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  1. Physician-staffed emergency medical services (p-EMS) are resource demanding, and research is needed to evaluate any potential effects of p-EMS. Templates, designed through expert agreement, are valuable and fe...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Andreas Jørstad Krüger, Kjetil Gorseth Ringdal and Marius Rehn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:25

    Content type: Original research

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  2. Acute dyspnoea is common among ambulance patients, but little is known of the patients’ experience of symptom. We aimed to investigate ambulance patients initial perceived intensity of acute dyspnoea, and whet...

    Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Kenneth Lübcke, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Søren Mikkelsen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:24

    Content type: Original research

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  3. Following the publication of the original article [1], the authors unfortunately became aware of some typesetting and resolution problems in Figs. 1 and 2.

    Authors: Dong Keon Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Giwoon Kim, Choung Ah. Lee, Hyung Jun Moon, Jaehoon Oh, Hae Chul Yang, Han Joo Choi, Young Taeck Oh and Seung Min Park

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:23

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:109

  4. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with high rates of long-term disability and mortality. Our aim was to investigate the effects of thoracic trauma on the in-hospital course and outcome of patients wit...

    Authors: Mark Schieren, Frank Wappler, Arasch Wafaisade, Rolf Lefering, Samir G. Sakka, Jost Kaufmann, Hi-Jae Heiroth, Jerome Defosse and Andreas B. Böhmer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:21

    Content type: Original research

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  5. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and reduced quality of life. Most trauma-related research originates from trauma centres, and there are limited available data regarding the treatment of trauma patients th...

    Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Valdemar Vea Iversen, Ingrid Schrøder Hansen, Eirik Reierth and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:20

    Content type: Review

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  6. High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a key factor in survival with good overall quality of life after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Current evidence is predominantly based on studies conducted at lo...

    Authors: Alexander Egger, Maximilian Niederer, Katharina Tscherny, Josef Burger, Verena Fuhrmann, Calvin Kienbacher, Dominik Roth, Wolfgang Schreiber and Harald Herkner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:19

    Content type: Original research

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  7. Many countries have centralized and dedicated trauma centres with high volumes of trauma patients. However, the volume-outcome relationship in severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15) remai...

    Authors: Charlie A. Sewalt, Eveline J. A. Wiegers, Fiona E. Lecky, Dennis den Hartog, Stephanie C. E. Schuit, Esmee Venema and Hester F. Lingsma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:18

    Content type: Original research

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  8. In emergency medical services (EMSs), accurately predicting the severity of a patient’s medical condition is important for the early identification of those who are vulnerable and at high-risk. In this study, ...

    Authors: Da-Young Kang, Kyung-Jae Cho, Oyeon Kwon, Joon-myoung Kwon, Ki-Hyun Jeon, Hyunho Park, Yeha Lee, Jinsik Park and Byung-Hee Oh

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:17

    Content type: Original research

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  9. If transport under ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from an upper floor is indicated, the ideal CPR-method and evacuation route is unknown hitherto. We aimed to elaborate a strategy for evacuation o...

    Authors: Hendrik Drinhaus, Sebastian Nüsgen, Niels Adams, Wolfgang A. Wetsch and Thorsten Annecke

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:16

    Content type: Original research

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  10. To determine the prevalence and characteristics of prechiasmatic visual system injuries (VSI) among seriously injured patients with concomitant head trauma in Europe by means of a multinational...

    Authors: Torge Huckhagel, Jan Regelsberger, Manfred Westphal, Jakob Nüchtern and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:15

    Content type: Original research

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  11. Autoresuscitation describes the return of spontaneous circulation after termination of resuscitation (TOR) following cardiac arrest (CA). We aimed to identify phenomena that may lead to autoresuscitation and t...

    Authors: Les Gordon, Mathieu Pasquier, Hermann Brugger and Peter Paal

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:14

    Content type: Review

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  12. In Sweden the surgical surge capacity for mass casualty incidents (MCI) is managed by county councils within their dedicated budget. It is unclear whether healthcare budget constraints have affected the region...

