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  1. Content type: Original research

    Existing difficult airway prediction tools are not practical for emergency intubation and do not incorporate physiological data. The HEAVEN criteria (Hypoxaemia, Extremes of size, Anatomic challenges, Vomit/bl...

    Authors: Fauzia Nausheen, Nichole P. Niknafs, Derek J. MacLean, David J. Olvera, Allen C. Wolfe Jr, Troy W. Pennington and Daniel P. Davis

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:50

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  2. Content type: Case report

    In paediatric trauma patients, tracheobronchial injury can be a rare, life-threatening trauma. In 2011, we instituted a new trauma workflow concept called the hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER) that combines a ...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuhei Maruyama, Fukuki Saito, Hiroyuki Kaneda, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:49

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) is widely used to reverse the action of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in accordance with current guidelines and because of a lack of specific reversal agents. Indicat...

    Authors: Martin Müller, Jonathan Eastline, Michael Nagler, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Thomas C. Sauter

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:48

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  4. Content type: Original research

    The Shenkursk Injury Registry (SHIR) was established in the Shenkursk District, Northwestern Russia in 2015 for the purposes of primary prevention. The SHIR covers all injuries (ICD-10 diagnoses from S00 to T7...

    Authors: Tatiana N Unguryanu, Andrej M Grjibovski, Tordis A Trovik, Børge Ytterstad and Alexander V Kudryavtsev

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:47

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  5. Content type: Original research

    There is a growing demand for emergency medical services (EMS) and patients are repeatedly transported by ambulance services. For many patients, especially those with chronic disease, there may be better ways ...

    Authors: Morten Breinholt Søvsø, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Poul Anders Hansen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:46

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Recommendations regarding decompression of tension pneumothorax in small children are scarce and mainly transferred from the adult literature without existing evidence for the paediatric population. This CT-ba...

    Authors: Tom Terboven, Georg Leonhard, Lucas Wessel, Tim Viergutz, Marcus Rudolph, Michael Schöler, Meike Weis and Holger Haubenreisser

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:45

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  7. Content type: Original research

    Telephone triage entails assessment of urgency and direction of flow in out-of-hours (OOH) services, while visual cues are inherently lacking. Triage tools are recommended but current tools fail to provide sys...

    Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Erika Frishknecht Christensen, Freddy Lippert, Fredrik Folke, Ingrid Egerod, Mikkel Brabrand, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup, Lau Caspar Thygesen and Linda Huibers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:44

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a prognostic and nonspecific biomarker associated with short-term mortality in emergency department (ED) patients. Therefore, the blood level of suPA...

    Authors: Martin Schultz, Line J. H. Rasmussen, Thomas Kallemose, Erik Kjøller, Morten N. Lind, Lisbet Ravn, Theis Lange, Lars Køber, Lars S. Rasmussen, Jesper Eugen-Olsen and Kasper Iversen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:43

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital Emergency Anaesthesia (PHEA) is regarded as one of the highest risk interventions that pre-hospital providers perform. AAGBI guidance from 2017 suggests the use of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs...

    Authors: James Raitt, James Hudgell, Henry Knott and Syed Masud

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:42

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  10. Content type: Original research

    Preparation for a disaster or accident-related mass casualty events is often based on experience. The objective measures or tools for evaluating decision-making and effectiveness during such events are underde...

    Authors: Chih-Chuan Lin, Chin-Chieh Wu, Chi-Dan Chen and Kuan-Fu Chen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:41

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) affects some 275,000 individuals in Europe each year. Time from collapse to defibrillation is essential for survival. As emergency medical services (EMS) response times in...

    Authors: J. Sanfridsson, J. Sparrevik, J. Hollenberg, P. Nordberg, T. Djärv, M. Ringh, L. Svensson, S. Forsberg, A. Nord, M. Andersson-Hagiwara and A. Claesson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:40

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly half of all deaths in Poland. The aim of this study was to assess both the duration and the delays of prehospital treatment in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction...

    Authors: Magdalena Żurowska-Wolak, Patryk Piekos, Jacek Jąkała and Marcin Mikos

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:39

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  13. Content type: Original research

    The Danish Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) is part of the Danish pre-hospital response offering advanced patient care on scene and during rapid transport to definitive care.

