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  1. Content type: Original research

    Intraosseous (IO) access is a recommended method when venous access cannot be rapidly established in an emergency. Experimental data suggest that major hemorrhage and catecholamine administration both reduce b...

    Authors: Mats Eriksson, Anders Larsson, Miklós Lipcsey and Gunnar Strandberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:29

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  2. Content type: Original research

    The outcome of status epilepticus (SE) can be improved by facilitating early recognition and treatment with antiepileptic drugs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the treatment delay of SE in a prospect...

    Authors: Joni J. Sairanen, Anne-Mari Kantanen, Harri T. Hyppölä and Reetta K. Kälviäinen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:28

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  3. Content type: Original research

    No consensus based national standard for interhospital transports of critically ill patients exists in Norway. The local hospitals are responsible for funding, organizing and performing these transports, resul...

    Authors: Helge Eiding, Ulf E. Kongsgaard and Anne-Cathrine Braarud

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:27

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  4. Content type: Original research

    In France, while most babies are delivered at hospital, emergency medical services (EMS) weekly manage calls for unplanned out-of-hospital births. The objective of our study was to describe neonatal morbidity ...

    Authors: François Javaudin, Valérie Hamel, Arnaud Legrand, Sybille Goddet, François Templier, Christine Potiron, Philippe Pes, Gilles Bagou and Emmanuel Montassier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:26

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  5. Content type: Original research

    Acute coagulopathy is a well-known predictor of poor outcomes in patients with severe trauma. However, using coagulation and fibrinolytic markers, how one can best predict mortality to find out potential candi...

    Authors: Kenta Ishii, Takahiro Kinoshita, Kazutaka Kiridume, Atsushi Watanabe, Kazuma Yamakawa, Shota Nakao, Satoshi Fujimi and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:25

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Airway management and use of intravenous anaesthetics to facilitate tracheal intubation after major trauma remains controversial. Numerous agents are available and used for pre-hospital rapid-sequence inductio...

    Authors: Arasch Wafaisade, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Matthias Helm, Matthias Ruppert and Michael Gäßler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:23

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  7. Content type: Case report

    We describe a case where inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) was successfully initiated during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a younger patient with cardiac arrest related to pulmonary hypertension after dissem...

    Authors: Per P. Bredmose, Christian Buskop and Anne Birthe Lømo

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:22

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  8. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report a strategy to reduce time waiting for emergency calls in a dispatch center, in line with a recently published article that reviewed evidence for medical dispa...

    Authors: Yann Penverne, Michel Terré, François Javaudin, Joël Jenvrin, Frédéric Berthier, Julien Labady, Brice Leclere and Emmanuel Montassier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:21

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Emergency airway management (AM) is a major key for successful resuscitation of critically ill non-traumatic (CINT) patients. Details of the AM of these patients in German emergency departments (ED) are unknow...

    Authors: Michael Bernhard, Sönke Nils Bax, Thomas Hartwig, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Sirak Petros, Sven Bercker, Alexandra Ramshorn-Zimmer and André Gries

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:20

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  10. Content type: Review

    In bacteremia the majority of bacterial species are killed by oxidation on the surface of erythrocytes and digested by local phagocytes in the liver and the spleen. Sepsis-causing bacteria overcome this mechan...

    Authors: Hayk Minasyan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:19

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that ...

    Authors: Helen Fagerlind, Lara Harvey, Stefan Candefjord, Johan Davidsson and Julie Brown

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:18

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Human external cargo (HEC) extrication during helicopter rescue missions is commonly used in mountain emergency medical services. Furthermore, longline or winch operations offer the opportunity to deliver prof...

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Giacomo Strapazzon, Dimitri Ambühl, Volker Lischke, Simon Rauch and Jürgen Knapp

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:17

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Little evidence suggest that female gender is associated with a lower risk of mortality in severely injured patients, especially in premenopausal women. Previous clinical studies have shown contradictory resul...

    Authors: M. Pape, G. F. Giannakópoulos, W. P. Zuidema, E. S. M. de Lange-Klerk, E. J. Toor, M. J. R. Edwards, M. H. J. Verhofstad, T. N. Tromp, E. M. M. van Lieshout, F. W. Bloemers and L. M. G. Geeraedts

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:16

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Intravenous access in critically ill and injured patients can be difficult or impossible in the field. Intraosseous access is a well-established alternative to achieve access to a noncollapsible vascular netwo...

    Authors: Renate Sørgjerd, Geir Arne Sunde and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:15

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    We read the article “Risks and benefits of hypotensive resuscitation in patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock: a meta-analysis” by Natthida Owattanapanich et al. with great interest and found it to be insi...

    Authors: Kai-Hung Ho, Yih-Wen Tarng, Yi-Pin Chou and Hsing-Lin Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:14

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  16. Content type: Original research

    A high number of denied or cancelled HEMS missions are caused by poor weather conditions especially during winter season. Furthermore, many helicopter manufacturers have denied their helicopters to be operated...

    Authors: Ilkka Pulkkinen, Jari Pirnes, Ari Rissanen and Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:13

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  17. Content type: Original research

    Training in teamwork behaviour improves technical resuscitation performance. However, its effect on patient outcome is less clear, partly because teamwork behaviour is difficult to measure. Furthermore, it is ...

    Authors: Julia Freytag, Fabian Stroben, Wolf E. Hautz, Stefan K. Schauber and Juliane E. Kämmer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:12

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  18. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital acute pain is a frequent symptom that is often inadequately managed. The concerns of opioid induced side effects are well-founded. To ensure patient safety, ambulance personnel are therefore provid...

    Authors: Kristian D. Friesgaard, Hans Kirkegaard, Claus-Henrik Rasmussen, Matthias Giebner, Erika F. Christensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:11

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  19. Content type: Original research

    Hand hygiene (HH), a cornerstone in infection prevention and control, lacks quality in emergency medical services (EMS). HH improvement includes both individual and institutional aspects, but little is known a...

    Authors: Heidi Storm Vikke, Svend Vittinghus, Martin Betzer, Matthias Giebner, Hans Jørn Kolmos, Karen Smith, Maaret Castrén, Veronica Lindström, Marja Mäkinen, Heini Harve and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:10

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) are likely to benefit from effective prehospital care to prevent secondary brain injury. Only a few studies have focused on the impact of advanced interventi...

    Authors: Toni Pakkanen, Jouni Nurmi, Heini Huhtala and Tom Silfvast

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:9

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Studies on penetrating injuries in Europe are scarce and often represent data from single institutions. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and demographic features of patients hospitalized for...

    Authors: Una Johannesdottir, Gudrun Maria Jonsdottir, Bergros K. Johannesdottir, Alexandra Aldis Heimisdottir, Elias Eythorsson, Tomas Gudbjartsson and Brynjolfur Mogensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:7

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  22. Content type: Guideline

    Effective and timely airway management is a priority for sick and injured patients. The benefit and conduct of pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) and advanced airway management remains controversial but...

    Authors: Kate Crewdson, David Lockey, Wolfgang Voelckel, Peter Temesvari and Hans Morten Lossius

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:6

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Avalanche emergency response should address current accident scenarios to optimize survival chances of victims and to keep rescuers safe. The purpose of this article is to present a basis for evaluation and ne...

    Authors: Albert Lunde and Christen Tellefsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:5

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  24. Content type: Original research

    The long-term treatment trends of splenic injuries can provide guidance when treating trauma patients. The nonoperative management (NOM) of splenic injuries was introduced in early 1989. After decades of devel...

