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Table 4 Prognostic factors of death in patients presenting with shock at presentation to the ED – Cox regression

From: Shock in the emergency department; a 12 year population based cohort study

   0–7 days   8–90 days
N, total (%) N, died (%) Crude HR (95 % CI) p Value Adjusted HR (95 % CI) a p Value N, died (%) Crude HR (95 % CI) p Value Adjusted HR (95 % CI) a p Value
Gender            
 Female (reference) 761 (46.2) 167 (21.9) 1   1   133 (22.4) 1   1  
 Male 885 (53.8) 213 (24.1) 1.12 (0.91–1.37) 0.289 1.10 (0.90–1.35) 0.354 157 (23.4) 1.05 (0.83–1.32) 0.686 1.03 (0.82–1.30) 0.813
Age (continous)    1.03 (1.03–1.04) <0.001 1.03 (1.03–1.04) <0.001   1.04 (1.04–1.05) <0.001 1.04 (1.03–1.05) <0.001
Comorbidity level            
 0 (reference) 495 (30.1) 95 (19.2) 1   1   53 (13.3) 1   1  
 1 to 2 627 (38.1) 134 (21.4) 1.13 (0.87–1.47) 0.372 0.85 (0.65–1.11) 0.229 106 (21.5) 1.71 (1.23–2.37) 0.001 1.23 (0.88–1.71) 0.229
  >2 524 (31.8) 151 (28.8) 1.56 (1.21–2.02) 0.001 1.10 (0.85–1.43) 0.470 131 (22.9) 3.06 (2.22–4.20) <0.001 2.03 (1.47–2.80) <0.001
Number of organ failures            
 1 (reference) 1,155 (70.2) 206 (17.8) 1   1   189 (19.9) 1   1  
 2 389 (23.6) 126 (32.4) 1.96 (1.57–2.44) <0.001 1.90 (1.53–2.38) <0.001 85 (32.3) 1.78 (1.37–2.30) <0.001 1.76 (1.36–2.28) <0.001
 3+ 102 (6.2) 48 (47.1) 3.08 (2.25–4.22) <0.001 3.13 (2.28–4.30) <0.001 16 (29.6) 1.67 (1.00–2.79) 0.048 1.75 (1.05–2.92) 0.033
  1. aCox proportional hazard model adjusted for sex, age as a continuous variable, Charlson comorbidity level (0, 1–2, >2) and number of organ failures. Patients who died during the first 7 days after admission were excluded from the analyses of 8- to 90-day mortality