    Authors: Karen Alstrup, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Charlotte Barfod, Lars Knudsen, Leif Rognås and Thea Palsgaard Møller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:38

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  14. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some methodological shortcomings in a recently published Article. We proved that the obtained results are subjected to the sparse data bias and presented some...

    Authors: Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi and Mohammad Hossein Panahi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:37

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  15. Content type: Original research

    In Germany, emergency medical teams are staffed with physicians but evidence regarding their prehospital diagnostic accuracy remains poor.

    Authors: Jens-Christian Schewe, Jochen Kappler, Katharina Dovermann, Ingo Graeff, Stefan Felix Ehrentraut, Ulrich Heister, Andreas Hoeft, Stefan Ulrich Weber and Stefan Muenster

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:36

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  16. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) are an integral part of emergency medical care. EMS planning can be achieved by analyzing patterns of use. However, long-term time trends of EMS use have rarely be...

    Authors: Kathrin Hegenberg, Heiko Trentzsch, Stefan Gross and Stephan Prückner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:35

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  17. Content type: Original research

    People experiencing a mental health crisis receive variable and poorer quality care than those experiencing a physical health crisis. Little is known about the epidemiology, subsequent care pathways of mental ...

    Authors: Edward A. S. Duncan, Catherine Best, Nadine Dougall, Silje Skar, Josie Evans, Alasdair R. Corfield, David Fitzpatrick, Isabella Goldie, Margaret Maxwell, Helen Snooks, Cameron Stark, Chris White and Wojtek Wojcik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:34

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  18. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The European HEMS and Air ambulance Committee’s Medical working group recently published Best Practice advice on pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia and advanced airway management. We believe that this initiati...

    Authors: Jostein S. Hagemo, Per P. Bredmose, Halvard Stave, Marius Rehn and Christian Buskop

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:33

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  19. Content type: Original research

    Arterial blood gas analysis is an important diagnostic tool in managing critically ill patients within the hospital. Whether prehospital application of this diagnostic modality contributes to more exact diagno...

    Authors: Stine T. Zwisler, Yecatarina Zincuk, Caroline B. Bering, Aleksander Zincuk, Mads Nybo and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:32

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  20. Content type: Original research

    A female survival advantage after injury has been observed, and animal models of trauma have suggested either hormonal or genetic mechanisms as component causes. Our aim was to compare age and risk-adjusted se...

    Authors: Robert Larsen, Denise Bäckström, Mats Fredrikson, Ingrid Steinvall, Rolf Gedeborg and Folke Sjoberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:24

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  21. Content type: Original research

    While the incidence and aspects of pneumonia in ICU patients has been extensively discussed in the literature, studies on the occurrence of pneumonia in severely injured patients are rare. The aim of the prese...

    Authors: Sebastian Wutzler, Felix M. Bläsius, Philipp Störmann, Thomas Lustenberger, Michael Frink, Marc Maegele, Matthias Weuster, Jörg Bayer, Michael Caspers, Andreas Seekamp, Ingo Marzi, Hagen Andruszkow and Frank Hildebrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:31

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  22. Content type: Original research

    There is little published data investigating non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in the emergency department (ED). We assessed six non-invasive fluid responsiveness monitoring methods which measure cardiac ...

    Authors: D. McGregor, S. Sharma, S. Gupta, S. Ahmad, T. Godec and Tim Harris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:30

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Intraosseous (IO) access is a recommended method when venous access cannot be rapidly established in an emergency. Experimental data suggest that major hemorrhage and catecholamine administration both reduce b...

    Authors: Mats Eriksson, Anders Larsson, Miklós Lipcsey and Gunnar Strandberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:29

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  24. Content type: Original research

    The outcome of status epilepticus (SE) can be improved by facilitating early recognition and treatment with antiepileptic drugs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the treatment delay of SE in a prospect...

    Authors: Joni J. Sairanen, Anne-Mari Kantanen, Harri T. Hyppölä and Reetta K. Kälviäinen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:28

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  25. Content type: Original research

    No consensus based national standard for interhospital transports of critically ill patients exists in Norway. The local hospitals are responsible for funding, organizing and performing these transports, resul...

