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  1. Content type: Original research

    High demands are placed on the emergency medical services to handle rescue operations in challenging environments such as tunnels. In Oslo, Norway a specialised management function within the emergency medical...

    Authors: Johan Hylander, Britt-Inger Saveman, Ulf Björnstig and Lina Gyllencreutz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:78

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  2. Content type: Guideline

    Traumatic spinal cord injury is a relatively rare injury in Denmark but may result in serious neurological consequences. For decades, prehospital spinal stabilisation with a rigid cervical collar and a hard ba...

    Authors: Christian Maschmann, Elisabeth Jeppesen, Monika Afzali Rubin and Charlotte Barfod

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:77

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  3. Content type: Review

    Clinical reasoning is the process of gathering and understanding information conducted by clinicians in the emergency medical services (EMS) so as to make informed decisions. Research on clinical reasoning spa...

    Authors: Ulf Andersson, Hanna Maurin Söderholm, Birgitta Wireklint Sundström, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara and Henrik Andersson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:76

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Workload is a major determinant of system performance and human well-being. This study aims to evaluate workload in prehospital emergency medicine on a single mission level and investigates influencing factors...

    Authors: Johannes Prottengeier, Johann Georg Keunecke, Christine Gall, Christian Eiche, Andreas Moritz and Torsten Birkholz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:75

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  5. Content type: Original research

    The beneficial effect of epinephrine during resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been inconclusive, and potential harm has been suggested, particularly in trauma victims. Although no si...

    Authors: Ryo Yamamoto, Masaru Suzuki, Kei Hayashida, Jo Yoshizawa, Atsushi Sakurai, Nobuya Kitamura, Takashi Tagami, Taka-aki Nakada, Munekazu Takeda and Junichi Sasaki

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:74

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Dizziness is a frequent reason for visiting emergency departments (EDs). Differentiating stroke from other causes is challenging for physicians. The role of biomarkers has been poorly assessed. We evaluated wh...

    Authors: N. Deboevere, N. Marjanovic, M. Sierecki, M. Marchetti, M. Dubocage, E. Magimel, O. Mimoz and J. Guenezan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:72

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  7. Content type: Original research

    In France, the pre-hospital field triage of trauma patients is currently based on the Vittel criteria algorithm. This algorithm was originally created in 2002 before the stratification of trauma centers and, a...

    Authors: Arnaud Cassignol, Julien Marmin, Jean Cotte, Mickael Cardinale, Julien Bordes, Vanessa Pauly, François Kerbaul, Didier Demory and Eric Meaudre

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:71

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Spinal immobilisation of blunt trauma victims with potential spinal cord injury is considered standard of care. The traditional management has, however, been increasingly questioned and concerns about harm hav...

    Authors: Camilla Ikast Ottosen, Jacob Steinmetz, Mo Haslund Larsen, Josefine S. Baekgaard and Lars S. Rasmussen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:70

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  9. Content type: Review

    Alpine winter sports have become increasingly popular over recent decades, with a similar increase in accident incidence. This review provides an overview of the most recent literature concerning spinal injury...

    Authors: Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Jan Gewiess, Sven Hoppe, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Lorin M. Benneker, Paul Gilbert Fairhurst and Christoph E. Albers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:69

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  10. Content type: Original research

    In-hospital renal replacement therapy (RRT) is widely used for the treatments of acute kidney injury (AKI) in crush injury (CI) victims. This study was designed to investigate whether preventive peritoneal dia...

    Authors: Xian-Long Zhou, Shao-Zhou Ni, Dan Xiong, Xue-Qi Cheng, Peng Xu and Yan Zhao

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:68

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital recognition of sepsis may inform case management by ambulance clinicians, as well as inform transport decisions. The objective of this study was to develop a prehospital sepsis screening tool for u...

    Authors: Michael A. Smyth, Daniel Gallacher, Peter K. Kimani, Mark Ragoo, Matthew Ward and Gavin D. Perkins

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:67

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Intravenous drug infusions in critically ill patients require accurate syringe infusion pumps (SIPs). This is particularly important during transportation of critically ill patients by helicopter emergency med...

