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  1. Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has remained low despite advances in resuscitation science. Hospital-based extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a novel use of an establis...

    Authors: Ben Singer, Joshua C. Reynolds, David J. Lockey and Ben O’Brien

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:21

    Content type: Review

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  2. The Utstein style for drowning (USFD) was published in 2003 with the aim of improving drowning research. To support a revision of the USFD, the current study aimed to generate an inventory of the use of the US...

    Authors: Allart M. Venema, Anthony R. Absalom, Ahamed H. Idris and Joost J. L. M. Bierens

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:19

    Content type: Review

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  3. Computed tomography (CT) embedded in the emergency room has gained importance in the early diagnostic phase of trauma care. In 2011, we implemented a new trauma workflow concept with a sliding CT scanner syste...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Yasushi Nakamori, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Masahiro Kawada, Hiromu Iwamura, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:17

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. Deterioration of the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a protective carbohydrate-rich layer lining the luminal surface of the endothelium, plays a key role in vascular barrier dysfunction and eventually organ-fail...

    Authors: Alexandros Rovas, Alexander-Henrik Lukasz, Hans Vink, Marc Urban, Jan Sackarnd, Hermann Pavenstädt and Philipp Kümpers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:16

    Content type: Original research

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  5. During early treatment of haemorrhagic shock maintenance of cerebral and end-organ oxygen supply by fluid resuscitation is mandatory. Gelatin-polysuccinat (GP) recently regained attention despite a still uncle...

    Authors: Alexander Ziebart, Christian Möllmann, Andreas Garcia-Bardon, Jens Kamuf, Moritz Schäfer, Rainer Thomas and Erik K. Hartmann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:15

    Content type: Original research

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  6. Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to provide advanced life support in adult trauma patients remains a controversial issue now. The study was aimed at identifying the independent predictors of ho...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Pin-Li Chou, Tzu-I Wu and Pyng-Jing Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:14

    Content type: Original research

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  7. Community First Responders (CFRs) are lay volunteers who respond to medical emergencies. We aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of CFRs in one scheme about their role.

    Authors: Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Ørner and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:13

    Content type: Original research

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  8. Acutely admitted medical patients are often fragile and in risk of future surgery. The biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a predictor of readmission and mortality in the acut...

    Authors: Jeppe Meyer, Morten Alstrup, Line J. H. Rasmussen, Martin Schultz, Steen Ladelund, Thomas H. Haupt, Jens Tingleff, Kasper Iversen and Jesper Eugen-Olsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:11

    Content type: Original research

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  9. The formation of critical care teams is a complex process where team members need to get a shared understanding of a serious situation. No previous studies have focused on how this shared understanding is achi...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Johnny Lauridsen and Mikkel Brabrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:10

    Content type: Original research

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  10. Assessment of laypersons’ Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) skills is important to ensure acquisition of effective PBLS competencies. However limited evidence exists on which PBLS skills are essential for l...

    Authors: Asbjørn Børch Hasselager, Torsten Lauritsen, Tim Kristensen, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Claus Sønderskov, Doris Østergaard and Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:9

    Content type: Original research

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  11. Predicting case types that are unlikely to be treated by paramedics can aid in managing demand for emergency ambulances by identifying cases suitable for alternative management pathways. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Kathryn Eastwood, Amee Morgans, Johannes Stoelwinder and Karen Smith

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:8

    Content type: Original research

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  12. The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) released new guidelines on resuscitation in 2015. For the first time, the guidelines included a separate chapter on first aid for laypersons. We analysed the current ma...

    Authors: Theo Walther Jensen, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Søren Viereck, Jens Roland, Thomas Egesborg Pedersen and Freddy K. Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:7

    Content type: Original research

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  13. Over the past, the severe thoracic trauma has had decisive influence on the outcome of multiple injured patients. Today, new therapies (e.g. extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), protective ventilation m...

    Authors: Michael Grubmüller, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Eva Diepold, Katharina Angerpointner, Michael Nerlich and Antonio Ernstberger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:6

    Content type: Original research

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  14. The long-term mortality of acetaminophen (APAP) poisoning has not yet been well studied; hence, we conducted this study to gain understanding of this issue.

