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  1. Content type: Original research

    Current data on anaphylaxis is based on retrospective and register based studies. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of anaphylaxis in a 1 year prospective study at the emergency care...

    Authors: Athamaica Ruiz Oropeza, Annmarie Lassen, Susanne Halken, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen and Charlotte G Mortz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:111

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is associated with a high mortality rate and the paradigm of treating patients with BTAI currently favours thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) if possible. In BTAI...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Hiromu Iwamura, Noriyuki Miyama, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:110

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  3. Content type: Original research

    High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral marke...

    Authors: Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:109

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a host response to infection. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) score has been recently proposed as a new bedside clinical score to identify patients with...

    Authors: Selin Tusgul, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Thierry Calandra and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:108

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  5. Content type: Original research

    International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high p...

    Authors: B. Ali Ali, R. Lefering, M. Fortun Moral and T. Belzunegui Otano

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:107

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often require prehospital emergency treatment. This enables patients who are less ill to be treated on-site and to avoid hospital admis...

    Authors: Katrine P. Lindvig, Anne C. Brøchner, Annmarie T. Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:106

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  7. Content type: Original research

    Intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy has been shown to increase blood pressure in hypotensive patients. The potential value of this therapy in patients with hypotension secondary to trauma with blee...

    Authors: Victor A. Convertino, Brent A. Parquette, David A. Wampler, Craig A. Manifold, David A. Lindstrom, Lori L. Boland, Nathan T. Burkhart, Keith G. Lurie and Charles J. Lick

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:105

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Laryngeal tube (LT) application by rescue personnel as an alternate airway during the early stages of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still subject of debate. We evaluated ease of handling and efficac...

    Authors: Anna Fiala, Wolfgang Lederer, Agnes Neumayr, Tamara Egger, Sabrina Neururer, Ernst Toferer, Michael Baubin and Peter Paal

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:104

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  9. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Jon Gitz Holler, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Court Pedersen and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:103

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:87

  10. Content type: Original research

    Intensive care scoring systems are widely used in intensive care units (ICU) around the world for case-mix adjustment in research and benchmarking. The aim of our study was to investigate the usefulness of com...

    Authors: Marika Fallenius, Markus B. Skrifvars, Matti Reinikainen, Stepani Bendel and Rahul Raj

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:102

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Even in a landlocked country like Switzerland recreational diving is becoming more and more popular. Smaller lakes in the Alps are located at an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. The incidence of diving acci...

    Authors: Daniel Steffensmeier, Roland Albrecht, Jürg Wendling, Roger Melliger, Donat R. Spahn, Philipp Stein and Christophe Wyss

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:101

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Mortality as an endpoint has been the focus of trauma research whereas few studies investigate long-term outcomes in terms of morbidity. An adequate analysis of post-injury morbidity includes several dimension...

    Authors: Erik von Oelreich, Mikael Eriksson, Olof Brattström, Andrea Discacciati, Lovisa Strömmer, Anders Oldner and Emma Larsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:100

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Conventional coagulation tests do not provide an accurate representation of the complex nature of trauma induced coagulopathy. Thrombelastography provides a prompt global overview of all dynamic sequential asp...

    Authors: Mohamed Mohamed, Karl Majeske, Gul R. Sachwani, Kristin Kennedy, Mina Salib and Michael McCann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:99

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Overdoses from so-called “club drugs” (GHB/GBL) have become a more frequent cause of overdoses attended by ambulance services. Given its availability, affordability, and lack of awareness of risks, there is a ...

    Authors: Desiree Madah-Amiri, Lars Myrmel and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:98

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  15. Content type: Original research

    Critically ill patients need to be immediately identified, properly managed, and rapidly transported to definitive care. Extensive prehospital times may increase mortality in selected patient groups. The on-sc...

    Authors: Øyvind Østerås, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Bjørn-Christian Vikenes, Jörg Assmus and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:97

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  16. Content type: Original research

    The ‘Sepsis 6’, a care bundle of basic, but vital, measures (e.g. intravenous fluid, antibiotics) has been implemented to improve sepsis treatment. However, uptake has been variable. Tools from behavioral scie...

    Authors: Neil Roberts, Guy Hooper, Fabiana Lorencatto, Wendell Storr and Michael Spivey

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:96

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  17. Content type: Original research

    We investigated the relationship between neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest (CA) to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (CA-to-ECMO) in patients with out-of-hospita...

    Authors: Takahiro Yukawa, Masahiro Kashiura, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Takahiro Tanabe and Yuichi Hamabe

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:95

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  18. Content type: Original research

    After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hypotension, hypoxia and hypercapnia have been shown to result in secondary brain injury that can lead to increased mortality and disability. Effective prehospital assessmen...

