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  1. Content type: Original research

    Recently, the concept of sepsis was redefined by an international task force. This international task force of experts recommended using the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) criteria instead o...

    Authors: Jianjun Jiang, Jin Yang, Jing Mei, Yongmei Jin and Youjin Lu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:56

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  2. Content type: Original research

    The relationship between fibrinogen concentration and traumatic death has been poorly explored after severe trauma. Existing studies analysed this relationship in unselected trauma population, often considerin...

    Authors: Pierre Bouzat, François-Xavier Ageron, Jonathan Charbit, Xavier Bobbia, Pauline Deras, Jennifer Bas Dit Nugues, Etienne Escudier, Guillaume Marcotte, Marc Leone and Jean-Stéphane David

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:55

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Avalanche rescues mostly rely on helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) and include technical rescue and complex medical situations under difficult conditions. The adequacy of avalanche victim management...

    Authors: Alexandre Kottmann, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Lorenz Theiler, Roland Albrecht, Mario Tissi and Mathieu Pasquier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:54

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Acute pain is a frequent symptom, but little is known about the frequency and causes of acute pain in the prehospital population. The objectives of this study were to investigate the frequency of moderate to s...

    Authors: Kristian D. Friesgaard, Ingunn S. Riddervold, Hans Kirkegaard, Erika F. Christensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:53

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  5. Content type: Original research

    Globally, armed conflict is a major contributor to mortality and morbidity. The treatment of war-associated injuries is largely experience-based. Evidence is weak due to difficulty in conducting medical resear...

    Authors: Andreas Älgå, Karin Karlow Herzog, Murad Alrawashdeh, Sidney Wong, Hamidreza Khankeh and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:52

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  6. Content type: Review

    In 2011, the role of Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) was defined as one of the top five research priorities in physician-provided prehospital critical care and future research topics were proposed; the feasib...

    Authors: Morten Thingemann Bøtker, Lars Jacobsen, Søren Steemann Rudolph and Lars Knudsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:51

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  7. Content type: Original research

    In head trauma cases involving antiplatelet agent treatment, the French Society of Emergency Medicine recommends performing computed tomography (CT) scans to detect brain lesions, 90% of which are normal. The ...

    Authors: Farès Moustafa, Jean Roubin, Bruno Pereira, Alain Barres, Jennifer Saint-Denis, Christophe Perrier, Marine Mondet, Frederic Dutheil and Jeannot Schmidt

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:50

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  8. Content type: Original research

    In the prehospital situation, the diagnostic armamentarium available to the rescue physician is limited. Emergency ultrasound has proven to be a useful diagnostic tool, providing crucial information for the ma...

    Authors: Maximilian Scharonow and Christian Weilbach

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:49

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  9. Content type: Original research

    The prehospital research field has focused on studying patient survival in cardiac arrest, as well as acute coronary syndrome, stroke, and trauma. There is little known about the overall short-term mortality a...

    Authors: Marko Hoikka, Tom Silfvast and Tero I. Ala-Kokko

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:48

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  10. Content type: Original research

    Early identification of lactate levels may have a large impact on triage classification and assist in identifying critically ill patients. A handheld device provides a rapid and timesaving measurement of lacta...

    Authors: David Stoll, Erling Englund, Helene Hillborg, Stefan Vedin and Agneta Larsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:47

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital advanced airway management with oxygenation and ventilation may be vital for managing critically ill or injured patients. To improve pre-hospital critical care and develop evidence-based guideline...

    Authors: G. A. Sunde, A. Kottmann, J. K. Heltne, M. Sandberg, M. Gellerfors, A. Krüger, D. Lockey and S. J. M. Sollid

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:46

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Poor communication during patient handover is recognised internationally as a root cause of a significant proportion of preventable deaths. Improving the accuracy and quality of handover may reduce associated ...

