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  1. Early identification of life-threatening injuries is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Failure to detect severe injury may cause delayed diagnosis and therapeutic interventions an...

    Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Mathias Cuevas-Østrem, Cathrine Gram-Knutsen and Oddvar Uleberg
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:34
  2. Some guidelines advocate for managing patients with penetrating thoracic wounds in trauma centres with cardiothoracic surgery. This systematic approach is questionable. Only 15% of these patients require surge...

    Authors: Pascal Augustin, Elise Guivarch, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Sandrine Boudinet, Sebastien Tanaka, Philippe Montravers and Alexy Tran-Dinh
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:33
  3. Authors: Marius Rehn, Kristi G. Bache, Hans Morten Lossius and David Lockey
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:32

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:28

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in Hypertension Research 2022 45:s41440-021-00834-8

  4. Pre-hospital enhanced care teams like Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are often dispatched to major trauma patients, including patients with traumatic brain injuries and those with major haemorrha...

    Authors: L. Curtis, E. ter Avest, J. Griggs, J. Wiliams and R. M. Lyon
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:31
  5. Severe accidental hypothermia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides an efficient rewarming method with complete cardiopulmonary s...

    Authors: Aurélien Ledoux and Piehr Saint Leger
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:30
  6. While survival rates after a trauma are increasing a considerable part of the trauma population are still at risk for both short and long term disabilities. Little is known about prognostic factors over time a...

    Authors: Roos Johanna Maria Havermans, Mariska Adriana Cornelia de Jongh, Leonie de Munter and Koen Willem Wouter Lansink
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:29
  7. Patients served by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) tend to be acutely injured or unwell and in need of stabilisation followed by rapid and safe transport. It is therefore hypothesised that a parti...

    Authors: Siobhán Masterson, Conor Deasy, Mark Doyle, David Hennelly, Shane Knox and Jan Sorensen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:28

    The Editorial to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:32

  8. Treatment of arrhythmias evoked by accidental or therapeutic hypothermia and rewarming remains challenging. We aim to find an ECG-biomarker that can predict ventricular arrhythmias at temperatures occurring in...

    Authors: Erik Sveberg Dietrichs, Torkjel Tveita, Rachel Myles and Godfrey Smith
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:27
  9. Early warning scores (EWS) are widely used in emergency departments and on general wards to detect critical illness and deterioration. TOKS (“Tidlig Opsporing af Kritisk Sygdom”) is an early warning score used...

    Authors: Maj Juhl Skov, Jacob Dynesen, Marie K. Jessen, Janet Yde Liesanth, Julie Mackenhauer and Hans Kirkegaard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:26
  10. Physician-staffed emergency medical services (p-EMS) are resource demanding, and research is needed to evaluate any potential effects of p-EMS. Templates, designed through expert agreement, are valuable and fe...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Andreas Jørstad Krüger, Kjetil Gorseth Ringdal and Marius Rehn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:25
  11. Acute dyspnoea is common among ambulance patients, but little is known of the patients’ experience of symptom. We aimed to investigate ambulance patients initial perceived intensity of acute dyspnoea, and whet...

    Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Kenneth Lübcke, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Søren Mikkelsen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:24
  12. Following the publication of the original article [1], the authors unfortunately became aware of some typesetting and resolution problems in Figs. 1 and 2.

    Authors: Dong Keon Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Giwoon Kim, Choung Ah. Lee, Hyung Jun Moon, Jaehoon Oh, Hae Chul Yang, Han Joo Choi, Young Taeck Oh and Seung Min Park
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:23

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:109

  13. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with high rates of long-term disability and mortality. Our aim was to investigate the effects of thoracic trauma on the in-hospital course and outcome of patients wit...

    Authors: Mark Schieren, Frank Wappler, Arasch Wafaisade, Rolf Lefering, Samir G. Sakka, Jost Kaufmann, Hi-Jae Heiroth, Jerome Defosse and Andreas B. Böhmer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:21
  14. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and reduced quality of life. Most trauma-related research originates from trauma centres, and there are limited available data regarding the treatment of trauma patients th...

    Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Valdemar Vea Iversen, Ingrid Schrøder Hansen, Eirik Reierth and Torben Wisborg
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:20
  15. High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a key factor in survival with good overall quality of life after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Current evidence is predominantly based on studies conducted at lo...

    Authors: Alexander Egger, Maximilian Niederer, Katharina Tscherny, Josef Burger, Verena Fuhrmann, Calvin Kienbacher, Dominik Roth, Wolfgang Schreiber and Harald Herkner
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:19
  16. Many countries have centralized and dedicated trauma centres with high volumes of trauma patients. However, the volume-outcome relationship in severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15) remai...

    Authors: Charlie A. Sewalt, Eveline J. A. Wiegers, Fiona E. Lecky, Dennis den Hartog, Stephanie C. E. Schuit, Esmee Venema and Hester F. Lingsma
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:18
  17. In emergency medical services (EMSs), accurately predicting the severity of a patient’s medical condition is important for the early identification of those who are vulnerable and at high-risk. In this study, ...

    Authors: Da-Young Kang, Kyung-Jae Cho, Oyeon Kwon, Joon-myoung Kwon, Ki-Hyun Jeon, Hyunho Park, Yeha Lee, Jinsik Park and Byung-Hee Oh
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:17
  18. If transport under ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from an upper floor is indicated, the ideal CPR-method and evacuation route is unknown hitherto. We aimed to elaborate a strategy for evacuation o...

    Authors: Hendrik Drinhaus, Sebastian Nüsgen, Niels Adams, Wolfgang A. Wetsch and Thorsten Annecke
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:16
  19. To determine the prevalence and characteristics of prechiasmatic visual system injuries (VSI) among seriously injured patients with concomitant head trauma in Europe by means of a multinational...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jan Regelsberger, Manfred Westphal, Jakob Nüchtern and Rolf Lefering
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:15
  20. Autoresuscitation describes the return of spontaneous circulation after termination of resuscitation (TOR) following cardiac arrest (CA). We aimed to identify phenomena that may lead to autoresuscitation and t...

    Authors: Les Gordon, Mathieu Pasquier, Hermann Brugger and Peter Paal
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:14
  21. In Sweden the surgical surge capacity for mass casualty incidents (MCI) is managed by county councils within their dedicated budget. It is unclear whether healthcare budget constraints have affected the region...

    Authors: Magnus Blimark, Per Örtenwall, Hans Lönroth, Peter Mattsson, Kenneth D. Boffard and Yohan Robinson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:12
  22. Guidelines recommend endotracheal intubation in trauma patients with a Glasgow coma scale (GCS) < 9 because of the loss of airway reflexes and consequential risk of airway obstruction. However, in patients wit...

    Authors: Thomas C. Sauter, Katharina Rönz, Trevor Hirschi, Beat Lehmann, Christopher Hütt, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Martin Müller
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:11
  23. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine whether video laryngoscope (VL) compared with direct laryngoscope (DL) could reduce the occurrence of adverse events associated with tracheal ...

    Authors: Jia Jiang, Na Kang, Bo Li, An-Shi Wu and Fu-Shan Xue
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:10
  24. Resuscitative thoracotomy is a damage control procedure with an established role in the immediate treatment of patients in extremis or cardiac arrest secondary to cardiac tamponade however Its role in resuscit...

    Authors: Michael Hughes and Zane Perkins
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:9
  25. There is little published data investigating non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in the emergency department (ED). We assess here the accuracy of five non-invasive methods in detecting fluid responsiveness ...

    Authors: David McGregor, Shrey Sharma, Saksham Gupta, Shanaz Ahmed and Tim Harris
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:8
  26. Prehospital care has changed in recent decades. Advanced assessments and decisions are made early in the care chain. Patient assessments form the basis of a decision relating to prehospital treatment and the l...