    Authors: Marc Blancher, Maxence Repellin, Maxime Maignan, Cyrielle Clapé, Arnaud Perrin, José Labarère, Guillaume Debaty and Damien Viglino

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:65

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  13. Content type: Case report

    We present two cases in which elderly male recreational cyclists suffered from cervical fractures and coinciding injuries of the spinal cord that subsequently led to cardiac arrest.

    Authors: Anne Marie Kabell Nissen, Louise Gramstrup Nielsen, Søren Mikkelsen and Anne Craveiro Brøchner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:64

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Geographical service areas are used as descriptive system indicators in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) related studies and reporting templates. The actual service area may differ significantly from administra...

    Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Anna Olkinuora and Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:63

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Due to its favorable hemodynamic characteristics and by providing good intubation conditions etomidate is often used for induction of general anesthesia in trauma patients. It has been linked to temporary adre...

    Authors: Michael Gäßler, Matthias Ruppert, Rolf Lefering, Bertil Bouillon and Arasch Wafaisade

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:61

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  16. Content type: Original research

    The Swiss staging model for hypothermia uses clinical indicators to stage hypothermia and guide the management of hypothermic patients. The proposed temperature range for clinical stage 1 is < 35–32 °C, for st...

    Authors: M. Pasquier, P. N. Carron, A. Rodrigues, F. Dami, V. Frochaux, C. Sartori, T. Deslarzes and V. Rousson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:60

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  17. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to respond to a comment highlighting potential statistical biases in an analysis of our recently published article. We therefore specified the method for selecting the ...

    Authors: François Javaudin, Arnaud Legrand, Philippe Pes, Emmanuel Montassier and Christelle Volteau

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:59

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  18. Content type: Review

    Dysnatremias are common electrolyte disturbances with significant morbidity and mortality. In chronic dysnatremias a slow correction rate (<10 mmol/L/24 h) is indicated to avoid neurological complications. In ...

    Authors: David Joergensen, Kiarash Tazmini and Dag Jacobsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:58

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  19. Content type: Original research

    The objective of this study was to investigate how the terrorist attack in Stockholm, Sweden affected patient inflow to the general emergency departments (EDs) in close proximity of the attack. The study analy...

    Authors: Andreas Ekström, Fredrik Eng-Larsson, Olov Isaksson, Lisa Kurland and Martin Nordberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:57

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  20. Content type: Original research

    We wanted to define metabolomic patterns in plasma to predict a negative outcome in severe trauma patients.

    Authors: Luis Servià, Mariona Jové, Joaquim Sol, Reinald Pamplona, Mariona Badia, Neus Montserrat, Manuel Portero-Otin and Javier Trujillano

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:56

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Obtaining accurate information from a 112 caller is key to correct tasking of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS). Being able to view the incident scene via video from a mobile phone may assist HEMS d...

    Authors: E. ter Avest, E. Lambert, R. de Coverly, H. Tucker, J. Griggs, M. H. Wilson, A. Ghorbangholi, J. Williams and R. M. Lyon

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:55

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  22. Content type: Original research

    Diagnostic errors occur frequently, especially in the emergency room. Estimates about the consequences of diagnostic error vary widely and little is known about the factors predicting error. Our objectives thu...

    Authors: Wolf E. Hautz, Juliane E. Kämmer, Stefanie C. Hautz, Thomas C. Sauter, Laura Zwaan, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Tanja Birrenbach, Volker Maier, Martin Müller and Stefan K. Schauber

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:54

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Recent studies have revealed socioeconomic disparities in stroke outcomes. Here, we investigated whether prehospital stroke care differs with respect to socioeconomic status (SES).

    Authors: Amanda Niklasson, Johan Herlitz and Katarina Jood

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:53

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Trauma triage based on prehospital information facilitates correct allocation of in-hospital resources. The Swedish national two-tier trauma team activation (TTA) criteria were revised in 2016. The current stu...

