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  1. Autoresuscitation is the phenomenon of spontaneous return of circulation after cessation of CPR, also known as the Lazarus phenomenon. Most of the evidence is based on case reports and a few systematic reviews...

    Authors: Janina Pasierski, Gian-Reto Kleger and Paul Imboden
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:62
  2. Accidental hypothermia, recognized by core temperature below 35 °C, is a lethal condition with a mortality rate up to 25%. Hypothermia-induced cardiac dysfunction causing increased total peripheral resistance ...

    Authors: Anders Lund Selli, Mohammadreza Ghasemi, Taylor Watters, Francis Burton, Godfrey Smith and Erik Sveberg Dietrichs
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:61
  3. The presence of in-house attending trauma surgeons has improved efficiency of processes in the treatment of polytrauma patients. However, literature remains equivocal regarding the influence of the presence of...

    Authors: Karlijn J. P. van Wessem, Luke P. H. Leenen, R. Marijn Houwert, Kim E. M. Benders, Roger K. J. Simmermacher, Mark C. P. M. van Baal, Ivar G. J. M. de Bruin, Mirjam B. de Jong, Stefaan J. B. Nijs and Falco Hietbrink
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:60
  4. Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) inevitably causes significant physical, as well as psychological stress for rescuers. Physical activity at high altitude, a hypobaric and hypoxic environment, sim...

    Authors: Maximilian Niederer, Katharina Tscherny, Josef Burger, Bettina Wandl, Verena Fuhrmann, Calvin L. Kienbacher, Wolfgang Schreiber, Harald Herkner, Dominik Roth and Alexander Egger
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:59

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:99

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:92

  5. Helicopter emergency medical service provides timely care and rapid transport of severely injured or critically ill patients. Due to constructional or regulatory provisions at some hospitals, a remote helicopt...

    Authors: Dominik J. Hoechter, Bjarne Schmalbach, Merve Schmidt, Stephan Prueckner and Andreas Bayer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:58
  6. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) presents unique challenges due to limited access to patients in cardiac arrest (CA) and the distinct physiological conditions present...

    Authors: Jan Schmitz, Felix Liebold, Jochen Hinkelbein, Sophia Nöhl, Serge C Thal and Timur Sellmann
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:57
  7. Accurate pain assessment is essential in the emergency department (ED) triage process. Overestimation of pain intensity, however, can lead to unnecessary overtriage. The study aimed to investigate the influenc...

    Authors: Nai-Wen Ku, Ming-Tai Cheng, Chiat Qiao Liew, Yun Chang Chen, Chih-Wei Sung, Chia-Hsin Ko, Tsung-Chien Lu, Chien-Hua Huang and Chu-Lin Tsai
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:56
  8. Previous studies have shown varying results on the validity of the rapid emergency triage and treatment system (RETTS), but have concluded that patient age is not adequately considered as a risk factor for sho...

    Authors: G. Malmer, R. Åhlberg, P. Svensson, B. af Ugglas and E. Westerlund
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:55
  9. Norway has a diverse population pattern and often long transport distances from injury sites to hospitals. Also, previous studies have found an increased risk of trauma-related mortality in remote areas in Nor...

    Authors: Inger Marie Waal Nilsbakken, Mathias Cuevas-Østrem, Torben Wisborg, Stephen Sollid and Elisabeth Jeppesen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:53
  10. For critically ill and injured patients, timely access to definitive care is associated with a reduction in avoidable mortality. Access to definitive care is significantly affected by geographic remoteness. To...

    Authors: Adam Greene, Pierre-Marc Dion, Brodie Nolan, Rob Trachter, Erik Vu and Jan Trojanowski
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:52
  11. The Norwegian Trauma Registry (NTR) is designed to monitor and improve the quality and outcome of trauma care delivered by Norwegian trauma hospitals. Patient care is evaluated through specific quality indicat...

    Authors: N Naberezhneva, Oddvar Uleberg, M Dahlhaug, V Giil-Jensen, K G Ringdal and O Røise
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:50
  12. A broad range of pathophysiologic conditions can lead to cardiopulmonary arrest in children. Some of these children suffer from refractory cardiac arrest, not responding to basic and advanced life support. Ext...

    Authors: Lars Mommers, Cornelis Slagt, Freek Coumou RN, Ruben van der Crabben, Xavier Moors and Dinis Dos Reis Miranda
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:49
  13. Patients with a syncope constitute a challenge for risk stratification in (prehospital) emergency care. Professionals in EMS and ED need to differentiate the high-risk from the low-risk syncope patient, with l...

    Authors: Lucia G. uit het Broek, B. Bastiaan A. Ort, Hester Vermeulen, Thomas Pelgrim, Lilian C.M. Vloet and Sivera A.A. Berben
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:48
  14. Authors: Ali Cankut Tatliparmak and Rohat Ak
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:47

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:66

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:40

  15. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains one of the main causes of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Maintaining physiology of brain tissue to the greatest extent possible through optimal management of...