    Authors: Magnus Blimark, Per Örtenwall, Hans Lönroth, Peter Mattsson, Kenneth D. Boffard and Yohan Robinson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:12

    Content type: Original research

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  13. Guidelines recommend endotracheal intubation in trauma patients with a Glasgow coma scale (GCS) < 9 because of the loss of airway reflexes and consequential risk of airway obstruction. However, in patients wit...

    Authors: Thomas C. Sauter, Katharina Rönz, Trevor Hirschi, Beat Lehmann, Christopher Hütt, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Martin Müller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:11

    Content type: Original research

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  14. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine whether video laryngoscope (VL) compared with direct laryngoscope (DL) could reduce the occurrence of adverse events associated with tracheal ...

    Authors: Jia Jiang, Na Kang, Bo Li, An-Shi Wu and Fu-Shan Xue

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:10

    Content type: Review

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  15. Resuscitative thoracotomy is a damage control procedure with an established role in the immediate treatment of patients in extremis or cardiac arrest secondary to cardiac tamponade however Its role in resuscit...

    Authors: Michael Hughes and Zane Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:9

    Content type: Original research

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  16. There is little published data investigating non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in the emergency department (ED). We assess here the accuracy of five non-invasive methods in detecting fluid responsiveness ...

    Authors: David McGregor, Shrey Sharma, Saksham Gupta, Shanaz Ahmed and Tim Harris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:8

    Content type: Original research

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  17. Prehospital care has changed in recent decades. Advanced assessments and decisions are made early in the care chain. Patient assessments form the basis of a decision relating to prehospital treatment and the l...

    Authors: Kristoffer Wibring, Carl Magnusson, Christer Axelsson, Peter Lundgren, Johan Herlitz and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:7

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. Nonspecific complaint (NSC) is a common presenting complaint in the emergency setting, especially in the elderly population. Individual studies have shown that it is associated with significant morbidity and m...

    Authors: Kirsi Kemp, Reija Mertanen, Mitja Lääperi, Leila Niemi-Murola, Lasse Lehtonen and Maaret Castren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:6

    Content type: Review

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  19. Fibrinogen concentrate (FC) is frequently used to treat bleeding trauma patients, although the clinical effects are not well known. In this study we describe demographic and clinical outcome data in a cohort o...

    Authors: Lou M. Almskog, Ulf Hammar, Agneta Wikman, Anders Östlund, Jonas Svensson, Michael Wanecek and Anna Ågren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:5

    Content type: Original research

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  20. Disaster resilience is an essential personal characteristics of health rescue workers to respond to disasters in an effective manner, and maintain a state of adaptation after deployment. It is essential for di...

    Authors: Xiaorong MAO, Alice Yuen LOKE and Xiuying HU

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:4

    Content type: Original research

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  21. Therapeutic hypothermia has been recommended for eligible patients after cardiac arrest (CA) in order to improve outcomes. Up to now, several comparative observational studies have evaluated the combined use o...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Zhen Zhen, Jia Na, Qin Wang, Lu Gao and Yue Yuan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:3

    Content type: Original research

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  22. The International Commission on Radiological Protection’s (ICRP) justification principles state that an examination is justified if the potential benefit outweighs the risk for radiation harm. Computer tomogra...

    Authors: Anna Bågenholm, Trond Dehli, Stig Eggen Hermansen, Kristian Bartnes, Marthe Larsen and Tor Ingebrigtsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:2

    Content type: Original research

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  23. According to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), the trigger words used by callers that are associated with cardiac arrest constitute a scientific knowledge gap. This study was design...

    Authors: Joonas Tamminen, Erik Lydén, Jan Kurki, Heini Huhtala, Antti Kämäräinen and Sanna Hoppu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:1

    Content type: Original research

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  24. A factor-based coagulation management following major trauma is recommended as standard of care by the European Trauma Treatment Guidelines. However, concerns about the thromboembolic risk of this approach are...

    Authors: Anais L. Stein, Julian Rössler, Julia Braun, Kai Sprengel, Patrick E. Beeler, Donat R. Spahn, Alexander Kaserer and Philipp Stein

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:117

    Content type: Original research

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  25. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the most urgent and critical step in the rescue of patients with cardiac arrest. However, only about 10% of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to discharge. S...

