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Profile of cyclists with head injury admitted to a London Major Trauma Centre
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine volume 23, Article number: A12 (2015)
As the number of cyclists in Britain continues to grow , interest in cycle safety has increased. The aim of this study was to identify patient characteristics, mechanisms of injury and injury patterns in cyclists with head injury admitted to a London Major Trauma Centre with a view to identifying factors which could increase cycle safety.
Cyclists with any head injury requiring admission to hospital between January 1st 2011 and December 31st 2013 were identified from Intensive Care admissions, Emergency Department records, the Trauma Audit and Research Network and patient lists for the Trauma Ward.
After identification of the patient group, data was collected from emergency department and pre-hospital documentation, imaging, toxicology and Intensive Care documentation where relevant.
93 patients were identified with an average age of 37. 89% were male. 54% were not wearing helmets, 20% were wearing helmets and helmet use was not recorded for 26%. The most common mechanisms of injury were cyclists vs car (41%) and falls (38%).
There was no pattern of laterality in terms of intracranial or extracranial injuries. In those with intracranial injury 53% sustained contusions, 49% Subarachnoid haemorrhage, 38% subdural haematoma (SDH) and 23% extradural haematoma (EDH). Where helmet use was recorded no patients wearing a helmet sustained an EDH and only 1 had a SDH.
25% of patients had a significant alcohol history or positive alcohol level where 27% had negative alcohol levels, the remainder had no levels sent.
62% of those not wearing a helmet suffered intracranial injuries compared to 32% of those who were.
Although numbers in this study are small these results suggest that helmet use is protective against intracranial injury.
Additionally 25% of those admitted to hospital with head injury were intoxicated, suggesting that this a risk factor in serious cycling accidents.
Office for National Statistics: Census Analysis – Cycling to Work. 2011, [http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171776_357613.pdf]
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Forbes, A.E., Schutzer-Weissmann, J.M., Wordsworth, M. et al. Profile of cyclists with head injury admitted to a London Major Trauma Centre. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 23, A12 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-7241-23-S2-A12
- Emergency Department
- Head Injury
- Subdural Haematoma
- Injury Pattern
- Department Record