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  1. About two-thirds of the in-hospital deaths after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) are a consequence of anoxic brain injuries, which are due to hypoperfusion of the brain during the cardiac arrests. Being...

    Authors: Anna Henningsson, Lukas Lannemyr, Oskar Angerås, Joakim Björås, Niklas Bergh, Johan Herlitz, Bengt Redfors and Peter Lundgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:62
  2. Lower intubation first-pass success (FPS) rate is associated with physiological deterioration, and FPS is widely used as a quality indicator of the airway management of a critically ill patient. However, data ...

    Authors: Harry Ljungqvist, Jussi Pirneskoski, Anssi Saviluoto, Piritta Setälä, Miretta Tommila and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:61
  3. Maxillofacial fractures can lead to massive oronasal bleeding; however, surgical hemostasis and packing procedures can be challenging owing to complex facial anatomy. Only a few studies investigated maxillofac...

    Authors: Fang-Chi Wu, Kuo-Shu Hung, Yu-Wen Lin, Kang Sung, Tsung-Han Yang, Chun-Hsien Wu, Chih-Jung Wang and Yi-Ting Yen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:60
  4. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring are common approaches to reduce the death rate of Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, but the outcomes of these patients are unfavor...

    Authors: Jian-Lan Zhao, Jie Song, Qiang Yuan, Yi-Feng Bao, Yi-Rui Sun, Zhi-Qi Li, Cai-Hua Xi, Hai-Jun Yao, Mei-Hua Wang, Gang Wu, Zhuo-Ying Du, Jin Hu and Jian Yu
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:59
  5. Pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (POHCA) has received limited attention. All causes of POHCA and outcomes were examined during a 4-year period in a Danish nationwide register and prehospital medical re...

    Authors: Mathias Geldermann Holgersen, Theo W. Jensen, Niklas Breindahl, Julie L. B. Kjerulff, Sara H. Breindahl, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Signe Amalie Wolthers, Lars Bredevang Andersen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Søren Mikkelsen, Freddy Lippert and Helle Collatz Christensen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:58
  6. The incidence of electric scooter (e-scooter) injuries has increased drastically in numerous countries after widespread availability of shared e-scooters. The economic impact on society from a broader perspect...

    Authors: Henri Vasara, Linda Toppari, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Kaisa Virtanen, Maaret Castrén and Arja Kobylin
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:57
  7. To be able to help and save lives, laypersons are recommended to undergo first aid trainings. The aim of this review was to explore the variety of the elements of the measuring systems to assess the effects of...

    Authors: Sihvo Minna, Hiltunen Leena and Kärkkäinen Tommi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:56
  8. Deaths due to injuries exceed 4.4 million annually, with over 90% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. A key contributor to high trauma mortality is prolonged trauma-to-treatment time. Earlier receipt...

    Authors: Krithika Suresh, Julia M. Dixon, Chandni Patel, Brenda Beaty, Deborah J. del Junco, Shaheem de Vries, Hendrick J. Lategan, Elmin Steyn, Janette Verster, Steven G. Schauer, Tyson E. Becker, Cord Cunningham, Sean Keenan, Ernest E. Moore, Lee A. Wallis, Navneet Baidwan…
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:55
  9. Historically, resuscitation in traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) has been deemed futile. However, recent literature reports improved but varying survival. Current European guidelines emphasise the addressing of r...

    Authors: Daniel Ohlén, Magnus Hedberg, Paula Martinsson, Erik von Oelreich, Therese Djärv and Malin Jonsson Fagerlund
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:54
  10. Handling emergency calls in French emergency medical call centres (EMCCs) can be challenging considering the frequent lack of relevant information. Tele-transmission device use in regular ambulances seems like...

    Authors: E. Magimel-Pelonnier, N. Marjanovic, R. Couvreur, B. Drugeon, O. Mimoz and J. Guenezan
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:53
  11. In a two-tier Emergency Medical Services response system with ambulances and physician-staffed rapid response vehicles, both units are ideally dispatched simultaneously when a physician is needed. However, whe...