    Authors: David Fitzpatrick, Michael McKenna, Edward A. S. Duncan, Colville Laird, Richard Lyon and Alasdair Corfield

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:45

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  13. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this study was to assess outcome in long-term quality of life (QoL) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adult survivors of trauma. Secondary aim was to compare levels of the outcome with...

    Authors: F. B. Danielsson, M. Schultz Larsen, B. Nørgaard and J. M. Lauritsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:44

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Electrical injuries represent life-threatening emergencies. Evidence on differences between high (HVI) and low voltage injuries (LVI) regarding characteristics at presentation, rhabdomyolysis markers, surgical...

    Authors: Jochen Gille, Thomas Schmidt, Adrian Dragu, Dimitri Emich, Peter Hilbert-Carius, Thomas Kremer, Thomas Raff, Beate Reichelt, Apostolos Siafliakis, Frank Siemers, Michael Steen and Manuel F. Struck

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:43

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Helicopter emergency medical services are important in many health care systems. Norway has a nationwide physician manned air ambulance service servicing a country with large geographical variations in populat...

    Authors: Jo Røislien, Pieter L. van den Berg, Thomas Lindner, Erik Zakariassen, Oddvar Uleberg, Karen Aardal and J. Theresia van Essen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:42

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  16. Content type: Original research

    Nerve lesions are well known reasons for reduced functional capacity and diminished quality of life. By now only a few epidemiological studies focus on lower extremity trauma related nerve injuries. This study...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jakob Nüchtern, Jan Regelsberger, Mathias Gelderblom and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:40

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  17. Content type: Original research

    In Finland, hospital districts (HD) are required by law to determine the level and availability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for each 1-km2 sized area (cell) within their administrative area. The cells are...

    Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Mäntyselkä and Jouni Kurola

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:41

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  18. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In response to the review “Advanced airway management in hoist and longline operations in mountain HEMS - considerations in austere environments: a narrative review.” by Pietsch et al. we refer to recently pub...

    Authors: John Hollott

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:39

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  19. Content type: Original Research

    Myocardial infarction is a time-critical condition and its outcome is determined by appropriate emergency care. Thus we assessed the efficacy of a supra-regional ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STE...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Thomas Bayer, Wolfgang Schreiber, Wolfgang G. Voelckel and Lukas Fiedler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:38

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Variation in reported incidence and outcome based on aggregated data is a persistent feature of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) epidemiology.

    Authors: Siobhán Masterson, Anneli Strömsöe, John Cullinan, Conor Deasy and Akke Vellinga

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:37

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  21. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In this prospective, observational study we describe the incidence and characteristics of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases who received mechanical CPR, after the implementation of a mechanical CPR d...

    Authors: Simon Rauch, Giacomo Strapazzon, Monika Brodmann, Ernst Fop, Christian Masoner, Lydia Rauch, Alessandro Forti, Urs Pietsch, Peter Mair and Hermann Brugger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:36

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  22. Content type: Original research

    Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is a frequent medical condition, and some patients report long-lasting problems after MTBI. In order to prevent MTBI, knowledge of the epidemiology is important and potential...

    Authors: Toril Skandsen, Cathrine Elisabeth Einarsen, Ingunn Normann, Stine Bjøralt, Rune Hatlestad Karlsen, David McDonagh, Tom Lund Nilsen, Andreas Nylenna Akslen, Asta Kristine Håberg and Anne Vik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:34

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  23. Content type: Original research

    After severe polytrauma the dynamic process of coagulation may deteriorate towards a trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) promoting a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests that mi...

    Authors: Matthias Fröhlich, Nadine Schäfer, Michael Caspers, Julia K. Böhm, Ewa K. Stürmer, Bertil Bouillon and Marc Maegele

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:33

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Triage is a mainstay of early mass casualty incident (MCI) management. Standardized triage protocols aim at providing valid and reproducible results and, thus, improve triage quality. To date, there is little ...