    Authors: Fredrik Linder, Lina Holmberg, Martin Bjorck, Claes Juhlin, Knut Thorbjornsen, Jan Wisinger, Per Polleryd, Hampus Eklof and Kevin Mani

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:52

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Sepsis is a common critical condition caused by the body’s overwhelming response to certain infective agents. Many biomarkers, including the serum lactate level, have been used for sepsis diagnosis and guiding...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Liu, Zibo Meng, Yongfeng Li, Jingyuan Zhao, Shihong Wu, Shanmiao Gou and Heshui Wu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:51

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  26. Content type: Original research

    Existing difficult airway prediction tools are not practical for emergency intubation and do not incorporate physiological data. The HEAVEN criteria (Hypoxaemia, Extremes of size, Anatomic challenges, Vomit/bl...

    Authors: Fauzia Nausheen, Nichole P. Niknafs, Derek J. MacLean, David J. Olvera, Allen C. Wolfe Jr, Troy W. Pennington and Daniel P. Davis

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:50

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  27. Content type: Case report

    In paediatric trauma patients, tracheobronchial injury can be a rare, life-threatening trauma. In 2011, we instituted a new trauma workflow concept called the hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER) that combines a ...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuhei Maruyama, Fukuki Saito, Hiroyuki Kaneda, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:49

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) is widely used to reverse the action of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in accordance with current guidelines and because of a lack of specific reversal agents. Indicat...

    Authors: Martin Müller, Jonathan Eastline, Michael Nagler, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Thomas C. Sauter

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:48

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  29. Content type: Original research

    The Shenkursk Injury Registry (SHIR) was established in the Shenkursk District, Northwestern Russia in 2015 for the purposes of primary prevention. The SHIR covers all injuries (ICD-10 diagnoses from S00 to T7...

    Authors: Tatiana N Unguryanu, Andrej M Grjibovski, Tordis A Trovik, Børge Ytterstad and Alexander V Kudryavtsev

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:47

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  30. Content type: Original research

    There is a growing demand for emergency medical services (EMS) and patients are repeatedly transported by ambulance services. For many patients, especially those with chronic disease, there may be better ways ...

    Authors: Morten Breinholt Søvsø, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Poul Anders Hansen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:46

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Recommendations regarding decompression of tension pneumothorax in small children are scarce and mainly transferred from the adult literature without existing evidence for the paediatric population. This CT-ba...

    Authors: Tom Terboven, Georg Leonhard, Lucas Wessel, Tim Viergutz, Marcus Rudolph, Michael Schöler, Meike Weis and Holger Haubenreisser

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:45

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Telephone triage entails assessment of urgency and direction of flow in out-of-hours (OOH) services, while visual cues are inherently lacking. Triage tools are recommended but current tools fail to provide sys...

    Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Erika Frishknecht Christensen, Freddy Lippert, Fredrik Folke, Ingrid Egerod, Mikkel Brabrand, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup, Lau Caspar Thygesen and Linda Huibers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:44

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a prognostic and nonspecific biomarker associated with short-term mortality in emergency department (ED) patients. Therefore, the blood level of suPA...

    Authors: Martin Schultz, Line J. H. Rasmussen, Thomas Kallemose, Erik Kjøller, Morten N. Lind, Lisbet Ravn, Theis Lange, Lars Køber, Lars S. Rasmussen, Jesper Eugen-Olsen and Kasper Iversen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:43

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital Emergency Anaesthesia (PHEA) is regarded as one of the highest risk interventions that pre-hospital providers perform. AAGBI guidance from 2017 suggests the use of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs...

    Authors: James Raitt, James Hudgell, Henry Knott and Syed Masud

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:42

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  35. Content type: Original research

    Preparation for a disaster or accident-related mass casualty events is often based on experience. The objective measures or tools for evaluating decision-making and effectiveness during such events are underde...

    Authors: Chih-Chuan Lin, Chin-Chieh Wu, Chi-Dan Chen and Kuan-Fu Chen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:41

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) affects some 275,000 individuals in Europe each year. Time from collapse to defibrillation is essential for survival. As emergency medical services (EMS) response times in...