    Authors: Jürgen Knapp, Pascal Doppmann, Markus Huber, Lorenz Meuli, Roland Albrecht, Stephen Sollid and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:46
  16. Sweden is facing a surge of gun violence that mandates optimized prehospital transport approaches, and a survey of current practice is fundamental for such optimization. Management of severe, penetrating traum...

    Authors: Mattias Renberg, Martin Dahlberg, Mikael Gellerfors, Amir Rostami, Mattias Günther and Elham Rostami
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:45
  17. Healthcare laws allow for exceptions from the consent requirement when patients are not competent to consent or pose a danger to themselves or others. In these cases, the use of coercion may be an alternative ...

    Authors: Nina Oeye Thorvaldsen, Tonje Lossius Husum and Stephen J.M. Sollid
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:44
  18. In recent decades, analyses of hospitals evacuations have generated valuable knowledge. Unfortunately, these evacuation case studies often lack crucial details and policies that would be helpful in evacuation ...

    Authors: Monica Rådestad, Cecilia Holmgren, Ellinor Linde Blidegård and Kristina Lennquist Montán
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:43
  19. High-profile mass shootings, terrorist attacks, and experience acquired during recent conflicts have led to a shift in police tactics, who now follow an aggressive approach to immediately neutralize the threat...

    Authors: Timothee de Valence and Laurent Suppan
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:42
  20. Parents often contact out-of-hours services due to worry concerning febrile children, despite the children rarely being severely ill. As telephone triage of children is challenging, many children are referred ...

    Authors: Caroline Gren, Asbjoern Boerch Hasselager, Gitte Linderoth, Marianne Sjølin Frederiksen, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Hejdi Gamst-Jensen and Dina Cortes
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:41
  21. Authors: Sarper Yilmaz
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:40

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:66

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:47

  22. The Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) has provided national pre-hospital critical care and aeromedical retrieval in Scotland since 2010. This study investigates trends in the service and patients atte...

    Authors: Ryan D McHenry, Christopher EJ Moultrie, Andrew J Cadamy, Alasdair R Corfield, Daniel F Mackay and Jill P Pell
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:39
  23. Organized volunteer initiatives can reduce response times and improve outcomes in emergencies such as cardiac arrests or fires. Retention of volunteers is important to maintain good coverage and capabilities. ...

    Authors: Erik Prytz, Petter Norrblom, Sofie Pilemalm, Tobias Andersson Granberg and Carl-Oscar Jonson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:38
  24. Trauma related deaths remain a relevant public health problem, in particular in the younger male population. A significant number of these deaths occur prehospitally without transfer to a hospital. These patie...

    Authors: Dominik A. Jakob, Martin Müller, Sebastian Jud, Roland Albrecht, Wolf Hautz and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:37
  25. Authors: Michiel J. van Veelen and Giacomo Strapazzon
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:36

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:73

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:23

  26. Violence due to firearms is a major global public health issue and vascular injuries from firearms are particularly lethal. The aim of this study was to analyse population-based epidemiology of firearm-related...

    Authors: Karolina Nyberger, Eva-Corina Caragounis, Pauline Djerf and Carl-Magnus Wahlgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:35
  27. Systems ensuring continuity of care through the treatment chain improve outcomes for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Non-neurosurgical acute care trauma hospitals are central in providing care continuit...

    Authors: Mathias Cuevas-Østrem, Kjetil Thorsen, Torben Wisborg, Olav Røise, Eirik Helseth and Elisabeth Jeppesen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:34
  28. Globally, injuries are a major health problem, and in Sweden, injuries are the second most common reason for ambulance dispatch. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding the epidemiology of injuries requiri...

    Authors: Glenn Larsson, Christer Axelsson, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara, Johan Herlitz and Carl Magnusson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:33
  29. Authors: Vincent Darioli and François-Xavier Ageron
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:32

    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:72

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:98

  30. Veno-arterial carbon dioxide tension difference (ΔPCO2) and mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) have been shown to be markers of the adequacy between cardiac output and metabolic needs in critical care patients...

    Authors: Marie Werner, Benjamin Bergis, Pierre-Etienne Leblanc, Lucille Wildenberg, Jacques Duranteau, Bernard Vigué and Anatole Harrois
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:31
  31. Civilian public mass shootings (CPMSs) are a major public health issue and in recent years several events have occurred worldwide. The aim of this systematic review was to characterize injuries and mortality a...

    Authors: Karolina Nyberger, Lovisa Strömmer and Carl-Magnus Wahlgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:30
  32. A major challenge in the management of avalanche victims in cardiac arrest is differentiating hypothermic from non-hypothermic cardiac arrest, as management and prognosis differ. Duration of burial with a cuto...

    Authors: Simon Rauch, Julia Kompatscher, Andreas Clara, Iris Öttl, Giacomo Strapazzon and Marc Kaufmann
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:29
  33. Revascularization of an occluded artery by either thrombolysis or mechanical thrombectomy is a time-critical intervention in ischaemic stroke. Each link in the stroke chain of survival should minimize the dela...

