg Hansen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Lena Wittenhoff and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:55

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) treatment has been revolutionised in the last two decades with the increasing use of Intravenous Thrombolysis (IVT) and with the advent of Endovascular therapy (EVT). AIS treatment ...

    Authors: Rajiv Advani, Halvor Naess and Martin W. Kurz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:54

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  26. Content type: Original research

    The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in ...

    Authors: Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson and Tore Vikström

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:53

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Telephone consultation and triage are used to limit the workload on emergency departments. Lack of visual cues and clinical tests put telephone consultations to a disadvantage compared to face-to-face consulta...

    Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Freddy K. Lippert and Ingrid Egerod

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:52

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  28. Content type: Original research

    In order to dispatch ambulances with the correct level of urgency, the dispatch center has to balance the perceived urgency and traffic safety considerations with the available resources. As urgency is not cle...

    Authors: Peter Bank Pedersen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:51

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  29. Content type: Original research

    Post-craniotomy intracranial air can be present in patients scheduled for air ambulance transport to their home hospital. We aimed to assess risk for in-flight intracranial pressure (ICP) increases related to ...

    Authors: Helge Brändström, Anna Sundelin, Daniela Hoseason, Nina Sundström, Richard Birgander, Göran Johansson, Ola Winsö, Lars-Owe Koskinen and Michael Haney

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:50

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  30. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this study was to develop a scoring system for identifying the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients with a good potential for recovery prior to the initiation of induced therapeutic hypother...

    Authors: Mitsuaki Nishikimi, Naoyuki Matsuda, Kota Matsui, Kunihiko Takahashi, Tadashi Ejima, Keibun Liu, Takayuki Ogura, Michiko Higashi, Hitoshi Umino, Go Makishi, Atsushi Numaguchi, Satoru Matsushima, Hideki Tokuyama, Mitsunobu Nakamura and Shigeyuki Matsui

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:49

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Most fatal poisonings occur outside the hospital and the victims found dead. The purpose of this study was to determine the general pattern and patient demographics of fatal poisonings in Northern Finland. In ...

    Authors: Lauri Koskela, Lasse Raatiniemi, Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tero Ala-Kokko and Janne Liisanantti

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:48

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Recently, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has become the rewarming treatment of choice in hypothermic cardiac arrest. The detailed indications for extracorporeal rewarming in non-ar...

    Authors: Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Anna Jarosz, Aleksander Zeliaś, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Sanak, Kinga Sałapa, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstany-Kalandyk, Robert Gałązkowski, Paweł Krawczyk, Łukasz Krzych and Rafał Drwiła

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:46

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Experimental research suggests that females have a higher survival rate after trauma, although this claim is controversial. This study sought to determine the role of sex on mortality among trauma patients in ...

    Authors: Ziqiang Zhu, Xiaoping Shang, Peiyi Qi and Shengli Ma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:47

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Treatment-limiting decisions (TLD) for severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) have been sparsely studied. This study determine prevalence, main reason for, categories and timing of TLDs in a Norwegian regional t...

    Authors: Annette Robertsen, Reidun Førde, Nils Oddvar Skaga and Eirik Helseth

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:44

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  35. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer’s qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-ho...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger and Wolfgang G. Voelckel

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:45

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Hypothermia is common in trauma victims and is associated with increased mortality, however its causes are little known. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with hypothermia...

    Authors: Frédéric Lapostolle, James Couvreur, François Xavier Koch, Dominique Savary, Armelle Alhéritière, Michel Galinski, Jean-Luc Sebbah, Karim Tazarourte and Frédéric Adnet

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:43

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  37. Content type: Review

    Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome o...

    Authors: Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A. Schmid and Gregor J. Kocher

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:42

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  38. Content type: Original research

    It is suggested in literature to use the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as an outcome indicator for evaluating trauma centre performances. In order to predict HRQoL, characteristics that could be of in...

    Authors: Amy Gunning, Mark van Heijl, Karlijn van Wessem and Luke Leenen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:41

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  39. Content type: Review

    Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopath...

    Authors: Mathilde Fahrendorff, Roberto S. Oliveri and Pär I. Johansson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:39

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  40. Content type: Original research

    Dispatch centres (DCs) are considered an essential but expensive component of many highly developed healthcare systems. The number of DCs in a country, region, or state is usually based on local history and of...

    Authors: Alexandre Moser, Annette Mettler, Vincent Fuchs, Walter Hanhart, Claude-François Robert, Vincent Della Santa and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:40

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in milit...

    Authors: Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark and Klas Karlgren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:38

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  42. Content type: Original research

    There is a need for a prehospital stroke test that in addition to high sensitivity for stroke, also is able to communicate stroke severity similar to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).

    Authors: Gunnar Andsberg, Magnus Esbjörnsson, Arne Olofsson, Arne Lindgren, Bo Norrving and Mia von Euler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:37

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  43. Content type: Original research

    The present study evaluates whether the quality of advanced cardiac life support (ALS) is improved with an interactive prototype assist device. This device consists of an automated external defibrillator linke...

    Authors: Rainer Nitzschke, Christoph Doehn, Jan F. Kersten, Julian Blanz, Tobias J. Kalwa, Norman A. Scotti and Jens C. Kubitz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:36

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  44. Content type: Original article

    Discussions on ethical aspects of life-and-death decisions within the hospital are often made in plenary. The prehospital physician, however, may be faced with ethical dilemmas in life-and-death decisions when...

    Authors: Søren Mikkelsen, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Hans Morten Lossius, Palle Toft and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:35

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  45. Content type: Original research

    Trauma resuscitation has undergone a paradigm shift with new emphasis on the early use of blood products and increased proportions of plasma and platelets. However, it is unclear how this strategy is applied o...

    Authors: Brett Mador, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Simon Hollands and Sandro Rizoli

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:33

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  46. Content type: Original research

    The return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (RACA) score may have implications as a quality indicator for the emergency medical services (EMS) system. We aimed to validate this score exte...

    Authors: Petteri Kupari, Markus Skrifvars and Markku Kuisma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:34

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  47. Content type: Commentary

    The chain of trauma survival is a concept that originated in the area of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and was adapted to the treatment of trauma. In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest research into bystan...

    Authors: Håkon Kvåle Bakke and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:32

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  48. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: Osama Bin Abdullah, Johannes Grand, Astha Sijapati, Petrine Nimskov, Finn Erland Nielsen, Jens Christian Schmidt, Noel Pérez, Tanja Kirkegaard, Marianne Fløjstrup, Mikkel Brabrand, Mathias Galthen-Sørensen, Rasa Ramoskiene, Arman Arshad, Annmarie Lassen, Lars Stubbe Teglbjærg, O. Andersen…

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25(Suppl 2):29

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 25 Supplement 2

  49. Content type: Original research

    Targeted temperature management in cardiac arrest was introduced following evidence of increased survival from two controlled trials published in 2002. We wanted to investigate whether the introduction of targ...

    Authors: Eirik A. Buanes, Karl O. Hufthammer, Jørund Langørgen, Anne-Berit Guttormsen and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:31

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  50. Content type: Original research

    Fibrinogen and prothrombin have been suggested to become rate limiting in trauma associated coagulopathy. Administration of fibrinogen is now recommended, however, the importance of prothrombin to patient outc...

    Authors: Clare A. Balendran, Ann Lövgren, Kenny M. Hansson, Karin Nelander, Marita Olsson, Karin J. Johansson, Karim Brohi, Dietmar Fries and Anders Berggren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:30

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