Volume 17 Supplement 1

The Third Annual London Trauma Conference

Open Access

Pre-hospital recording of vital data in the severely head injured patient

Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine200917(Suppl 1):O2

https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-7241-17-S1-O2

Published: 24 February 2009

Introduction

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Recent guidelines on pre-hospital management of TBI emphasize the prevention of hypotension and hypoxemia [1]. Our aim was to assess pre-hospital documentation of vital signs among patients with suspected traumatic brain injury.

Methods

Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the trauma registry at St. Olavs University Hospital, Norway in the period from 1st Jan 2004 to 31st Dec 2006. Patients with a Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) < 9 either pre-hospital or in the emergency department were selcted for further analysis. Pre-hospital recordings of vital signs, i.e. GCS, systolic blood pressure (sBT), respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation (SaO2) were examined.

Results

1237 trauma patients were identified in the trauma registry during the study period. Of these, 105 (8%) patients had a GCS < 9. 32 (30%) were female. The majority (89%) was treated and accompanied by an emergency physician. The proportion of patients whose vital signs were documented is presented in Table 1:

Table 1

Variable

GCS

sBT

RR

HR

SaO2

Fraction

92%

71%

52%

78%

Not available*

Median Glasgow Outcome Scale [2] was 3 (range 1–5), and 24 (23%) patients died from the injuries. *SaO2 was not a trauma registry item, but will be introduced.

Conclusion

Patients admitted to our hospital with potentially severe head injury have high lethality or severe sequelae. We discovered a lack of documentation of vital signs in this group of patients. The importance of recording and documenting vital signs according to recent guidelines for management of traumatic brain injury needs to be emphasized.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
(2)
Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
(3)
Department of anaesthesia and emergency medicine, St. Olav's University Hospital

References

  1. Sollid S, et al.: [Scandinavian guidelines for prehospital management of severe traumatic brain injury]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008, 128 (13): 1524-1527.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Jennett B, et al.: Assessment of outcome after severe brain damage. Lancet. 1975, 1 (7905): 480-484. 10.1016/S0140-6736(75)92830-5.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Krüger et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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