    Authors: Roselil Oelrich, Julie Samsoee Kjoelbye, Oscar Rosenkrantz and Charlotte Barfod
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:52
  12. Many trauma patients have associated orthopaedic injuries at admission. The existing literature regarding orthopaedic trauma often focuses on single injuries, but there is a paucity of information that gives a...

    Authors: Tora Julie Slørdal, Guttorm Brattebø, Thomas Geisner and Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:51
  13. A prehospital system where obvious futile cases may be terminated prehospitally by physicians may reduce unethical treatment of dying patients. Withholding treatment in futile cases may seem ethically sound bu...

    Authors: Mads Anders Rasmussen, Håvard Storsveen Moen, Louise Milling, Sune Munthe, Christina Rosenlund, Frantz Rom Poulsen, Anne Craveiro Brøchner and Søren Mikkelsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:50
  14. This study was designed to compare the outcomes of standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (STD-CPR) and combined chest compression and abdominal compression–decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CO-CPR)...

    Authors: Haishan Li, Chao Wang, Hongyuan Zhang, Fang Cheng, Shuang Zuo, Liyou Xu, Hui Chen and Xiaodong Wang
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:49
  15. There are different prehospital triage systems, but no consensus on what constitutes the optimal choice. This heterogeneity constitutes a threat in a mass casualty incident in which triage is used during multi...

    Authors: Amir Khorram-Manesh, Frederick M. Burkle Jr., Johan Nordling, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Roberto Faccincani, Carl Magnusson, Bina Merzaai, Amila Ratnayake and Eric Carlström
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:48
  16. Due to time-critical decision-making, physical strain and the uncontrolled environment, prehospital emergency management is frequently associated with high levels of stress in medical personnel. Stress has bee...

    Authors: Mathias Maleczek, Karl Schebesta, Thomas Hamp, Achim Leo Burger, Thomas Pezawas, Mario Krammel and Bernhard Roessler
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:47
  17. Interprofessional teams contribute to patient safety during clinical care. However, little is known about how interprofessional teams manage and cope with critical incidents in the emergency department (ED). T...

    Authors: Jenny Milton, Annette Erichsen Andersson, N. David Åberg, Brigid M. Gillespie and Lena Oxelmark
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:46
  18. Medical emergencies are complex and stressful, especially for the young and inexperienced. Cognitive aids (CA) have been shown to facilitate management of simulated medical emergencies by experienced teams. In...

    Authors: Timur Sellmann, Samer Alchab, Dietmar Wetzchewald, Joerg Meyer, Tienush Rassaf, Serge C. Thal, Christian Burisch, Stephan Marsch and Frank Breuckmann
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:45
  19. Pre hospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) is a complex procedure with significant risks. First-pass intubation success (FPS) is recommended as a quality indicator in pre hospital advanced airway management. Pr...

    Authors: James Price, Kate Lachowycz, Alistair Steel, Lyle Moncur, Rob Major and Ed B. G. Barnard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:44
  20. Despite treatment advances, trauma laparotomy continuous to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Most of the literature originates from high volume centers, whereas patient characteristics a...

    Authors: Jakob Mejdahl Bentin, Emma Possfelt-Møller, Peter Svenningsen, Søren Steemann Rudolph and Martin Sillesen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:43
  21. Alpine skiing rescues are challenging because of the mountainous environment and risks of cervical spine motion (CSM) induced during victims’ extrications (EXs) and downhill evacuations (DEs). The benefits of ...

    Authors: Guillaume Grenier, Marc-Antoine Despatis, Karina Lebel, Mathieu Hamel, Camille Martin and Patrick Boissy
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:42
  22. Approximately 1.3 million people die each year globally as a direct result of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). Following an MVC some patients will remain trapped in their vehicle; these patients have worse out...

    Authors: Tim Nutbeam, Rob Fenwick, Jason E. Smith, Mike Dayson, Brian Carlin, Mark Wilson, Lee Wallis and Willem Stassen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:41
  23. The decision to not convey patients has become common in emergency medical services worldwide. A substantial proportion (12–51%) of the patients seen by emergency medical services are not conveyed by those ser...

