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  1. Prehospital tracheal intubation (TI) is associated with increased mortality in patients with penetrating trauma, and the utility of prehospital advanced airway management is debated. The increased incidence of...

    Authors: Mattias Renberg, Martin Dahlberg, Mikael Gellerfors, Elham Rostami and Mattias Günther
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:85
  2. Prehospital analgesia is often required after traumatic injury, currently morphine is the strongest parenteral analgesia routinely available for use by paramedics in the United Kingdom (UK) when treating patie...

    Authors: F. Michelet, M. Smyth, R. Lall, H. Noordali, K. Starr, L. Berridge, J. Yeung, G. Fuller, S. Petrou, A. Walker, J. Mark, A. Canaway, K. Khan and G. D. Perkins
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:84
  3. Prehospital emergency care is complex and influenced by various factors, leading to the need for decision-support tools. Studies suggest that cognitive aids improve provider performance and patient outcomes in...

    Authors: Ieva Paliokaite, Zilvinas Dambrauskas, Paulius Dobozinskas, Evelina Pukenyte, Aida Mankute-Use and Dinas Vaitkaitis
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:83
  4. The study aimed to investigate whether a bystander’s emotional stress state affects dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The primary outcome was ...

    Authors: Rebecca Hvidt Tuffley, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg and Gitte Linderoth
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:82
  5. Checklists are a powerful tool for reduction of mortality and morbidity. Checklists structure complex processes in a reproducible manner, optimize team interaction, and prevent errors related to human factors....

    Authors: Helena Droege, Heiko Trentzsch, Alexandra Zech, Stephan Prückner and Sebastian Imach
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:81
  6. This experimental study was performed to evaluate the role of blended learning for technical skill teaching on the European Trauma Course (ETC). While online modules are extensively used for theoretical teachi...

    Authors: Elonka Bergmans, Alistair Billington and Karl-Christian Thies
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:80
  7. Volunteer First Responders are used worldwide. In the Region of Southern Denmark, two types of programs have been established. One of these programs consists of voluntary responders without any requirements of...

    Authors: Oliver Beierholm Sørensen, Louise Milling, Eva Laerkner, Søren Mikkelsen and Henriette Bruun
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:79
  8. Research in paramedicine faces challenges in developing research capacity, including access to high-quality data. A variety of unique factors in the paramedic work environment influence data quality. In other ...

    Authors: Neil McDonald, Nicola Little, Dean Kriellaars, Malcolm B. Doupe, Gordon Giesbrecht and Rob T. Pryce
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:78
  9. Caring for people who are ill or injured in pre-hospital environments is emotionally draining and physically demanding. This article focuses on the Psychosocial and Mental Health Programme commissioned by the ...

    Authors: Richard Williams, Verity Kemp, Jennifer Burgess, Esther Murray, Suzy Stokes, Andrew Wood, Samantha Batt-Rawden, Laura Bland and David Lockey
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:77
  10. Hemorrhage has always been the focus of battlefield and pre-hospitalization treatment. With the increasing fatality rates associated with junctional bleeding, treatment of bleeding at junctional sites has grad...

    Authors: Weihang Wu, Wangwu Liu, Nan Lin, Hu Zhao, Jin Yang, Zhi Ye, Weijin Yang, Yu Wang and Yongchao Fang
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:75
  11. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that contributes significantly to protracted hospitalisations globally. The unique positioning of paramedics and other emergency care cadres in emergency contexts enable ...

    Authors: Megan De Silva, William Chadwick and Navindhra Naidoo
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:74
  12. Authors: E. ter Avest, M. Kratz, T. Dill and M. Palmer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:73

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:36

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:23

  13. The work of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) teams crosses the boundaries of several high-risk occupations including medicine, aviation, and transport. Working conditions can be challenging and ope...

    Authors: C. Rose, E. ter Avest and R. M. Lyon
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:72
  14. Major incidents (MI) happen infrequently in Scandinavia and mass shootings are even less frequently occurring. Case reports and research are called for, as literature is scarce. On 3rd July 2022, a mass shooti...

    Authors: Peter Martin Hansen, Søren Mikkelsen, Henrik Alstrøm, Anders Damm-Hejmdal, Marius Rehn and Peter Anthony Berlac
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:71
  15. Fixed-wing air ambulances play an important role in healthcare in rural Iceland. More frequent use of helicopter ambulances has been suggested to shorten response times and increase equity in access to advance...

    Authors: Björn Gunnarsson, Kristrún María Björnsdóttir, Sveinbjörn Dúason and Ármann Ingólfsson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:70
  16. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is increasingly used. The recently published UK-REBOA trial aimed to investigate patients suffering haemorrhagic shock and randomized to standa...