    Authors: Michael S. Dittmar, Philipp Wolf, Marc Bigalke, Bernhard M. Graf and Torsten Birkholz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:35

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Experimental active compression-decompression (ACD) CPR is associated with increased haemodynamic outcomes compared to standard mechanical chest compressions. Since no clinically available mechanical chest com...

    Authors: Mikkel T. Steinberg, Jan-Aage Olsen, Morten Eriksen, Andres Neset, Per Andreas Norseng, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Bjarne Madsen Hardig and Lars Wik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:31

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  26. Content type: Original research

    No consensus exists in the literature on the use of uniform emergency room trauma team activation criteria (ERTTAC). Today excessive over- or undertriage rates continue to be a challenge for most trauma centre...

    Authors: Philipp Braken, Felix Amsler and Thomas Gross

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:32

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Trauma is a main cause of death among young adults worldwide. Patients experiencing a traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) certainly have a poor prognosis but population-based studies are sparse. Primarily to descri...

    Authors: T. Djarv, C. Axelsson, J. Herlitz, A. Stromsoe, J. Israelsson and A. Claesson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:30

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Preventing death is the most important outcome pursued in the Emergency Department. Prompt accurate assessment, followed by competent and efficient investigation and treatment is the recipe sought. Abnormal ph...

    Authors: Camilla Nørgaard Bech, Mikkel Brabrand, Søren Mikkelsen and Annmarie Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:29

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  29. Content type: Original research

    Survivors of trauma are at increased risk of dying after discharge. Studies have found that age, head injury, injury severity, falls and co-morbidities predict long-term mortality. The objective of our study w...

    Authors: Ting Hway Wong, Nivedita Vikas Nadkarni, Hai V. Nguyen, Gek Hsiang Lim, David Bruce Matchar, Dennis Chuen Chai Seow, Nicolas K. K. King and Marcus Eng Hock Ong

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:28

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Hospital at home (HaH) is an alternative to acute admission for elderly patients. It is unclear if should be cared for a primarily by a hospital intern specialist or by the patient’s own general practitioner (...

    Authors: Christian Backer Mogensen, Ejnar Skytte Ankersen, Mats J. Lindberg, Stig L. Hansen, Jørgen Solgaard, Pia Therkildsen and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:26

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Triage systems are used in emergency medical services to systematically prioritize prehospital resources according to individual patient conditions. Previous studies have shown cases of preventable deaths in e...

    Authors: Kasper Bonnesen, Kristian D. Friesgaard, Morten T. Boetker and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:25

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic spinal cord injury remains a serious public health and social problem. Although incidence rates are decreasing in our environment, it is a high cost condition that is associated with great disability...

    Authors: Enrique Bárbara-Bataller, José Luis Méndez-Suárez, Carolina Alemán-Sánchez, Jesús Sánchez-Enríquez and Manuel Sosa-Henríquez

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:27

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  33. Content type: Review

    Providing sufficient oxygenation and ventilation is of paramount importance for the survival of emergency patients. Therefore, advanced airway management is one of the core tasks for every rescue team. Endotra...

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Jürgen Knapp, Oliver Kreuzer, Ludwig Ney, Giacomo Strapazzon, Volker Lischke, Roland Albrecht, Patrick Phillips and Simon Rauch

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:23

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  34. Content type: Original research

    The interpretation of changes in injury-related mortality over time requires an understanding of changes in the incidence of the various types of injury, and adjustment for their severity. Our aim was to inves...

    Authors: Robert Larsen, Denise Bäckström, Mats Fredrikson, Ingrid Steinvall, Rolf Gedeborg and Folke Sjoberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:24

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  35. Content type: Review

    Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has remained low despite advances in resuscitation science. Hospital-based extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a novel use of an establis...