    Authors: Helge Eiding, Ulf E. Kongsgaard and Anne-Cathrine Braarud

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:27

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  26. Content type: Original research

    In France, while most babies are delivered at hospital, emergency medical services (EMS) weekly manage calls for unplanned out-of-hospital births. The objective of our study was to describe neonatal morbidity ...

    Authors: François Javaudin, Valérie Hamel, Arnaud Legrand, Sybille Goddet, François Templier, Christine Potiron, Philippe Pes, Gilles Bagou and Emmanuel Montassier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:26

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Acute coagulopathy is a well-known predictor of poor outcomes in patients with severe trauma. However, using coagulation and fibrinolytic markers, how one can best predict mortality to find out potential candi...

    Authors: Kenta Ishii, Takahiro Kinoshita, Kazutaka Kiridume, Atsushi Watanabe, Kazuma Yamakawa, Shota Nakao, Satoshi Fujimi and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:25

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Airway management and use of intravenous anaesthetics to facilitate tracheal intubation after major trauma remains controversial. Numerous agents are available and used for pre-hospital rapid-sequence inductio...

    Authors: Arasch Wafaisade, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Matthias Helm, Matthias Ruppert and Michael Gäßler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:23

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  29. Content type: Case report

    We describe a case where inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) was successfully initiated during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a younger patient with cardiac arrest related to pulmonary hypertension after dissem...

    Authors: Per P. Bredmose, Christian Buskop and Anne Birthe Lømo

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:22

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  30. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report a strategy to reduce time waiting for emergency calls in a dispatch center, in line with a recently published article that reviewed evidence for medical dispa...

    Authors: Yann Penverne, Michel Terré, François Javaudin, Joël Jenvrin, Frédéric Berthier, Julien Labady, Brice Leclere and Emmanuel Montassier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:21

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Emergency airway management (AM) is a major key for successful resuscitation of critically ill non-traumatic (CINT) patients. Details of the AM of these patients in German emergency departments (ED) are unknow...

    Authors: Michael Bernhard, Sönke Nils Bax, Thomas Hartwig, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Sirak Petros, Sven Bercker, Alexandra Ramshorn-Zimmer and André Gries

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:20

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  32. Content type: Review

    In bacteremia the majority of bacterial species are killed by oxidation on the surface of erythrocytes and digested by local phagocytes in the liver and the spleen. Sepsis-causing bacteria overcome this mechan...

    Authors: Hayk Minasyan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:19

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that ...

    Authors: Helen Fagerlind, Lara Harvey, Stefan Candefjord, Johan Davidsson and Julie Brown

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:18

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Human external cargo (HEC) extrication during helicopter rescue missions is commonly used in mountain emergency medical services. Furthermore, longline or winch operations offer the opportunity to deliver prof...

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Giacomo Strapazzon, Dimitri Ambühl, Volker Lischke, Simon Rauch and Jürgen Knapp

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:17

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  35. Content type: Original research

    Little evidence suggest that female gender is associated with a lower risk of mortality in severely injured patients, especially in premenopausal women. Previous clinical studies have shown contradictory resul...

    Authors: M. Pape, G. F. Giannakópoulos, W. P. Zuidema, E. S. M. de Lange-Klerk, E. J. Toor, M. J. R. Edwards, M. H. J. Verhofstad, T. N. Tromp, E. M. M. van Lieshout, F. W. Bloemers and L. M. G. Geeraedts

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:16

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Intravenous access in critically ill and injured patients can be difficult or impossible in the field. Intraosseous access is a well-established alternative to achieve access to a noncollapsible vascular netwo...

    Authors: Renate Sørgjerd, Geir Arne Sunde and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:15

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  37. Content type: Commentary

    We read the article “Risks and benefits of hypotensive resuscitation in patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock: a meta-analysis” by Natthida Owattanapanich et al. with great interest and found it to be insi...