    Authors: Verna K.E. Vaajanen, Pauli E.T. Vuorinen, Piritta A. Setälä, Reija Autio and Sanna E. Hoppu
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:28
  34. Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are a limited and expensive resource, and should be intelligently tasked. HEMS dispatch was identified as a key research priority in 2011, with a call to identify a...

    Authors: Christopher T. Edmunds, Kate Lachowycz, Sarah McLachlan, Andrew Downes, Andrew Smith, Rob Major and Edward B. G. Barnard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:27
  35. Post-intubation hypotension (PIH) after prehospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) is prevalent and associated with increased mortality in trauma patients. The objective of this study was to compare the differen...

    Authors: James Price, Lyle Moncur, Kate Lachowycz, Rob Major, Liam Sagi, Sarah McLachlan, Chris Keeliher, Alistair Steel, Peter B. Sherren and Ed B. G. Barnard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:26
  36. Trauma is the number one cause of death among Americans between the ages of 1 and 46 years, costing more than $670 billion a year. Following death related to central nervous system injury, hemorrhage accounts ...

    Authors: Rana K. Latif, Sean P. Clifford, Jeffery A. Baker, Rainer Lenhardt, Mohammad Z. Haq, Jiapeng Huang, Ian Farah and Jerrad R. Businger
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:25
  37. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is an emerging tool that can aid emergency physicians in treating patients in cardiac arrest and undifferentiated shock. TEE can aid in diagnosis, resuscitation, identify...

    Authors: Fraser Kegel and Jordan Chenkin
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:24
  38. Authors: E. ter Avest, M. Kratz, T. Dill and M. Palmer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:23

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:73

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:36

  39. Fetal radiation exposure in pregnant women with trauma is a concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal radiation exposure with regard to the type of injury assessment performed.

    Authors: Paer-Selim Abback, Alison Benchetrit, Nathalie Delhaye, Jean-Luc Daire, Arthur James, Arthur Neuschwander, Mathieu Boutonnet, Fabrice Cook, Hélène Vinour, Jean-Luc Hanouz, Jean Cotte, Bruno Pastene, Viridiana Jouffroy, Tobias Gauss and Traumabase Group
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:22
  40. Prehospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) is a high-risk procedure. We developed a prehospital anaesthesia protocol for helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) that standardises the process and involves am...

    Authors: Susanne Ångerman, Hetti Kirves and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:21
  41. For helicopter emergency service systems (HEMS), the prehospital time consists of response time, on-scene time and transport time. Little is known about the factors that influence on-scene time or about differ...

    Authors: Alexander Fuchs, Markus Huber, Thomas Riva, Stefan Becker, Roland Albrecht, Robert Greif and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:20
  42. The cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines recommend identifying and correcting the underlying reversible causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, it is uncertain how often these cause...

    Authors: Elina Heikkilä, Milla Jousi and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:19
  43. Timely and accurate identification of life- and limb-threatening injuries (LLTIs) is a fundamental objective of trauma care that directly informs triage and treatment decisions. However, the diagnostic accurac...

    Authors: Jared M. Wohlgemut, Max E. R. Marsden, Rebecca S. Stoner, Erhan Pisirir, Evangelia Kyrimi, Gareth Grier, Michael Christian, Thomas Hurst, William Marsh, Nigel R. M. Tai and Zane B. Perkins
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:18
  44. As a result of several violent terrorist incidents, authorities in Sweden have shifted from previous approaches of being certain that it is safe for the ambulance service to enter the scene, to a one where “sa...

    Authors: Susanne Stendahl, Linda Rollgard, Lina Behm and Andreas Rantala
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:17
  45. The PROLOGUE score (PROgnostication using LOGistic regression model for Unselected adult cardiac arrest patients in the Early stages) is a novel prognostic model for the prediction of neurological outcome afte...

    Authors: René Blatter, Bulus Gökduman, Simon A. Amacher, Christoph Becker, Katharina Beck, Sebastian Gross, Kai Tisljar, Raoul Sutter, Hans Pargger, Stephan Marsch and Sabina Hunziker
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:16
  46. Sepsis is a life-threatening disease with an in-hospital mortality rate of approximately 20%. Physicians at the emergency department (ED) have to estimate the risk of deterioration in the coming hours or days ...

    Authors: Raymond J. van Wijk, Vincent M. Quinten, Mathilde C. van Rossum, Hjalmar R. Bouma and Jan C. ter Maaten
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:15
  47. Over the past decades, international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have changed the recommendation for alternative routes for drug administration. Until now, evidence for the substantial s...

    Authors: Tobias Monaco, Matthias Fischer, Mark Michael, Iryna Hubar, Ralf Westenfeld, Stefan Rauch, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner and Michael Bernhard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2023 31:14

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