    Authors: Toni Pakkanen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Jouni Nurmi, Ilkka Virkkunen and Arvi Yli-Hankala

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:94

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  19. Content type: Original research

    The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of str...

    Authors: Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg and Lennart Nilsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:93

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Point-of-care (POC) testing is highly useful when treating critically ill patients. In case of difficult vascular access, the intraosseous (IO) route is commonly used, and blood is aspirated to confirm the cor...

    Authors: Milla Jousi, Simo Saikko and Jouni Nurmi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:92

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Sepsis recognition in older emergency department (ED) patients is difficult due to atypical symptom presentation. We therefore investigated whether the prognostic and discriminative performance of the five mos...

    Authors: Bas de Groot, Frank Stolwijk, Mats Warmerdam, Jacinta A. Lucke, Gurpreet K. Singh, Mo Abbas, Simon P. Mooijaart, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas and Douwe Rijpsma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:91

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  22. Content type: Original research

    New and inexperienced emergency medical service (EMS) professionals lack important experience. To prevent medical errors and improve retention there is an urgent need to identify ways to support new profession...

    Authors: Anna Hörberg, Maria Jirwe, Susanne Kalén, Veronica Vicente and Veronica Lindström

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:89

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Medical transport (MT) professionals are subject to considerable emotional demands due to their involvement in life-or-death situations and their exposure to the serious health problems of their clients. An in...

    Authors: P. Navarro Moya, M. González Carrasco and E. Villar Hoz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:88

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Although the term “polytrauma” has been in use for decades, no generally accepted definition exists. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that different polytrauma definitions applied to a specific patient...

    Authors: Stephan Frenzel, Philipp Krenn, Thomas Heinz and Lukas Leopold Negrin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:87

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  25. Content type: Original research

    Variations in the activity of emergency dispatch centers are an obstacle to the rationalization of resource allocation. Many explanatory factors are well known, available in advance and could predict the volum...

    Authors: Damien Viglino, Aurelien Vesin, Stephane Ruckly, Xavier Morelli, Rémi Slama, Guillaume Debaty, Vincent Danel, Maxime Maignan and Jean-François Timsit

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:86

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  26. Content type: Original research

    Seizure is a common complication for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Valproic acid (VPA) is a first-line antiepileptic drug, though its metabolism is affected by genetic polymorphisms and varies between i...

    Authors: Yirui Sun, Jian Yu, Qiang Yuan, Xing Wu, Xuehai Wu and Jin Hu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:85

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  27. Content type: Original research

    To reduce the possibility of secondary deterioration of spinal injuries, it is desirable to maintain the spinal immobilisation that is applied in the prehospital setting throughout computed tomography (CT) sca...

    Authors: Pål Johan Stokkeland, Erlend Andersen, Maria Myhre Bjørndal, Arne Morten Mikalsen, Sindre Aslaksen and Per Kristian Hyldmo

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:84

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Major trauma is often life threatening and the leading cause of death in the United Kingdom (UK) for adults aged less than 45 years old. This study aimed to identify pre-hospital factors associated with patien...

    Authors: Lee Thompson, Michael Hill, Caroline Davies, Gary Shaw and Matthew D Kiernan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:83

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    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:113

  29. Content type: Original research

    Thoracic injuries are a leading cause of death in polytrauma patients. Early diagnosis and treatment are of paramount importance. Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) has largely replaced traditional imaging ...

    Authors: Patricia Lang, Martin Kulla, Fabian Kerwagen, Rolf Lefering, Benedikt Friemert and Hans-Georg Palm

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:82

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that causes numerous visits to emergency departments (ED). The aim of the FinFib2 study was to evaluate whether treatment of patients with AF in ED is consistent...

    Authors: Tero Penttilä, Heikki Mäkynen, Juha Hartikainen, Harri Hyppölä, Timo Lauri, Mika Lehto, Juha Lund and MJ Pekka Raatikainen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:81

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  31. Content type: Original research

    Older patients are at particular risk of experiencing adverse events during hospitalisation.

    Authors: Camilla Strøm, Talie Khadem Mollerup, Laurits Schou Kromberg, Lars Simon Rasmussen and Thomas Andersen Schmidt

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:80

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital trauma care is stressful and requires multi-professional teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills and underlines the importance of effective ...

    Authors: David Häske, Stefan K. Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Paul A. Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Vassilios Papathanassiou and Matthias Münzberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:79

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is common in emergency departments (EDs) and can be caused by many eso-gastro-duodenal lesions. Most available epidemiological data and data on the management of UGB comes...