    Authors: J. Sanfridsson, J. Sparrevik, J. Hollenberg, P. Nordberg, T. Djärv, M. Ringh, L. Svensson, S. Forsberg, A. Nord, M. Andersson-Hagiwara and A. Claesson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:40

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly half of all deaths in Poland. The aim of this study was to assess both the duration and the delays of prehospital treatment in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction...

    Authors: Magdalena Żurowska-Wolak, Patryk Piekos, Jacek Jąkała and Marcin Mikos

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:39

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  38. Content type: Original research

    The Danish Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) is part of the Danish pre-hospital response offering advanced patient care on scene and during rapid transport to definitive care.

    Authors: Karen Alstrup, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Charlotte Barfod, Lars Knudsen, Leif Rognås and Thea Palsgaard Møller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:38

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  39. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some methodological shortcomings in a recently published Article. We proved that the obtained results are subjected to the sparse data bias and presented some...

    Authors: Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi and Mohammad Hossein Panahi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:37

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  40. Content type: Original research

    In Germany, emergency medical teams are staffed with physicians but evidence regarding their prehospital diagnostic accuracy remains poor.

    Authors: Jens-Christian Schewe, Jochen Kappler, Katharina Dovermann, Ingo Graeff, Stefan Felix Ehrentraut, Ulrich Heister, Andreas Hoeft, Stefan Ulrich Weber and Stefan Muenster

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:36

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) are an integral part of emergency medical care. EMS planning can be achieved by analyzing patterns of use. However, long-term time trends of EMS use have rarely be...

    Authors: Kathrin Hegenberg, Heiko Trentzsch, Stefan Gross and Stephan Prückner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:35

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  42. Content type: Original research

    People experiencing a mental health crisis receive variable and poorer quality care than those experiencing a physical health crisis. Little is known about the epidemiology, subsequent care pathways of mental ...

    Authors: Edward A. S. Duncan, Catherine Best, Nadine Dougall, Silje Skar, Josie Evans, Alasdair R. Corfield, David Fitzpatrick, Isabella Goldie, Margaret Maxwell, Helen Snooks, Cameron Stark, Chris White and Wojtek Wojcik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:34

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  43. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The European HEMS and Air ambulance Committee’s Medical working group recently published Best Practice advice on pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia and advanced airway management. We believe that this initiati...

    Authors: Jostein S. Hagemo, Per P. Bredmose, Halvard Stave, Marius Rehn and Christian Buskop

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:33

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  44. Content type: Original research

    Arterial blood gas analysis is an important diagnostic tool in managing critically ill patients within the hospital. Whether prehospital application of this diagnostic modality contributes to more exact diagno...

    Authors: Stine T. Zwisler, Yecatarina Zincuk, Caroline B. Bering, Aleksander Zincuk, Mads Nybo and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:32

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  45. Content type: Original research

    A female survival advantage after injury has been observed, and animal models of trauma have suggested either hormonal or genetic mechanisms as component causes. Our aim was to compare age and risk-adjusted se...

    Authors: Robert Larsen, Denise Bäckström, Mats Fredrikson, Ingrid Steinvall, Rolf Gedeborg and Folke Sjoberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:24

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  46. Content type: Original research

    While the incidence and aspects of pneumonia in ICU patients has been extensively discussed in the literature, studies on the occurrence of pneumonia in severely injured patients are rare. The aim of the prese...

    Authors: Sebastian Wutzler, Felix M. Bläsius, Philipp Störmann, Thomas Lustenberger, Michael Frink, Marc Maegele, Matthias Weuster, Jörg Bayer, Michael Caspers, Andreas Seekamp, Ingo Marzi, Hagen Andruszkow and Frank Hildebrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:31

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  47. Content type: Original research

    There is little published data investigating non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in the emergency department (ED). We assessed six non-invasive fluid responsiveness monitoring methods which measure cardiac ...

    Authors: D. McGregor, S. Sharma, S. Gupta, S. Ahmad, T. Godec and Tim Harris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2019 27:30

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