Skip to main content

Volume 22 Supplement 1

London Trauma Conference 2013

  • Poster presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

A training package for zone III Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA)


Non-compressible haemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable trauma death, with pelvic and groin haemorrhage associated with mortality rates approaching 50% [1, 2]. Trauma systems expedite access to haemorrhage control, however, the majority of patients who die, exsanguinate before control can be achieved. REBOA is an innovative technique that provides the opportunity for meaningful improvements in the outcome of these patients. It involves the positioning of a balloon at the aortic bifurcation (Zone III) as a means of temporary in-flow control and afterload augmentation in patients with severe distal haemorrhage [3]. Our aim is to describe the training package developed to introduce zone III REBOA at a UK Major Trauma Centre.


A multidisciplinary working group, consisting of consultants in Pre-Hospital Care, Emergency Medicine, Interventional Radiology, Anaesthesia and Trauma and Vascular Surgery, reviewed the existing REBOA literature and developed a training package that enables procedural knowledge and competence in potential operators.


The REBOA training package components are:

1) Required reading

Consists of six publications that detail the background, benefits, technical considerations and worldwide experience with the procedure.

2) Standard operating procedure (SOP)

An evidence-based SOP defines the target population, equipment, procedure and post-procedure management.

3) Written assessment

A written assessment, based on the required reading and SOP, tests trainees’ knowledge and understanding of the procedure.

4) Equipment familiarisation

A purpose built mannequin and complete set of training equipment allow trainees to gain technical familiarity with procedural steps and kit.

5) Moulage

Scripted scenarios are used in multidisciplinary, high fidelity, training “moulages” to test the trainees’ leadership, decision-making, teamwork and procedural competence.

6) “Sign-off”

Potential operators are required to successfully complete all components of the training package under the supervision of a “signed-off” operator.


REBOA is less invasive and more effective at temporarily controlling exsanguinating pelvic haemorrhage than thoracotomy with aortic compression. As with resuscitative thoracotomy, many clinicians faced with a patient who would benefit from the procedure, will have no prior experience with REBOA. Our training package attempts to address this.


  1. Perkins ZB, De'Ath HD, Aylwin C, Brohi K, Walsh M, Tai NRM: Epidemiology and outcome of vascular trauma at a British Major Trauma Centre. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012, 44: 203-9. 10.1016/j.ejvs.2012.05.013.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Perkins Z, Maytham G, Koers L, Bates P, Brohi K, Tai N: A targeted performance improvement programme reduces mortality in exsanguinating pelvic trauma. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2013, 21: S28-

    PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  3. Stannard A, Eliason JL, Rasmussen TE: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) as an adjunct for hemorrhagic shock. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. 2011, 71: 1869-72. 10.1097/TA.0b013e31823fe90c.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Robbie A Lendrum.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lendrum, R.A., Perkins, Z.B. & Davies, G.E. A training package for zone III Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA). Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 22 (Suppl 1), P18 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: