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  1. Content type: Original research

    The Danish Regions Pediatric Triage model (DRPT) was introduced in 2012 and subsequent implemented in most Danish acute pediatric departments. The aim was to evaluate the validity of DRPT as a screening tool t...

    Authors: Lotte Høeg Hansen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Lena Wittenhoff and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:55

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  2. Content type: Original research

    Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) treatment has been revolutionised in the last two decades with the increasing use of Intravenous Thrombolysis (IVT) and with the advent of Endovascular therapy (EVT). AIS treatment ...

    Authors: Rajiv Advani, Halvor Naess and Martin W. Kurz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:54

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  3. Content type: Original research

    The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in ...

    Authors: Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson and Tore Vikström

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:53

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Telephone consultation and triage are used to limit the workload on emergency departments. Lack of visual cues and clinical tests put telephone consultations to a disadvantage compared to face-to-face consulta...

    Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Freddy K. Lippert and Ingrid Egerod

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:52

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  5. Content type: Original research

    In order to dispatch ambulances with the correct level of urgency, the dispatch center has to balance the perceived urgency and traffic safety considerations with the available resources. As urgency is not cle...

    Authors: Peter Bank Pedersen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:51

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Post-craniotomy intracranial air can be present in patients scheduled for air ambulance transport to their home hospital. We aimed to assess risk for in-flight intracranial pressure (ICP) increases related to ...

    Authors: Helge Brändström, Anna Sundelin, Daniela Hoseason, Nina Sundström, Richard Birgander, Göran Johansson, Ola Winsö, Lars-Owe Koskinen and Michael Haney

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:50

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  7. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this study was to develop a scoring system for identifying the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients with a good potential for recovery prior to the initiation of induced therapeutic hypother...

    Authors: Mitsuaki Nishikimi, Naoyuki Matsuda, Kota Matsui, Kunihiko Takahashi, Tadashi Ejima, Keibun Liu, Takayuki Ogura, Michiko Higashi, Hitoshi Umino, Go Makishi, Atsushi Numaguchi, Satoru Matsushima, Hideki Tokuyama, Mitsunobu Nakamura and Shigeyuki Matsui

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:49

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Most fatal poisonings occur outside the hospital and the victims found dead. The purpose of this study was to determine the general pattern and patient demographics of fatal poisonings in Northern Finland. In ...

    Authors: Lauri Koskela, Lasse Raatiniemi, Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tero Ala-Kokko and Janne Liisanantti

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:48

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Experimental research suggests that females have a higher survival rate after trauma, although this claim is controversial. This study sought to determine the role of sex on mortality among trauma patients in ...

    Authors: Ziqiang Zhu, Xiaoping Shang, Peiyi Qi and Shengli Ma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:47

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  10. Content type: Original research

    Recently, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has become the rewarming treatment of choice in hypothermic cardiac arrest. The detailed indications for extracorporeal rewarming in non-ar...

    Authors: Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Anna Jarosz, Aleksander Zeliaś, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Sanak, Kinga Sałapa, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstany-Kalandyk, Robert Gałązkowski, Paweł Krawczyk, Łukasz Krzych and Rafał Drwiła

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:46

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  11. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer’s qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-ho...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger and Wolfgang G. Voelckel

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:45

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Treatment-limiting decisions (TLD) for severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) have been sparsely studied. This study determine prevalence, main reason for, categories and timing of TLDs in a Norwegian regional t...

    Authors: Annette Robertsen, Reidun Førde, Nils Oddvar Skaga and Eirik Helseth

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:44

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Hypothermia is common in trauma victims and is associated with increased mortality, however its causes are little known. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with hypothermia...

    Authors: Frédéric Lapostolle, James Couvreur, François Xavier Koch, Dominique Savary, Armelle Alhéritière, Michel Galinski, Jean-Luc Sebbah, Karim Tazarourte and Frédéric Adnet

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:43

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  14. Content type: Review

    Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome o...

    Authors: Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A. Schmid and Gregor J. Kocher

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:42

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  15. Content type: Original research

    It is suggested in literature to use the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as an outcome indicator for evaluating trauma centre performances. In order to predict HRQoL, characteristics that could be of in...

    Authors: Amy Gunning, Mark van Heijl, Karlijn van Wessem and Luke Leenen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:41

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  16. Content type: Original research

    Dispatch centres (DCs) are considered an essential but expensive component of many highly developed healthcare systems. The number of DCs in a country, region, or state is usually based on local history and of...

    Authors: Alexandre Moser, Annette Mettler, Vincent Fuchs, Walter Hanhart, Claude-François Robert, Vincent Della Santa and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:40

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  17. Content type: Review

    Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopath...

    Authors: Mathilde Fahrendorff, Roberto S. Oliveri and Pär I. Johansson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:39

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  18. Content type: Original research

    Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in milit...

    Authors: Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark and Klas Karlgren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:38

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  19. Content type: Original research

    There is a need for a prehospital stroke test that in addition to high sensitivity for stroke, also is able to communicate stroke severity similar to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).

    Authors: Gunnar Andsberg, Magnus Esbjörnsson, Arne Olofsson, Arne Lindgren, Bo Norrving and Mia von Euler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:37

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  20. Content type: Original research

    The present study evaluates whether the quality of advanced cardiac life support (ALS) is improved with an interactive prototype assist device. This device consists of an automated external defibrillator linke...

    Authors: Rainer Nitzschke, Christoph Doehn, Jan F. Kersten, Julian Blanz, Tobias J. Kalwa, Norman A. Scotti and Jens C. Kubitz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:36

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  21. Content type: Original article

    Discussions on ethical aspects of life-and-death decisions within the hospital are often made in plenary. The prehospital physician, however, may be faced with ethical dilemmas in life-and-death decisions when...

    Authors: Søren Mikkelsen, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Hans Morten Lossius, Palle Toft and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:35

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  22. Content type: Original research

    The return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (RACA) score may have implications as a quality indicator for the emergency medical services (EMS) system. We aimed to validate this score exte...

    Authors: Petteri Kupari, Markus Skrifvars and Markku Kuisma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:34

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Trauma resuscitation has undergone a paradigm shift with new emphasis on the early use of blood products and increased proportions of plasma and platelets. However, it is unclear how this strategy is applied o...

    Authors: Brett Mador, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Simon Hollands and Sandro Rizoli

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:33

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  24. Content type: Commentary

    The chain of trauma survival is a concept that originated in the area of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and was adapted to the treatment of trauma. In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest research into bystan...

    Authors: Håkon Kvåle Bakke and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:32

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  25. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: Osama Bin Abdullah, Johannes Grand, Astha Sijapati, Petrine Nimskov, Finn Erland Nielsen, Jens Christian Schmidt, Noel Pérez, Tanja Kirkegaard, Marianne Fløjstrup, Mikkel Brabrand, Mathias Galthen-Sørensen, Rasa Ramoskiene, Arman Arshad, Annmarie Lassen, Lars Stubbe Teglbjærg, O. Andersen…

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25(Suppl 2):29

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 25 Supplement 2

  26. Content type: Original research

    Targeted temperature management in cardiac arrest was introduced following evidence of increased survival from two controlled trials published in 2002. We wanted to investigate whether the introduction of targ...

    Authors: Eirik A. Buanes, Karl O. Hufthammer, Jørund Langørgen, Anne-Berit Guttormsen and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:31

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Fibrinogen and prothrombin have been suggested to become rate limiting in trauma associated coagulopathy. Administration of fibrinogen is now recommended, however, the importance of prothrombin to patient outc...

    Authors: Clare A. Balendran, Ann Lövgren, Kenny M. Hansson, Karin Nelander, Marita Olsson, Karin J. Johansson, Karim Brohi, Dietmar Fries and Anders Berggren

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:30

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  28. Content type: Original research

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a devastating soft tissue infection associated with potentially poor outcomes. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score has been introduced as a diag...

    Authors: Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Insolvisagan N. Mudali, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Rifat Latifi and Hassan Al-Thani

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:28

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  29. Content type: Original research

    Emergency medical communication centres (EMCCs) dispatch and allocate ambulance resources, and provide first-aid guidance to on-scene bystanders. We aimed to 1) evaluate whether dispatcher guidance improved by...

    Authors: Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Håkon Ruud and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:27

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Although the recreational use of psychoactive substances is common there is only limited systematic collection of data on acute drug toxicity or hospital presentations. Currently, data from Switzerland are onl...

    Authors: Evangelia Liakoni, Sabine Müller, Adrian Stoller, Meret Ricklin, Matthias E. Liechti and Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:26

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  31. Content type: Review

    Fluid therapy is a common and crucial treatment in the emergency department (ED). While fluid responsiveness seems to be a promising method to titrate fluid therapy, the evidence for its value in ED is unclear...

    Authors: Mohammed H. Elwan, Ashraf Roshdy, Eman M. Elsharkawy, Salah M. Eltahan and Timothy J. Coats

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:25

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital intravenous access provides the opportunity to sample blood from an emergency patient at the earliest possible moment in the course of acute illness and in a state prior to therapeutic intervention...

    Authors: Johannes Prottengeier, Nicola Jess, Frank Harig, Christine Gall, Joachim Schmidt and Torsten Birkholz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:24

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Current sepsis screening tools rely on vital parameters which are, however, normal in one third of patients with serious infections. Therefore, there is a need to include other variables than vital parameters ...

    Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Katarina Eva Margareta Bohm and Lisa Kurland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:23

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Pre-hospital emergency care requires proper categorization of emergency calls and assessment of emergency priority levels by the medical dispatchers. We investigated predictors for emergency call categorizatio...

    Authors: Thea Palsgaard Møller, Thora Majlund Kjærulff, Søren Viereck, Doris Østergaard, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll and Freddy K. Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:22

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with higher mortality in the acute phase than other stroke types. There is a particular risk of early and devastating re-bleeding. Patients therefore need urgent ass...