    Authors: Jostein Rødseth Brede and Marius Rehn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:69
  17. Accidental hypothermia designates an unintentional drop in body temperature below 35 °C. There is a major risk of ventricular fibrillation below 28 °C and cardiac arrest is almost inevitable below 24 °C. In su...

    Authors: Tal Soumagnac, Jean-Herlé Raphalen, Wulfran Bougouin, Damien Vimpere, Hatem Ammar, Samraa Yahiaoui, Christelle Dagron, Kim An, Akshay Mungur, Pierre Carli, Alice Hutin and Lionel Lamhaut
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:68
  18. Authors: Sarper Yilmaz
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:66

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:47

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:40

  19. Most older adults with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) reach the emergency department via the ambulance service. Older adults, often with mild TBI symptoms, risk being under-triaged and facing poor outcomes. Th...

    Authors: J. W. Barrett, J. Williams, S. S. Skene, J. E. Griggs, D. Bootland, J. Leung, A. Da Costa, K. Ballantyne, R. Davies and R. M. Lyon
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:65
  20. Gunshot injury to the hand is severe trauma, requiring complicated reconstruction surgery for the damaged anatomic site to restore all the hand functions. The aim of this study was to show the example of the d...

    Authors: Serhii V. Tertyshnyi, Igor Lurin, Igor P. Khomenko, Kostiantyn V. Gumeniuk, Volodymyr Yu. Shapovalov, Volodymyr V. Nehoduiko, Maksym Gorobeiko and Andrii Dinets
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:64
  21. Autoresuscitation is the phenomenon of spontaneous return of circulation after cessation of CPR, also known as the Lazarus phenomenon. Most of the evidence is based on case reports and a few systematic reviews...

    Authors: Janina Pasierski, Gian-Reto Kleger and Paul Imboden
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:62
  22. Accidental hypothermia, recognized by core temperature below 35 °C, is a lethal condition with a mortality rate up to 25%. Hypothermia-induced cardiac dysfunction causing increased total peripheral resistance ...

    Authors: Anders Lund Selli, Mohammadreza Ghasemi, Taylor Watters, Francis Burton, Godfrey Smith and Erik Sveberg Dietrichs
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:61
  23. The presence of in-house attending trauma surgeons has improved efficiency of processes in the treatment of polytrauma patients. However, literature remains equivocal regarding the influence of the presence of...

    Authors: Karlijn J. P. van Wessem, Luke P. H. Leenen, R. Marijn Houwert, Kim E. M. Benders, Roger K. J. Simmermacher, Mark C. P. M. van Baal, Ivar G. J. M. de Bruin, Mirjam B. de Jong, Stefaan J. B. Nijs and Falco Hietbrink
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:60
  24. Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) inevitably causes significant physical, as well as psychological stress for rescuers. Physical activity at high altitude, a hypobaric and hypoxic environment, sim...

    Authors: Maximilian Niederer, Katharina Tscherny, Josef Burger, Bettina Wandl, Verena Fuhrmann, Calvin L. Kienbacher, Wolfgang Schreiber, Harald Herkner, Dominik Roth and Alexander Egger
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:59

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:99

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:92

  25. Helicopter emergency medical service provides timely care and rapid transport of severely injured or critically ill patients. Due to constructional or regulatory provisions at some hospitals, a remote helicopt...

    Authors: Dominik J. Hoechter, Bjarne Schmalbach, Merve Schmidt, Stephan Prueckner and Andreas Bayer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:58
  26. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) presents unique challenges due to limited access to patients in cardiac arrest (CA) and the distinct physiological conditions present...

    Authors: Jan Schmitz, Felix Liebold, Jochen Hinkelbein, Sophia Nöhl, Serge C Thal and Timur Sellmann
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:57
  27. Accurate pain assessment is essential in the emergency department (ED) triage process. Overestimation of pain intensity, however, can lead to unnecessary overtriage. The study aimed to investigate the influenc...

    Authors: Nai-Wen Ku, Ming-Tai Cheng, Chiat Qiao Liew, Yun Chang Chen, Chih-Wei Sung, Chia-Hsin Ko, Tsung-Chien Lu, Chien-Hua Huang and Chu-Lin Tsai
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:56
  28. Previous studies have shown varying results on the validity of the rapid emergency triage and treatment system (RETTS), but have concluded that patient age is not adequately considered as a risk factor for sho...

    Authors: G. Malmer, R. Åhlberg, P. Svensson, B. af Ugglas and E. Westerlund
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:55
  29. Norway has a diverse population pattern and often long transport distances from injury sites to hospitals. Also, previous studies have found an increased risk of trauma-related mortality in remote areas in Nor...

    Authors: Inger Marie Waal Nilsbakken, Mathias Cuevas-Østrem, Torben Wisborg, Stephen Sollid and Elisabeth Jeppesen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:53
  30. For critically ill and injured patients, timely access to definitive care is associated with a reduction in avoidable mortality. Access to definitive care is significantly affected by geographic remoteness. To...