    Authors: Mao Wang, Xiaoguang Lu, Ping Gong, Yilong Zhong, Dianbo Gong and Yi Song

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:116

    Content type: Review

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  26. Several reports indicate gender disparities in health care provision. There is a well-documented male patient dominance in intensive care unit (ICU) admittance. It is not established if this difference reflect...

    Authors: Emma Larsson, Ann-Charlotte Lindström, Mikael Eriksson and Anders Oldner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:115

    Content type: Original research

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  27. Educating lay public can significantly strengthen the Chain of Survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest. Schoolchildren are an accessible population for learning basic life support (BLS) and use of an aut...

    Authors: Vesna Borovnik Lesjak, Andrej Šorgo and Matej Strnad

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:114

    Content type: Original research

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  28. To date, the decision to set up therapeutic extra-corporeal life support (ECLS) in hypothermia-related cardiac arrest is based on the potassium value only. However, no information is available about how the an...

    Authors: M. Pasquier, M. Blancher, S. Buse, B. Boussat, G. Debaty, M. Kirsch, M. de Riedmatten, P. Schoettker, T. Annecke and P. Bouzat

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:113

    Content type: Original research

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  29. In Europe, survival rates after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) vary widely. Presence/absence and differences in implementation of systems dispatching First Responders (FR) in order to arrive before Emer...

    Authors: Iris Oving, Siobhan Masterson, Ingvild B.M. Tjelmeland, Martin Jonsson, Federico Semeraro, Mattias Ringh, Anatolij Truhlar, Diana Cimpoesu, Fredrik Folke, Stefanie G. Beesems, Rudolph W. Koster, Hanno L. Tan and Marieke T. Blom

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:112

    Content type: Original research

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  30. The national early warning score (NEWS) enables early detection of in-hospital patient deterioration and timely activation of hospital’s rapid response team (RRT). NEWS was updated in 2017 to include a separat...

    Authors: Joonas Tirkkonen, Sari Karlsson and Markus B. Skrifvars

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:111

    Content type: Original research

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  31. Time-saving is constantly sought after in the Emergency Department (ED), and Point-of-Care (POC) testing has been shown to be an effective time-saving intervention. However, when direct costs are compared, the...

    Authors: Lara Nicole Goldstein, Mike Wells and Craig Vincent-Lambert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:110

    Content type: Original research

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  32. The 2015 AHA guidelines recommend that amiodarone should be used for patients with refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). However, the optimal time interval between the incoming call and amiodarone adminis...

    Authors: Dong Keon Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Giwoon Kim, Choung Ah. Lee, Hyung Jun Moon, Jaehoon Oh, Hae Chul Yang, Han Joo Choi, Young Taeck Oh and Seung Min Park

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:109

    Content type: Original research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2020 28:23

  33. Treatment of blunt splenic injury has changed over the past decades. Nonoperative management (NOM) is the treatment of choice. Adequate patient selection is a prerequisite for successful NOM. Impaired mental s...

    Authors: Michel Teuben, Roy Spijkerman, Taco Blokhuis, Roman Pfeifer, Henrik Teuber, Hans-Christoph Pape and Luke Leenen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:108

    Content type: Original research

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  34. The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some important biases in a recently published Article. We agreed with the notion by Yamamoto et al. that the effects of epinephrine regarding was limited with...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki and Toshikazu Abe

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:107

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  35. Considering the significant morbidity and mortality of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, only little data on survival or quality of life after successful resuscitation is available in Europe. Additionally, econo...

    Authors: Raphael Ruch, Laura Stoessel, Philipp Stein, Michael Thomas Ganter and Daniel Anthony Button

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:106

    Content type: Original research

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  36. Accidental hypothermia (AH) is defined as an involuntary decrease in core body temperature to < 35 °C. The management of AH has been progressing over the last few decades, and numerous techniques for rewarming...