    Authors: Maren Ranhoff Hov, Annette Ryen, Katrine Finsnes, Janne Storflor, Thomas Lindner, Jostein Gleditsch and Christian Georg Lund

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:21

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  36. Content type: Original research

    As many as half of all patients with major traumatic injuries do not receive the recommended care, with variance in preventable mortality reported across the globe. This variance highlights the need for a comp...

    Authors: Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Amy McCarthy, Kellie Wilson, Connie Van, Belinda Kennedy, Gary Tall, Andrew Holland, Kim Foster, Stuart Dickinson and Henry T. Stelfox

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:20

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  37. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic rib fractures can cause chest complications that need further treatment and hospitalization. We hypothesized that an increase in the number of displaced rib fractures will be accompanied by an increa...

    Authors: Chih-Ying Chien, Yu-Hsien Chen, Shih-Tsung Han, Gerald N. Blaney, Ting-Shuo Huang and Kuan-Fu Chen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:19

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  38. Content type: Original research

    Transportation by helicopter may reduce time to hospital admission and improve outcome. We aimed to investigate the effect of transport mode on mortality, disability, and labour market affiliation in patients ...

    Authors: Kamilia S. Funder, Lars S. Rasmussen, Nicolai Lohse, Rasmus Hesselfeldt, Volkert Siersma, Jesper Gyllenborg, Sandra Wulffeld, Ole M. Hendriksen, Freddy K. Lippert and Jacob Steinmetz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:18

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  39. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: Alexander White, Han Xian Ng, Wai Yee Ng, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Alvilda Thougaard Steensberg, Lars Bredevang Andersen, Mette Mølby Eriksen, Ole Mazur Hendriksen, Thomas Thougaard, Andreas Claesson, J. Lennartsson, L. Svensson, M. Ringh…

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25(Suppl 1):16

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 25 Supplement 1

  40. Content type: Original research article

    Although differences of opinion and controversies may arise, lessons learned from military conflicts often translate into improvements in triage, resuscitation strategies, and surgical technique. Our fully int...

    Authors: Jeffry L. Kashuk, Kobi Peleg, Elon Glassberg, Adi Givon, Irina Radomislensky and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:17

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  41. Content type: Original research

    Severe accidental hypothermia can cause circulatory disturbances ranging from cardiac arrhythmias through circulatory shock to cardiac arrest. Severity of shock, pulmonary hypoperfusion and ventilation-perfusi...

    Authors: Tomasz Darocha, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Paweł Podsiadło, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk and Rafał Drwiła

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:15

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  42. Content type: Original research

    There is increasing interest for quality measurement in health care services; pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) included. However, attempts of measuring the quality of physician-staffed EMS (P-EMS)...

    Authors: Helge Haugland, Marius Rehn, Pål Klepstad and Andreas Krüger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:14

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  43. Content type: Original research

    The Emergency Department (ED) is prone to diagnostic error. Most frequent diagnostic errors involved “minor” trauma. Our goal was to determine how frequently a missed diagnosis was detected during follow up an...

    Authors: Pieter-Jan Moonen, Luc Mercelina, Willem Boer and Tom Fret

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:13

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  44. Content type: Original research

    Early transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC) has been associated with improved survival in patients with haemorrhagic shock. This study aims to describe the characteristics of patients receiving pre-hosp...

    Authors: Richard M. Lyon, Eleanor de Sausmarez, Emily McWhirter, Gary Wareham, Magnus Nelson, Ashley Matthies, Anthony Hudson, Leigh Curtis and Malcolm Q. Russell

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:12

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  45. Content type: Original research

    Few studies have addressed risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in geriatric patients. We investigated whether thrombocytopenia was a risk factor for AKI in geriatric patients with medical illnesses.

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hung-Bin Tsai, Chih-Kang Chiang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:11

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  46. Content type: Original research

    Major trauma is associated with chest injuries in nearly 50% of multiple injuries. Thoracic trauma is a relevant source of comorbidity throughout the period of multiply-injured patient care and may require swi...

    Authors: J. Bayer, R. Lefering, S. Reinhardt, J. Kühle, N. P. Südkamp and T. Hammer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:10

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  47. Content type: Review

    The medical dispatcher plays an essential role as part of the first link in the Chain of Survival, by recognising the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) during the emergency call, dispatching the appropriat...

    Authors: Søren Viereck, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Josephine Philip Rothman, Fredrik Folke and Freddy Knudsen Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:9

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  48. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the deeper and faster chest compressions suggested by the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines and complications arising from chest c...

    Authors: Jin Ho Beom, Je Sung You, Min Joung Kim, Min Kyung Seung, Yoo Seok Park, Hyun Soo Chung, Sung Phil Chung and Incheol Park

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:8

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  49. Content type: Original research

    A sudden shortage of physician resources due to overwhelming patient needs can affect the quality of care in the emergency department (ED). Developing effective response strategies remains a challenging resear...

    Authors: Kumiko Tanaka, Taka-aki Nakada, Hiroshi Fukuma, Shota Nakao, Naohisa Masunaga, Keisuke Tomita, Yosuke Matsumura, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:6

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