    Authors: Adam Greene, Pierre-Marc Dion, Brodie Nolan, Rob Trachter, Erik Vu and Jan Trojanowski
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:52
  31. The Norwegian Trauma Registry (NTR) is designed to monitor and improve the quality and outcome of trauma care delivered by Norwegian trauma hospitals. Patient care is evaluated through specific quality indicat...

    Authors: N Naberezhneva, Oddvar Uleberg, M Dahlhaug, V Giil-Jensen, K G Ringdal and O Røise
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:50
  32. A broad range of pathophysiologic conditions can lead to cardiopulmonary arrest in children. Some of these children suffer from refractory cardiac arrest, not responding to basic and advanced life support. Ext...

    Authors: Lars Mommers, Cornelis Slagt, Freek Coumou RN, Ruben van der Crabben, Xavier Moors and Dinis Dos Reis Miranda
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:49
  33. Patients with a syncope constitute a challenge for risk stratification in (prehospital) emergency care. Professionals in EMS and ED need to differentiate the high-risk from the low-risk syncope patient, with l...

    Authors: Lucia G. uit het Broek, B. Bastiaan A. Ort, Hester Vermeulen, Thomas Pelgrim, Lilian C.M. Vloet and Sivera A.A. Berben
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:48
  34. Authors: Ali Cankut Tatliparmak and Rohat Ak
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:47

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:66

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:40

  35. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains one of the main causes of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Maintaining physiology of brain tissue to the greatest extent possible through optimal management of...

    Authors: Jürgen Knapp, Pascal Doppmann, Markus Huber, Lorenz Meuli, Roland Albrecht, Stephen Sollid and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:46
  36. Sweden is facing a surge of gun violence that mandates optimized prehospital transport approaches, and a survey of current practice is fundamental for such optimization. Management of severe, penetrating traum...

    Authors: Mattias Renberg, Martin Dahlberg, Mikael Gellerfors, Amir Rostami, Mattias Günther and Elham Rostami
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:45
  37. Healthcare laws allow for exceptions from the consent requirement when patients are not competent to consent or pose a danger to themselves or others. In these cases, the use of coercion may be an alternative ...

    Authors: Nina Oeye Thorvaldsen, Tonje Lossius Husum and Stephen J.M. Sollid
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:44
  38. In recent decades, analyses of hospitals evacuations have generated valuable knowledge. Unfortunately, these evacuation case studies often lack crucial details and policies that would be helpful in evacuation ...

    Authors: Monica Rådestad, Cecilia Holmgren, Ellinor Linde Blidegård and Kristina Lennquist Montán
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:43
  39. High-profile mass shootings, terrorist attacks, and experience acquired during recent conflicts have led to a shift in police tactics, who now follow an aggressive approach to immediately neutralize the threat...

    Authors: Timothee de Valence and Laurent Suppan
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:42
  40. Parents often contact out-of-hours services due to worry concerning febrile children, despite the children rarely being severely ill. As telephone triage of children is challenging, many children are referred ...

    Authors: Caroline Gren, Asbjoern Boerch Hasselager, Gitte Linderoth, Marianne Sjølin Frederiksen, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Hejdi Gamst-Jensen and Dina Cortes
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:41
  41. Authors: Sarper Yilmaz
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:40

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:66

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:47

  42. The Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) has provided national pre-hospital critical care and aeromedical retrieval in Scotland since 2010. This study investigates trends in the service and patients atte...

    Authors: Ryan D McHenry, Christopher EJ Moultrie, Andrew J Cadamy, Alasdair R Corfield, Daniel F Mackay and Jill P Pell
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:39
  43. Organized volunteer initiatives can reduce response times and improve outcomes in emergencies such as cardiac arrests or fires. Retention of volunteers is important to maintain good coverage and capabilities. ...

    Authors: Erik Prytz, Petter Norrblom, Sofie Pilemalm, Tobias Andersson Granberg and Carl-Oscar Jonson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:38
  44. Trauma related deaths remain a relevant public health problem, in particular in the younger male population. A significant number of these deaths occur prehospitally without transfer to a hospital. These patie...

    Authors: Dominik A. Jakob, Martin Müller, Sebastian Jud, Roland Albrecht, Wolf Hautz and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:37
  45. Authors: Michiel J. van Veelen and Giacomo Strapazzon
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:36

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:73

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:23

  46. Violence due to firearms is a major global public health issue and vascular injuries from firearms are particularly lethal. The aim of this study was to analyse population-based epidemiology of firearm-related...

    Authors: Karolina Nyberger, Eva-Corina Caragounis, Pauline Djerf and Carl-Magnus Wahlgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:35

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