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  1. Original research

    The Anticoagulated trauma patient in the age of the direct oral anticoagulants: a Canadian perspective

    The anticoagulated trauma patient presents a particular challenge to the critical care physician. Our understanding of these patients is defined and extrapolated by experience with patients on warfarin pre-inj...

    Brendan Wood, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Michelle Sholzberg, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips and Alun D. Ackery

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:76

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Exploring how nurses assess, monitor and manage acute pain for adult critically ill patients in the emergency department: protocol for a mixed methods study

    Many critically ill patients experience moderate to severe acute pain that is frequently undetected and/or undertreated. Acute pain in this patient cohort not only derives from their injury and/or illness, but...

    Wayne Varndell, Margaret Fry and Doug Elliott

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:75

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  3. Original research

    Computed tomography during initial management and mortality among hemodynamically unstable blunt trauma patients: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

    Although many hemodynamically unstable trauma patients undergo computed tomography (CT) to identify a source of bleeding, this practice is currently only recommended by a few guidelines. To clarify whether CT ...

    Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi and Shunichi Fukuhara

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:74

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  4. Review

    A patient-safety and professional perspective on non-conveyance in ambulance care: a systematic review

    This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyanc...

    Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet, Renate F. Speijers, Nico W. Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen and Sivera A.A. Berben

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:71

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  5. Original research

    The use of non-uniform drowning terminology: a follow-up study

    In 2002, the World Congress on Drowning developed a uniform definition for drowning. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of “non-uniform drowning terminology” (NUDT) and “non-uniform drowning ...

    Andrew C. Schmidt, Justin R. Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga, Matt S. Davison, Ryan J. Zeigler and Sean J. McAlister

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:72

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  6. Case report

    Swedish-Norwegian co-operation in the treatment of three hypothermia victims: a case report

    Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destina...

    Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K. Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson and Alexander Wahba

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:73

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  7. Original research

    Demographic and clinical characteristics of carbon monoxide poisoning: nationwide data between 1999 and 2012 in Taiwan

    Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is not uncommon, but nationwide epidemiological data are limited. We conducted a study in Taiwan to fill the data gaps.

    Chien-Cheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su and How-Ran Guo

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:70

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  8. Original research

    Serum lactate is an independent predictor of hospital mortality in critically ill patients in the emergency department: a retrospective study

    Elevated lactate has been found to be associated with a higher mortality in a diverse patient population. The aim of the study is to investigate if initial serum lactate level is independently associated with ...

    Ralphe Bou Chebl, Christopher El Khuri, Ali Shami, Eva Rajha, Nagham Faris, Rana Bachir and Gilbert Abou Dagher

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:69

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  9. Original research

    National consensus on communication in prehospital trauma care, the DENIM study

    In the Netherlands prehospital trauma care is provided by emergency medical services (EMS) nurses. This care is extended by Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (P-HEMS) for the more severel...

    Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Leo Maria George Geeraedts Jr., Georgios Fredericus Giannakopoulos, Maartje Terra, Herman M. T. Christiaans, Lidwine Brigitta Mokkink and Frank Willem Bloemers

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:67

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  10. Original research

    Hypothermia induced alteration of repolarization - impact on acute and long-term outcome: a prospective cohort study

    The effects of target temperature management (TTM) on the heart aren’t thoroughly studied yet. Several studies showed the prolongation of various ECG parameters including Tpeak-Tend-time under TTM. Our study’s...

    Sophie von Ulmenstein, Christian Storm, Thomas G. K. Breuer, Sebastian Lask, Philipp Attanasio, Andreas Mügge and Alexander Wutzler

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:68

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  11. Case report

    Controlled automated reperfusion of the whole body after 120 minutes of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: first clinical report

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with a high mortality rate. Furthermore, the few survivors often have severe, persistent cerebral dysfunction. A potential cause for this unsatisfactory outcom...

    Georg Trummer, Alexander Supady, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Christian Scherer, Tobias Wengenmayer, Markus Umhau and Christoph Benk

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:66

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  12. Original research

    Effect of dextran-70 on outcome in severe sepsis; a propensity-score matching study

    Albumin may be beneficial in patients with septic shock but availability is limited and cost is high. The objective of the present study was to investigate if the use of dextran-70 in addition to albumin and c...

    Peter Bentzer, Marcus Broman and Thomas Kander

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:65

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  13. Original research

    Anatomical landmarks for safely implementing resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in zone 1 without fluoroscopy

    Resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can maintain hemodynamic stability during hemorrhagic shock after a following torso injury, although inappropriate balloon placement may induce brain or vis...

    Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi and Ryoji Iiduka

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:63

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  14. Case Report

    Two cases of low birth weight infant survival by prehospital emergency hysterotomy

    During maternal cardiac arrest, emergency hysterotomy (EH) is recommended after four minutes of resuscitation, if no signs of spontaneous circulation are detected. This extreme procedure is believed to be pote...

    Miretta Tommila, Mikko Pystynen, Hanna Soukka, Fatih Aydin and Matias Rantanen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:62

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  15. Original research

    Mortality due to traumatic spinal cord injuries in Europe: a cross-sectional and pooled analysis of population-wide data from 22 countries

    Traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI) pose a significant burden globally, while existing epidemiological data–especially on population mortality–are limited. The aim of this study was to calculate the age-stan...

    Marek Majdan, Dominika Plancikova, Eva Nemcovska, Lenka Krajcovicova, Alexandra Brazinova and Martin Rusnak

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:64

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  16. Original research

    Risk score to predict false-positive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the emergency department: a retrospective analysis

    The best treatment approach for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, some patients show ST elevation on electrocardiography (E...

    Ji Hoon Kim, Yun Ho Roh, Yoo Seok Park, Joon Min Park, Bo Young Joung, In Cheol Park, Sung Phil Chung and Min Joung Kim

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:61

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  17. Letter to the Editor

    Ultrasonography helps emergency physician identify the best lumbar puncture site under the conus medullaris

    Ultrasonography – assisted lumbar puncture helps physicians identify traditional anatomical landmarks. However, it could help to overcome the anatomical dogmas and thus identify the best interspinous space und...

    Line Dussourd, Batistin Martinon, Clara Candille, Carole Paquier, Claire Wintenberger, Perrine Dumanoir, Anais Plazanet, Damien Viglino and Maxime Maignan

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:60

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  18. Original research

    Performance of point-of-care international normalized ratio measurement to diagnose trauma-induced coagulopathy

    Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a common feature after severe trauma. Detection of TIC is based upon classic coagulation tests including international normalized ratio (INR) value. Point-of-care (POC) dev...

    Thomas Mistral, Yvonnick Boué, Jean-Luc Bosson, Pauline Manhes, Jules Greze, Julien Brun, Pierre Albaladejo, Jean-François Payen and Pierre Bouzat

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:59

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  19. Original research

    Community first responders and responder schemes in the United Kingdom: systematic scoping review

    Community First Responder (CFR) schemes support lay people to respond to medical emergencies, working closely with ambulance services. They operate widely in the UK. There has been no previous review of UK lit...

    Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Orner and A. Niroshan Siriwardena

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:58

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  20. Original research

    Comparison of transportation related injury mechanisms and outcome of young road users and adult road users, a retrospective analysis on 24,373 patients derived from the TraumaRegister DGU®

    Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a h...

    Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon and Paola Koenen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:57

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  21. Original research

    Poor performance of quick-SOFA (qSOFA) score in predicting severe sepsis and mortality – a prospective study of patients admitted with infection to the emergency department

    We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of qSOFA as a risk stratification tool for patients admitted with infection compared to traditional SIRS criteria or our triage system; the Rapid Emergency Triage a...

    Åsa Askim, Florentin Moser, Lise T. Gustad, Helga Stene, Maren Gundersen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Jostein Dale, Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Jan Kristian Damås and Erik Solligård

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:56

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  22. Original research

    The danish regions pediatric triage model has a limited ability to detect both critically ill children as well as children to be sent home without treatment – a study of diagnostic accuracy

    The Danish Regions Pediatric Triage model (DRPT) was introduced in 2012 and subsequent implemented in most Danish acute pediatric departments. The aim was to evaluate the validity of DRPT as a screening tool t...

    Lotte Høeg Hansen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Lena Wittenhoff and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:55

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  23. Original research

    The golden hour of acute ischemic stroke

    Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) treatment has been revolutionised in the last two decades with the increasing use of Intravenous Thrombolysis (IVT) and with the advent of Endovascular therapy (EVT). AIS treatment ...

    Rajiv Advani, Halvor Naess and Martin W. Kurz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:54

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  24. Original research

    Pre-hospital triage performance after standardized trauma courses

    The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in ...

    Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson and Tore Vikström

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:53

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  25. Original research

    Under-triage in telephone consultation is related to non-normative symptom description and interpersonal communication: a mixed methods study

    Telephone consultation and triage are used to limit the workload on emergency departments. Lack of visual cues and clinical tests put telephone consultations to a disadvantage compared to face-to-face consulta...

    Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Freddy K. Lippert and Ingrid Egerod

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:52

    Published on: 15 May 2017

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