    Authors: Pierre-Clément Thiebaud, Youri Yordanov, Jacques-Emmanuel Galimard, Pierre-Alexis Raynal, Sébastien Beaune, Laurent Jacquin, François-Xavier Ageron and Dominique Pateron

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:78

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Rapid response teams (RRTs) attend severely ill general ward patients whose average 30-day mortality is near 30%. A major part of RRT patients are over 75 years old, but there are no studies on the characteris...

    Authors: Joonas Tirkkonen, Piritta Setälä and Sanna Hoppu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:77

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  35. Content type: Original research

    The anticoagulated trauma patient presents a particular challenge to the critical care physician. Our understanding of these patients is defined and extrapolated by experience with patients on warfarin pre-inj...

    Authors: Brendan Wood, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Michelle Sholzberg, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips and Alun D. Ackery

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:76

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Many critically ill patients experience moderate to severe acute pain that is frequently undetected and/or undertreated. Acute pain in this patient cohort not only derives from their injury and/or illness, but...

    Authors: Wayne Varndell, Margaret Fry and Doug Elliott

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:75

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Although many hemodynamically unstable trauma patients undergo computed tomography (CT) to identify a source of bleeding, this practice is currently only recommended by a few guidelines. To clarify whether CT ...

    Authors: Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi and Shunichi Fukuhara

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:74

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destina...

    Authors: Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K. Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson and Alexander Wahba

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:73

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  39. Content type: Original research

    In 2002, the World Congress on Drowning developed a uniform definition for drowning. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of “non-uniform drowning terminology” (NUDT) and “non-uniform drowning ...

    Authors: Andrew C. Schmidt, Justin R. Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga, Matt S. Davison, Ryan J. Zeigler and Sean J. McAlister

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:72

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  40. Content type: Review

    This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyanc...

    Authors: Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet, Renate F. Speijers, Nico W. Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen and Sivera A.A. Berben

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:71

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is not uncommon, but nationwide epidemiological data are limited. We conducted a study in Taiwan to fill the data gaps.

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su and How-Ran Guo

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:70

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Elevated lactate has been found to be associated with a higher mortality in a diverse patient population. The aim of the study is to investigate if initial serum lactate level is independently associated with ...

    Authors: Ralphe Bou Chebl, Christopher El Khuri, Ali Shami, Eva Rajha, Nagham Faris, Rana Bachir and Gilbert Abou Dagher

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:69

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  43. Content type: Original research

    The effects of target temperature management (TTM) on the heart aren’t thoroughly studied yet. Several studies showed the prolongation of various ECG parameters including Tpeak-Tend-time under TTM. Our study’s...

    Authors: Sophie von Ulmenstein, Christian Storm, Thomas G. K. Breuer, Sebastian Lask, Philipp Attanasio, Andreas Mügge and Alexander Wutzler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:68

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  44. Content type: Original research

    In the Netherlands prehospital trauma care is provided by emergency medical services (EMS) nurses. This care is extended by Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (P-HEMS) for the more severel...

    Authors: Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Leo Maria George Geeraedts Jr., Georgios Fredericus Giannakopoulos, Maartje Terra, Herman M. T. Christiaans, Lidwine Brigitta Mokkink and Frank Willem Bloemers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:67

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with a high mortality rate. Furthermore, the few survivors often have severe, persistent cerebral dysfunction. A potential cause for this unsatisfactory outcom...

    Authors: Georg Trummer, Alexander Supady, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Christian Scherer, Tobias Wengenmayer, Markus Umhau and Christoph Benk

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:66

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  46. Content type: Original research

    Albumin may be beneficial in patients with septic shock but availability is limited and cost is high. The objective of the present study was to investigate if the use of dextran-70 in addition to albumin and c...

    Authors: Peter Bentzer, Marcus Broman and Thomas Kander

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:65

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  47. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI) pose a significant burden globally, while existing epidemiological data–especially on population mortality–are limited. The aim of this study was to calculate the age-stan...

    Authors: Marek Majdan, Dominika Plancikova, Eva Nemcovska, Lenka Krajcovicova, Alexandra Brazinova and Martin Rusnak

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:64

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  48. Content type: Original research

    Resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can maintain hemodynamic stability during hemorrhagic shock after a following torso injury, although inappropriate balloon placement may induce brain or vis...

    Authors: Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi and Ryoji Iiduka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:63

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  49. Content type: Case Report

    During maternal cardiac arrest, emergency hysterotomy (EH) is recommended after four minutes of resuscitation, if no signs of spontaneous circulation are detected. This extreme procedure is believed to be pote...

    Authors: Miretta Tommila, Mikko Pystynen, Hanna Soukka, Fatih Aydin and Matias Rantanen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:62

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