    Authors: Ben Singer, Joshua C. Reynolds, David J. Lockey and Ben O’Brien

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:21

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Trauma is a leading cause of death among adults aged < 44 years, and optimal care is a challenge. Evidence supports the centralization of trauma facilities and the use multidisciplinary trauma teams. Because k...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C. Primdahl, Christian A. Frederiksen, Christian B. Laursen, Erik Sloth, Ole Mølgaard, Lars Knudsen and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:22

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death among trauma patients. Patients under antithrombotic therapy (ATT) carry an increased risk for intracranial haematoma (ICH) formation. There is a pauc...

    Authors: Oliver Prexl, Martin Bruckbauer, Wolfgang Voelckel, Oliver Grottke, Martin Ponschab, Marc Maegele and Herbert Schöchl

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:20

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  38. Content type: Review

    The Utstein style for drowning (USFD) was published in 2003 with the aim of improving drowning research. To support a revision of the USFD, the current study aimed to generate an inventory of the use of the US...

    Authors: Allart M. Venema, Anthony R. Absalom, Ahamed H. Idris and Joost J. L. M. Bierens

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:19

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  39. Content type: Commentary

    Computed tomography (CT) embedded in the emergency room has gained importance in the early diagnostic phase of trauma care. In 2011, we implemented a new trauma workflow concept with a sliding CT scanner syste...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Yasushi Nakamori, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Masahiro Kawada, Hiromu Iwamura, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:17

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  40. Content type: Original research

    Deterioration of the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a protective carbohydrate-rich layer lining the luminal surface of the endothelium, plays a key role in vascular barrier dysfunction and eventually organ-fail...

    Authors: Alexandros Rovas, Alexander-Henrik Lukasz, Hans Vink, Marc Urban, Jan Sackarnd, Hermann Pavenstädt and Philipp Kümpers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:16

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  41. Content type: Original research

    During early treatment of haemorrhagic shock maintenance of cerebral and end-organ oxygen supply by fluid resuscitation is mandatory. Gelatin-polysuccinat (GP) recently regained attention despite a still uncle...

    Authors: Alexander Ziebart, Christian Möllmann, Andreas Garcia-Bardon, Jens Kamuf, Moritz Schäfer, Rainer Thomas and Erik K. Hartmann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:15

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to provide advanced life support in adult trauma patients remains a controversial issue now. The study was aimed at identifying the independent predictors of ho...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Pin-Li Chou, Tzu-I Wu and Pyng-Jing Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:14

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Community First Responders (CFRs) are lay volunteers who respond to medical emergencies. We aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of CFRs in one scheme about their role.

    Authors: Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Ørner and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:13

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  44. Content type: Original research

    Acutely admitted medical patients are often fragile and in risk of future surgery. The biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a predictor of readmission and mortality in the acut...

    Authors: Jeppe Meyer, Morten Alstrup, Line J. H. Rasmussen, Martin Schultz, Steen Ladelund, Thomas H. Haupt, Jens Tingleff, Kasper Iversen and Jesper Eugen-Olsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:11

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  45. Content type: Original research

    The formation of critical care teams is a complex process where team members need to get a shared understanding of a serious situation. No previous studies have focused on how this shared understanding is achi...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Johnny Lauridsen and Mikkel Brabrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:10

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  46. Content type: Original research

    Assessment of laypersons’ Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) skills is important to ensure acquisition of effective PBLS competencies. However limited evidence exists on which PBLS skills are essential for l...

    Authors: Asbjørn Børch Hasselager, Torsten Lauritsen, Tim Kristensen, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Claus Sønderskov, Doris Østergaard and Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:9

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  47. Content type: Original research

    Predicting case types that are unlikely to be treated by paramedics can aid in managing demand for emergency ambulances by identifying cases suitable for alternative management pathways. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Kathryn Eastwood, Amee Morgans, Johannes Stoelwinder and Karen Smith

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:8

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  48. Content type: Original research

    The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) released new guidelines on resuscitation in 2015. For the first time, the guidelines included a separate chapter on first aid for laypersons. We analysed the current ma...

    Authors: Theo Walther Jensen, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Søren Viereck, Jens Roland, Thomas Egesborg Pedersen and Freddy K. Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:7

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