    Authors: Erik Höglund, Agneta Schröder, Magnus Andersson-Hagiwara, Margareta Möller and Emma Ohlsson-Nevo
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:40
  24. Treating hemorrhaging patients with prehospital blood product transfusions (PHBT) narrows transfusion delays and potentially benefits the patient. We describe our initial experiences of PHBT in a ground-based ...

    Authors: Heidi Yliharju, Timo Jama and Hilla Nordquist
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:39
  25. Fluid therapy in patients with suspected infection is controversial, and it is not known whether fluid treatment administered in the prehospital setting is beneficial. In the absence of evidence-based guidelin...

    Authors: Marie Egebjerg Jensen, Arne Sylvester Jensen, Carsten Meilandt, Kristian Winther Jørgensen, Ulla Væggemose, Allan Bach, Hans Kirkegaard and Marie Kristine Jessen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:38
  26. Whether extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is indicated for patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) remains unclear. Pulmonary embolism with PEA is a good candidate for ECPR; however...

    Authors: Shinichi Ijuin, Akihiko Inoue, Satoshi Ishihara, Masafumi Suga, Takeshi Nishimura, Shota Kikuta, Haruki Nakayama, Nobuaki Igarashi, Shigenari Matsuyama, Tomofumi Doi and Shinichi Nakayama
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:37
  27. Stroke recognition at the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) impacts the stroke treatment and thus the related health outcome. At the EMS Copenhagen 66.2% of strokes are detected by the Emergency Medical Dispatc...

    Authors: Mirjam Lisa Scholz, Helle Collatz-Christensen, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Simone Boebel, Jeske Verhoeven and Thomas Krafft
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:36
  28. Previous studies have shown variations in management routines for children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Sweden. It is unknown if this management has changed after the publication of the Scandinavian Ne...

    Authors: Fredrik Wickbom, Linda Persson, Zandra Olivecrona and Johan Undén
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:35
  29. To develop emergency medical dispatch (EMD) centre prediction models with high sensitivity and satisfying specificity to identify high-priority patients and patients suitable for non-emergency care respectivel...

    Authors: Kristoffer Wibring, Markus Lingman, Johan Herlitz and Angela Bång
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:34
  30. Patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are critically ill and show high mortality. Inter-hospital transfer of these patients has to be safe, with high survival rates during transport wi...

    Authors: Alexander Fuchs, Renate Schmucki, Lorenz Meuli, Pedro David Wendel-Garcia, Roland Albrecht, Robert Greif and Urs Pietsch
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:33
  31. Accurate triage of the undifferentiated patient is a critical task in prehospital emergency care. However, there is a paucity of literature synthesizing currently available prehospital triage tools. This scopi...

    Authors: Smitha Bhaumik, Merhej Hannun, Chelsea Dymond, Kristen DeSanto, Whitney Barrett, Lee A. Wallis and Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:32
  32. Five-level triage systems are being utilized in Danish emergency departments with and without the use of presenting symptoms. The aim of this study was to validate and compare two 5-level triage systems used i...

    Authors: Frederik Trier Kongensgaard, Marianne Fløjstrup, Annmarie Lassen, Jan Dahlin and Mikkel Brabrand
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:31
  33. The effects of early integration of point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) into patient care are uncertain. This study aims to investigate the effects of early PoCUS on patients with acute flank pain.

    Authors: Pei-Hsiu Wang, Jia-Yu Chen, Dean-An Ling, An-Fu Lee, Ying-Chih Ko, Wan-Ching Lien and Chien-Hua Huang
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:29
  34. Intravenous fluids are used commonly for almost all intensive care unit (ICU) patients, especially for patients in need of resuscitation. The selection and use of resuscitation fluids may affect the outcomes o...

    Authors: Wei-Hua Dong, Wen-Qing Yan, Xin Song, Wen-Qiang Zhou and Zhi Chen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:28
  35. Triage and triage related work has been performed in Swedish Emergency Departments (EDs) since the mid-1990s. The Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System (RETTS©), with annual updates, is the most applied ...

    Authors: Sara C. Wireklint, Carina Elmqvist, Bengt Fridlund and Katarina E. Göransson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:27
  36. Prehospital medical problem reporting is essential in the management of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) operations. The consensus-based template for reporting and documenting in physician-staffed ...