    Authors: Kristoffer Wibring, Carl Magnusson, Christer Axelsson, Peter Lundgren, Johan Herlitz and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:7
  27. Nonspecific complaint (NSC) is a common presenting complaint in the emergency setting, especially in the elderly population. Individual studies have shown that it is associated with significant morbidity and m...

    Authors: Kirsi Kemp, Reija Mertanen, Mitja Lääperi, Leila Niemi-Murola, Lasse Lehtonen and Maaret Castren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:6
  28. Fibrinogen concentrate (FC) is frequently used to treat bleeding trauma patients, although the clinical effects are not well known. In this study we describe demographic and clinical outcome data in a cohort o...

    Authors: Lou M. Almskog, Ulf Hammar, Agneta Wikman, Anders Östlund, Jonas Svensson, Michael Wanecek and Anna Ågren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:5
  29. Disaster resilience is an essential personal characteristics of health rescue workers to respond to disasters in an effective manner, and maintain a state of adaptation after deployment. It is essential for di...

    Authors: Xiaorong MAO, Alice Yuen LOKE and Xiuying HU
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:4
  30. Therapeutic hypothermia has been recommended for eligible patients after cardiac arrest (CA) in order to improve outcomes. Up to now, several comparative observational studies have evaluated the combined use o...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Zhen Zhen, Jia Na, Qin Wang, Lu Gao and Yue Yuan
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:3
  31. The International Commission on Radiological Protection’s (ICRP) justification principles state that an examination is justified if the potential benefit outweighs the risk for radiation harm. Computer tomogra...

    Authors: Anna Bågenholm, Trond Dehli, Stig Eggen Hermansen, Kristian Bartnes, Marthe Larsen and Tor Ingebrigtsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:2
  32. According to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), the trigger words used by callers that are associated with cardiac arrest constitute a scientific knowledge gap. This study was design...

    Authors: Joonas Tamminen, Erik Lydén, Jan Kurki, Heini Huhtala, Antti Kämäräinen and Sanna Hoppu
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:1
  33. A factor-based coagulation management following major trauma is recommended as standard of care by the European Trauma Treatment Guidelines. However, concerns about the thromboembolic risk of this approach are...

    Authors: Anais L. Stein, Julian Rössler, Julia Braun, Kai Sprengel, Patrick E. Beeler, Donat R. Spahn, Alexander Kaserer and Philipp Stein
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:117
  34. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the most urgent and critical step in the rescue of patients with cardiac arrest. However, only about 10% of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to discharge. S...

    Authors: Mao Wang, Xiaoguang Lu, Ping Gong, Yilong Zhong, Dianbo Gong and Yi Song
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:116
  35. Several reports indicate gender disparities in health care provision. There is a well-documented male patient dominance in intensive care unit (ICU) admittance. It is not established if this difference reflect...

    Authors: Emma Larsson, Ann-Charlotte Lindström, Mikael Eriksson and Anders Oldner
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:115
  36. Educating lay public can significantly strengthen the Chain of Survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest. Schoolchildren are an accessible population for learning basic life support (BLS) and use of an aut...

    Authors: Vesna Borovnik Lesjak, Andrej Šorgo and Matej Strnad
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:114
  37. To date, the decision to set up therapeutic extra-corporeal life support (ECLS) in hypothermia-related cardiac arrest is based on the potassium value only. However, no information is available about how the an...

    Authors: M. Pasquier, M. Blancher, S. Buse, B. Boussat, G. Debaty, M. Kirsch, M. de Riedmatten, P. Schoettker, T. Annecke and P. Bouzat
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:113
  38. In Europe, survival rates after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) vary widely. Presence/absence and differences in implementation of systems dispatching First Responders (FR) in order to arrive before Emer...