    Authors: Kai-Hung Ho, Yih-Wen Tarng, Yi-Pin Chou and Hsing-Lin Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:14

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  38. Content type: Original research

    A high number of denied or cancelled HEMS missions are caused by poor weather conditions especially during winter season. Furthermore, many helicopter manufacturers have denied their helicopters to be operated...

    Authors: Ilkka Pulkkinen, Jari Pirnes, Ari Rissanen and Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:13

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  39. Content type: Original research

    Training in teamwork behaviour improves technical resuscitation performance. However, its effect on patient outcome is less clear, partly because teamwork behaviour is difficult to measure. Furthermore, it is ...

    Authors: Julia Freytag, Fabian Stroben, Wolf E. Hautz, Stefan K. Schauber and Juliane E. Kämmer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:12

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  40. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital acute pain is a frequent symptom that is often inadequately managed. The concerns of opioid induced side effects are well-founded. To ensure patient safety, ambulance personnel are therefore provid...

    Authors: Kristian D. Friesgaard, Hans Kirkegaard, Claus-Henrik Rasmussen, Matthias Giebner, Erika F. Christensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:11

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Hand hygiene (HH), a cornerstone in infection prevention and control, lacks quality in emergency medical services (EMS). HH improvement includes both individual and institutional aspects, but little is known a...

    Authors: Heidi Storm Vikke, Svend Vittinghus, Martin Betzer, Matthias Giebner, Hans Jørn Kolmos, Karen Smith, Maaret Castrén, Veronica Lindström, Marja Mäkinen, Heini Harve and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:10

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) are likely to benefit from effective prehospital care to prevent secondary brain injury. Only a few studies have focused on the impact of advanced interventi...

    Authors: Toni Pakkanen, Jouni Nurmi, Heini Huhtala and Tom Silfvast

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:9

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Studies on penetrating injuries in Europe are scarce and often represent data from single institutions. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and demographic features of patients hospitalized for...

    Authors: Una Johannesdottir, Gudrun Maria Jonsdottir, Bergros K. Johannesdottir, Alexandra Aldis Heimisdottir, Elias Eythorsson, Tomas Gudbjartsson and Brynjolfur Mogensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:7

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  44. Content type: Guideline

    Effective and timely airway management is a priority for sick and injured patients. The benefit and conduct of pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) and advanced airway management remains controversial but...

    Authors: Kate Crewdson, David Lockey, Wolfgang Voelckel, Peter Temesvari and Hans Morten Lossius

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:6

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  45. Content type: Original research

    Avalanche emergency response should address current accident scenarios to optimize survival chances of victims and to keep rescuers safe. The purpose of this article is to present a basis for evaluation and ne...

    Authors: Albert Lunde and Christen Tellefsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:5

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  46. Content type: Original research

    The long-term treatment trends of splenic injuries can provide guidance when treating trauma patients. The nonoperative management (NOM) of splenic injuries was introduced in early 1989. After decades of devel...

    Authors: Chien-An Liao, Yu-Tung Wu, Chien-Hung Liao, Shang-Yu Wang, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Shao-Wei Chen, Ching-Chang Chen, An-Hsun Chou and Chi-Tung Cheng

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:4

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  47. Content type: Original research

    Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability with effective treatment, including thrombolysis or thrombectomy, being time-critical for favourable outcomes. While door-to-needle time in hospital has been o...

    Authors: Nicolas Drenck, Søren Viereck, Josefine Stokholm Bækgaard, Karl Bang Christensen, Freddy Lippert and Fredrik Folke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:3

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  48. Content type: Original research

    The provision of safe, high quality healthcare in the Emergency Department (ED) requires frontline healthcare personnel with sufficient competence in clinical leadership. However, healthcare education curricul...

    Authors: Sissel Eikeland Husebø and Øystein Evjen Olsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:2

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  49. Content type: Original research

    Deficient non-technical skills (NTS) among providers of critical care in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) is a threat to patient and operational safety. Skills can be improved through simulation-ba...

    Authors: Kristen Rasmussen, Henrik Langdalen, Stephen J. M. Sollid, Eirik Bjorheim Abrahamsen, Leif Inge K. Sørskår, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik and Håkon B. Abrahamsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:1

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