    Authors: Miretta Tommila, Jukka Pappinen, Lasse Raatiniemi, Anssi Saviluoto, Tuukka Toivonen, Johannes Björkman and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:26
  37. Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) has been in operation in Japan since 2001, allowing patients almost anywhere in the nation to receive on-scene emergency treatment from physicians. However, there i...

    Authors: Koji Wake, Takafumi Noguchi, Hidekazu Hishinuma, Masayoshi Zaitsu, Jin Kikuchi, Masatoshi Uchida, Kentaro Hayashi, Masanari Machida, Hajime Houzumi, Eisei Hoshiyama, Kyo Takahashi, Gen Kobashi and Kazuyuki Ono
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:25
  38. This systematic review explored how non-medical factors influence the prehospital resuscitation providers’ decisions whether or not to resuscitate adult patients with cardiac arrest.

    Authors: Louise Milling, Jeannett Kjær, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ulrik Havshøj, Helle Collatz Christensen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Søren Mikkelsen and Dorthe Nielsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:24
  39. Although prehospital point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is gaining in importance, its rapid interpretation remains challenging in prehospital emergency situations. The technical development of remote real-time s...

    Authors: Martina Hermann, Christina Hafner, Vincenz Scharner, Mojca Hribersek, Mathias Maleczek, Andreas Schmid, Eva Schaden, Harald Willschke and Thomas Hamp
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:23
  40. There has been in increase in the use of systems for organizing lay responders for suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) dispatch using smartphone-based technology. The purpose is to increase survi...

    Authors: A. Högstedt, M. Thuccani, E. Carlström, A. Claesson, A. Bremer, A. Ravn-Fischer, E. Berglund, M. Ringh, J. Hollenberg, J. Herlitz, A. Rawshani and P. Lundgren
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:22
  41. Geopolitical and climate changes form the background of the current migration crisis. It has many faces. One of them are the tragic cases of poisoning of refugees due to eating wild forest mushrooms for socioe...

    Authors: Anna Smędra, Katarzyna Wochna, Dariusz Zawadzki and Jarosław Berent
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:20
  42. Tracheal intubation is the gold standard in emergency airway management. One way of measuring intubation quality is first pass success rate (FPSR). Mastery of tracheal intubation and maintenance of the skill i...

    Authors: Sebastian Imach, Benny Kölbel, Andreas Böhmer, Dorothee Keipke and Tobias Ahnert
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:18
  43. Emergency applications of rescue blankets go far beyond protection from hypothermia. In this review alternative applicabilities of these remarkable multifunctional tools were highlighted. Newly fabricated resc...

    Authors: Bernd Wallner, Hannah Salchner, Markus Isser, Thomas Schachner, Franz J. Wiedermann and Wolfgang Lederer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:17
  44. We investigated paramedic-initiated consultation calls and advice given via telephone by Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) physicians focusing on limitations of medical treatment (LOMT).

    Authors: Heidi Kangasniemi, Piritta Setälä, Heini Huhtala, Anna Olkinuora, Antti Kämäräinen, Ilkka Virkkunen, Joonas Tirkkonen, Arvi Yli-Hankala, Esa Jämsen and Sanna Hoppu
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:16
  45. Mass gathering (MG) events may cause delayed emergency responses via various mechanisms and strain the resources of local emergency services. Therefore, preparedness, including adequate pre-planning and suffic...

    Authors: Anssi Koski, Jukka Pappinen, Anne Kouvonen and Hilla Nordquist
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:15
  46. Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), particularly those associated with entrapment, are a common cause of major trauma. Current extrication methods are focused on spinal movement minimisation and mitigation, but f...

    Authors: Tim Nutbeam, Anthony Kehoe, Rob Fenwick, Jason Smith, Omar Bouamra, Lee Wallis and Willem Stassen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:14
  47. Rapid stratification of the risk of cardiac arrest is essential in the assessment of patients with isolated accidental hypothermia. Traditional methods based on measurement of core temperature are unreliable i...

    Authors: Samuel Barrow and Galen Ives
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2022 30:13

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