    Authors: Iris Oving, Siobhan Masterson, Ingvild B.M. Tjelmeland, Martin Jonsson, Federico Semeraro, Mattias Ringh, Anatolij Truhlar, Diana Cimpoesu, Fredrik Folke, Stefanie G. Beesems, Rudolph W. Koster, Hanno L. Tan and Marieke T. Blom
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:112
  39. The national early warning score (NEWS) enables early detection of in-hospital patient deterioration and timely activation of hospital’s rapid response team (RRT). NEWS was updated in 2017 to include a separat...

    Authors: Joonas Tirkkonen, Sari Karlsson and Markus B. Skrifvars
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:111
  40. Time-saving is constantly sought after in the Emergency Department (ED), and Point-of-Care (POC) testing has been shown to be an effective time-saving intervention. However, when direct costs are compared, the...

    Authors: Lara Nicole Goldstein, Mike Wells and Craig Vincent-Lambert
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:110
  41. The 2015 AHA guidelines recommend that amiodarone should be used for patients with refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). However, the optimal time interval between the incoming call and amiodarone adminis...

    Authors: Dong Keon Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Giwoon Kim, Choung Ah. Lee, Hyung Jun Moon, Jaehoon Oh, Hae Chul Yang, Han Joo Choi, Young Taeck Oh and Seung Min Park
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:109

    The Correction to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:23

  42. Treatment of blunt splenic injury has changed over the past decades. Nonoperative management (NOM) is the treatment of choice. Adequate patient selection is a prerequisite for successful NOM. Impaired mental s...

    Authors: Michel Teuben, Roy Spijkerman, Taco Blokhuis, Roman Pfeifer, Henrik Teuber, Hans-Christoph Pape and Luke Leenen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:108
  43. The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some important biases in a recently published Article. We agreed with the notion by Yamamoto et al. that the effects of epinephrine regarding was limited with...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki and Toshikazu Abe
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:107
  44. Considering the significant morbidity and mortality of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, only little data on survival or quality of life after successful resuscitation is available in Europe. Additionally, econo...

    Authors: Raphael Ruch, Laura Stoessel, Philipp Stein, Michael Thomas Ganter and Daniel Anthony Button
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:106
  45. Accidental hypothermia (AH) is defined as an involuntary decrease in core body temperature to < 35 °C. The management of AH has been progressing over the last few decades, and numerous techniques for rewarming...

    Authors: Makoto Watanabe, Tasuku Matsuyama, Sachiko Morita, Naoki Ehara, Nobuyoshi Miyamae, Yohei Okada, Takaaki Jo, Yasuyuki Sumida, Nobunaga Okada, Masahiro Nozawa, Ayumu Tsuruoka, Yoshihiro Fujimoto, Yoshiki Okumura, Tetsuhisa Kitamura and Bon Ohta
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:105
  46. Tourniquet is the most widely used and effective first-aid equipment for controlling hemorrhage of injured limb in battlefield. However, time-out application of tourniquets leads to ischemic-necrosis of skelet...

    Authors: Changmei Weng, Kai Lan, Tao Li, Liangchao Zhang, Jianmin Wang and Xinan Lai
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:104
  47. Severe accidental hypothermia (AH) is life threatening. Thus, prognostic prediction in AH is essential to rapidly initiate intensive care. Several studies on prognostic factors for AH are known, but none have ...

    Authors: Kenji Kandori, Yohei Okada, Tasuku Matsuyama, Sachiko Morita, Naoki Ehara, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Takaaki Jo, Yasuyuki Sumida, Nobunaga Okada, Makoto Watanabe, Masahiro Nozawa, Ayumu Tsuruoka, Yoshihiro Fujimoto, Yoshiki Okumura, Tetsuhisa Kitamura and Ryoji Iiduka
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:103
  48. Coma of unknown etiology (CUE) is a major challenge in emergency medicine. CUE is caused by a wide variety of pathologies that require immediate and targeted treatment. However, there is little empirical data ...

    Authors: Wolf Ulrich Schmidt, Christoph J. Ploner, Maximilian Lutz, Martin Möckel, Tobias Lindner and Mischa Braun
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:101

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