    Authors: Makoto Watanabe, Tasuku Matsuyama, Sachiko Morita, Naoki Ehara, Nobuyoshi Miyamae, Yohei Okada, Takaaki Jo, Yasuyuki Sumida, Nobunaga Okada, Masahiro Nozawa, Ayumu Tsuruoka, Yoshihiro Fujimoto, Yoshiki Okumura, Tetsuhisa Kitamura and Bon Ohta

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:105

    Content type: Original research

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  37. Tourniquet is the most widely used and effective first-aid equipment for controlling hemorrhage of injured limb in battlefield. However, time-out application of tourniquets leads to ischemic-necrosis of skelet...

    Authors: Changmei Weng, Kai Lan, Tao Li, Liangchao Zhang, Jianmin Wang and Xinan Lai

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:104

    Content type: Original research

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  38. Severe accidental hypothermia (AH) is life threatening. Thus, prognostic prediction in AH is essential to rapidly initiate intensive care. Several studies on prognostic factors for AH are known, but none have ...

    Authors: Kenji Kandori, Yohei Okada, Tasuku Matsuyama, Sachiko Morita, Naoki Ehara, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Takaaki Jo, Yasuyuki Sumida, Nobunaga Okada, Makoto Watanabe, Masahiro Nozawa, Ayumu Tsuruoka, Yoshihiro Fujimoto, Yoshiki Okumura, Tetsuhisa Kitamura and Ryoji Iiduka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:103

    Content type: Original research

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  39. A national Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) was introduced in Denmark in 2014 to ensure the availability of physician-led critical care for all patients regardless of location.

    Authors: Karen Alstrup, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Lars Knudsen, Troels Martin Hansen, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Leif Rognås and Charlotte Barfod

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:102

    Content type: Original research

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  40. Coma of unknown etiology (CUE) is a major challenge in emergency medicine. CUE is caused by a wide variety of pathologies that require immediate and targeted treatment. However, there is little empirical data ...

    Authors: Wolf Ulrich Schmidt, Christoph J. Ploner, Maximilian Lutz, Martin Möckel, Tobias Lindner and Mischa Braun

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:101

    Content type: Original research

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  41. The emergency medical healthcare system outside hospital varies greatly across the globe - even within the western world. Within the last ten years, the demand for emergency medical service systems has increas...

    Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, Søren Mikkelsen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Poul Anders Hansen, Gitte Jørgensen, Ole Mazur Hendriksen, Hans Kirkegaard, Peter Anthony Berlac and Morten Breinholt Søvsø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:100

    Content type: Review

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  42. Traumatic brain injuries continue to be a significant cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Most traumatic brain injuries are classified as mild, with a low but not negligible risk of intracranial hemorr...

    Authors: Sebastian Svensson, Tomas Vedin, Linus Clausen, Per-Anders Larsson and Marcus Edelhamre

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:99

    Content type: Original research

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  43. Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated inflammation following an infection. However, the impact of this definition on patient care is not fully clear. This study invest...

    Authors: Jenny Klimpel, Lorenz Weidhase, Michael Bernhard, André Gries and Sirak Petros

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:98

    Content type: Original research

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  44. Resuscitation efforts for traumatic patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are not always futile. Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) during emergency calls could increase t...

    Authors: Chien-Hsin Lu, Pin-Hui Fang and Chih-Hao Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:97

    Content type: Original research

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  45. The population of the Kingdom of Bhutan is scattered in small villages throughout the eastern Himalaya. Infants born prematurely in villages have no access to neonatal intensive care until they are transported...

    Authors: Charles Haviland Mize, Lhab Dorji and Ken Zafren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:95

    Content type: Case report

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:96

  46. Access to an Emergency Medical Communication Centre is essential for the population in emergency situations. Handling inbound calls without delay requires managing activity, process and outcome measures of the...

    Authors: Yann Penverne, Brice Leclere, Eric Lecarpentier, Jean-Sébastien Marx, Benjamin Gicquel, Laurent Goix and Paul-Georges Reuter

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:94

    Content type: Original research

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  47. Studies have shown that providing adequate ventilation during CPR is essential. While hypoventilation is often feared by most caregivers on the scene, the most critical problem remains hyperventilation. We dev...

    Authors: Abdo Khoury, Alban De Luca, Fatimata S. Sall, Lionel Pazart and Gilles Capellier

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:93

    Content type: Original research

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