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Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

Volume 21 Supplement 1

London Trauma Conference 2012

Open Access

Do anaesthesiologists in pre-hospital care need concomitant clinical practice?

  • SJM Sollid1, 2, 3,
  • M Sandberg1, 4,
  • A Nakstad1 and
  • P Bredmose1
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine201321(Suppl 1):S7

Published: 28 May 2013


Emergency Medical ServiceChest TubeAirway ManagementTube InsertionAnaesthesia Induction


Previous studies have documented that advanced life support (ALS) provided by anaesthesiologists in emergency medical service (EMS) leads to life years gained [1]. Especially interventions legally and formally related to anaesthesiology were judged as crucial: endotracheal intubation (ETI), chest tube insertion and anaesthesia induction. These interventions require extensive training and experience, and probably retraining and regular practice, to be performed safely. The need for retraining and practice is probably related to actual exposure to these interventions in clinical practice. To explore if there is a need for retraining and practice, we have investigated how often these interventions are performed by individual anaesthesiologists in a typical Norwegian physician manned EMS.


Advanced interventions performed by the anaesthesiologist on call at three helicopter and car EMS units and one search-and-rescue unit were reported on a standard form for 12 months during 2011. Data on advanced airway management and surgical- and anaesthesiological procedures are reported here. Based on the number of prehospital working hours reported by each physician we calculated the number of procedures performed per 24-hour for each individual. With the mean value for each procedure per 24 hours per physician we have calculated the expected number of procedures performed in one year based on full time HEMS physician engagement equivalent to 84 24-hour shifts. The Data Protection Official of all involved institutions approved the data collection as a quality improvement project.


We received forms from 82.7% of the 1460 duty-days covered by the study. Thirty-six individual physicians reported on their activities during the study and the mean number of duty hours per physician was 804.9 hours (IQR 273, 1315.5). The expected number of procedures performed per year per physician is listed in Table 1.
Table 1

Expected number of procedures performed by the individual HEMS physician in full time HEMS engagement per year and expected time between each procedure exposure.



Time between exposure

Paediatric ETI


8.5 months

Adult ETI


2 weeks

Surgical airway


25 years

Chest tube insertion


7 months

Anaesthesia induction


2.5 weeks


Anaesthesiologists in Norwegian EMS can expect relatively little exposure pre-hospital to crucial life-saving interventions. Concomitant in-hospital clinical practice and other skills retraining should therefore be maintained to ensure adequate proficiency in these interventions.

Authors’ Affiliations

Air Ambulance Dept., Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Norway
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway


  1. Lossius HM, Soreide E, Hapnes SA, Eielsen OV, Førde OH, Steen PA: Prehospital advanced life support provided by specially trained physicians: is there a benefit in terms of life years gained?. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2002, 46: 771-778. 10.1034/j.1399-6576.2002.460703.x.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar


© Sollid et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.