    Authors: Chien-An Liao, Yu-Tung Wu, Chien-Hung Liao, Shang-Yu Wang, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Shao-Wei Chen, Ching-Chang Chen, An-Hsun Chou and Chi-Tung Cheng

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:4

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability with effective treatment, including thrombolysis or thrombectomy, being time-critical for favourable outcomes. While door-to-needle time in hospital has been o...

    Authors: Nicolas Drenck, Søren Viereck, Josefine Stokholm Bækgaard, Karl Bang Christensen, Freddy Lippert and Fredrik Folke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:3

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  26. Content type: Original research

    The provision of safe, high quality healthcare in the Emergency Department (ED) requires frontline healthcare personnel with sufficient competence in clinical leadership. However, healthcare education curricul...

    Authors: Sissel Eikeland Husebø and Øystein Evjen Olsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:2

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Deficient non-technical skills (NTS) among providers of critical care in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) is a threat to patient and operational safety. Skills can be improved through simulation-ba...

    Authors: Kristen Rasmussen, Henrik Langdalen, Stephen J. M. Sollid, Eirik Bjorheim Abrahamsen, Leif Inge K. Sørskår, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik and Håkon B. Abrahamsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:1

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  28. Content type: Original research

    In patients who call for the emergency medical service (EMS), there is a knowledge gap with regard to the final assessment after arriving at hospital and its association with field assessment.

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Christer Axelsson, Lena Nilsson, Anneli Strömsöe, Monica Munters, Johan Herlitz and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:111

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  29. Content type: Original research

    The technique of tube thoracostomy has been standardized for years without significant updates. Alternative procedural methods may be beneficial in certain prehospital and inpatient environments with limited r...

    Authors: Byron C. Drumheller, Anthony Basel, Sakib Adnan, Joseph Rabin, Jason D. Pasley, Jason Brocker and Samuel M. Galvagno Jr

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:110

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  30. Content type: Original research

    H2S can also protect nerve cells. The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptors, tyrosine prot...

    Authors: Jiyan Lin, Weicheng Wu, Zhihong Xu, Siyao Liu, Wang Lu and Mandong Pan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:109

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Cardiac arrest is more common in men than women and a few studies have shown inferior 30-day survival for men than for women. The difference might relate to patient characteristics, intra arrest factors or pos...

    Authors: Angelika Qvick, Manar Radif, Caroline Brever, Jenny Olsson Myrvik, Karin Schenk Gustafsson and Therese Djärv

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:108

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Damage control strategies play an important role in trauma patient management. One such strategy, hypotensive resuscitation, is being increasingly employed. Although several randomized controlled trials have r...

    Authors: Natthida Owattanapanich, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Thoetphum Benyakorn and Jatuporn Sirikun

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:107

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  33. Content type: Review

    We systematically reviewed the literature to investigate whether gasping could predict short and long outcomes in patients with out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

    Authors: Qiang Zhang, Bo Liu, Zhijiang Qi and Chunsheng Li

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:106

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in severe burns and can lead to significantly poorer outcomes. Although the prognosis has improved in recent decades, the mortality of AKI remains considerabl...

    Authors: I. Rakkolainen, J. V. Lindbohm and J. Vuola

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:105

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  35. Content type: Original research

    Monitoring cardiac output (CO) in shocked patients provides key etiological information and can be used to guide fluid resuscitation to improve patient outcomes. Previously this relied on invasive monitoring, ...

    Authors: Benjamin Mothibe Bussmann, William Hulme, Andrew Tang and Tim Harris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:104

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Severe intoxication with carbon monoxide (CO) is extremely lethal and causes numerous deaths due to cardiac or respiratory failure. Conventional intensive treatment may not be sufficient. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Carsten Simonsen, Sigridur O. Magnusdottir, Jan J. Andreasen, Marianne Cathrine Rohde and Benedict Kjærgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:103

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Head injury and exsanguination are the leading causes of death in trauma patients. Hemorrhagic shock triggers systemic endothelial glycocalyx breakdown, potentially leading to traumatic endotheliopathy (EoT). ...

    Authors: Erika Gonzalez Rodriguez, Jessica C. Cardenas, Charles S. Cox, Ryan S. Kitagawa, Jakob Stensballe, John B. Holcomb, Pär I. Johansson and Charles E. Wade

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:102

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  38. Content type: Editorial

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:101

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:57

  39. Content type: Original research

    Major haemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality following major trauma. Increasingly, Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) in the United Kingdom provide pre-hospital transfusion with blood products, ...

    Authors: J. E. Griggs, J. Jeyanathan, M. Joy, M. Q. Russell, N. Durge, D. Bootland, S. Dunn, E. D. Sausmarez, G. Wareham, A. Weaver and R. M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:100

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  40. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:99

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:60

  41. Content type: Original research

    Patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) as initial cardiac rhythm are not always treated in intensive care units (ICUs): some are admitted to h...

    Authors: Sini SAARINEN, Ari SALO, James BOYD, Päivi LAUKKANEN-NEVALA, Catharina SILFVAST, Ilkka VIRKKUNEN and Tom SILFVAST

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:98

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  42. Content type: Original research

    This study was performed to gain insights into novel therapeutic approaches for acute systemic inflammation in heatstroke. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) secrete anti-inflammatory proteins and ...

    Authors: Yutaka Umemura, Hiroshi Ogura, Hiroshi Matsuura, Takeshi Ebihara, Kentaro Shimizu and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:97

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Training lay rescuers in Basic Life Support (BLS) is essential to improve bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates; in addition, simple methods are needed to provide feedback on CPR performance. Thi...

    Authors: Johanna van Dawen, Lina Vogt, Hanna Schröder, Rolf Rossaint, Lina Henze, Stefan K. Beckers and Saša Sopka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:96

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  44. Content type: Original research

    Measures to improve the accuracy of determining survival and intensive care unit (ICU) admission using the International Classification of Injury Severity Score (ICISS) are not often conducted on a population-...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Mitchell, Hsuen P. Ting, Tim Driscoll and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:95

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  45. Content type: Review

    It is a challenge to dispatch Emergency medical Services (EMS) appropriately with limited resources and maintaining patient safety; this requires accurate dispatching systems. The objective of the current syst...

    Authors: K. Bohm and L. Kurland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:94

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  46. Content type: Original research

    In the initial hours after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), it remains difficult to estimate whether the degree of post-ischemic brain damage will be compatible with long-term good neurological outcome. ...

    Authors: Ward Eertmans, Thao Mai Phuong Tran, Cornelia Genbrugge, Laurens Peene, Dieter Mesotten, Jo Dens, Frank Jans and Cathy De Deyne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:93

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  47. Content type: Original research

    Working in the emergency medical service (EMS) can be extremely varying and sometimes physically and psychologically demanding. Being new in this context can be a great challenge. This study aim to describe wh...

    Authors: Anna Hörberg, Susanne Kalén, Maria Jirwe, Max Scheja and Veronica Lindström

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:92

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  48. Content type: Original research

    Not all patients where an ambulance is dispatched are conveyed to an emergency department. Although non-conveyance is a substantial part of ambulance care, there is limited insight in the non-conveyance patien...

    Authors: Lilian C. M. Vloet, Arjan de Kreek, Emmelieke M. C. van der Linden, Jori J. A. van Spijk, Vince A. H. Theunissen, Maud van Wanrooij, Pierre M. van Grunsven and Remco H. A. Ebben

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:91

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  49. Content type: Review

    Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury to the carotid and/or vertebral artery that may cause stroke in trauma patients. Historically BCVI has been considered rare but more recent publi...

    Authors: Tor Brommeland, Eirik Helseth, Mads Aarhus, Kent Gøran Moen, Stig Dyrskog, Bo Bergholt, Zandra Olivecrona and Elisabeth Jeppesen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:90

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