    Authors: Hung-Sheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Shih-Feng Weng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Hung-Jung Lin and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:5

    Content type: Original research

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  15. At the University Hospital Zurich (USZ) and the Cantonal Hospital of Lucerne (LUKS) an individualized goal-directed coagulation and transfusion algorithm was introduced and implemented before 2012 (Coagulation...

    Authors: Alexander Kaserer, Mattias Casutt, Kai Sprengel, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R. Spahn and Philipp Stein

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:4

    Content type: Original research

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  16. Coagulopathy is commonly observed after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is not known whether using the standard independent predictors in conjunction with coagulation tests would improve their progno...

    Authors: Qiang Yuan, Jian Yu, Xing Wu, Yi-rui Sun, Zhi-qi Li, Zhuo-ying Du, Xue-hai Wu and Jin Hu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:3

    Content type: Original research

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  17. Little is known regarding paediatric medical emergency calls to Danish Emergency Medical Dispatch Centres (EMDC). This study aimed to investigate these calls, specifically the medical issues leading to them an...

    Authors: Kasper Andersen, Søren Mikkelsen, Gitte Jørgensen and Stine Thorhauge Zwisler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:2

    Content type: Original research

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  18. After the early implementation of Emergency Medicine (EM) 25 years ago, Iceland became the first Nordic country to nationally realize the benefits of this specialty. However, the road has been rocky as in many...

    Authors: Jón Baldursson, Hjalti Már Björnsson and Ari Palomäki

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  19. Emergency medical dispatching should be as accurate as possible in order to ensure patient safety and optimize the use of ambulance resources. This study aimed to compare the accuracy, measured as priority lev...

    Authors: Klara Torlén, Lisa Kurland, Maaret Castrén, Knut Olanders and Katarina Bohm

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:122

    Content type: Original research

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  20. With great interest, we read the study of Line Dussourd et al. concluding that ultrasonography allows better identification of anatomical structures before performing a lumbar puncture. We cannot concur with t...

    Authors: Geert-Jan van Geffen, Rein Ketelaars and Jörgen Bruhn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:121

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Coagulopathy in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with poor neurological outcomes and higher in-hospital mortality. In general principle of trauma management, hypothermia should be prevented as ...

    Authors: Toru Hifumi, Yasuhiro Kuroda, Kenya Kawakita, Susumu Yamashita, Yasutaka Oda, Kenji Dohi and Tsuyoshi Maekawa

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:120

    Content type: Original research

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  22. Prehospital personnel are at risk of occupational hearing loss due to high noise exposure. The aim of the study was to establish an overview of noise exposure during emergency responses in Mobile Emergency Car...

    Authors: Mads Christian Tofte Hansen, Jesper Hvass Schmidt, Anne C. Brøchner, Jakob Kjersgaard Johansen, Stine Zwisler and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:119

    Content type: Original research

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  23. Major incidents are characterized by a lack of resources compared to an overwhelming number of casualties, requiring a prioritization of medical treatment. Triage algorithms are an essential tool for prioritiz...

    Authors: Tobias Neidel, Nicolas Salvador and Axel R. Heller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:118

    Content type: Original research

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  24. We respond to the Tarpgaard et al. article reporting on pre-hospital endotracheal intubation (PHETI) success and complications by Danish critical care teams including critical care anaesthetists. We compare th...

    Authors: Joanna B. Watterson, Cliff Reid, Brian J. Burns and Luke Regan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:117

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2015 23:61

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:18

  25. It has not been studied what happens to patient flow to EDs and other parts of local health care system if distances to ED services are manipulated as a part of health policy in urban areas.

    Authors: Katri Mustonen, Jarmo Kantonen and Timo Kauppila

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:116

    Content type: Original research

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  26. Prioritization of acutely ill patients in the Emergency Department remains a challenge. We aimed to evaluate whether routine blood tests can predict mortality in unselected patients in an emergency department ...

    Authors: Michael Kristensen, Anne Kristine Servais Iversen, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Rebecca Østervig, Jakob Danker Linnet, Charlotte Barfod, Kai Henrik Wiborg Lange, György Sölétormos, Jakob Lundager Forberg, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Lars Simon Rasmussen, Morten Schou, Lars Køber and Kasper Iversen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:115

    Content type: Original research

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  27. Following tissue injury after trauma, the activation of innate immune pathways results in systemic inflammation, organ failure and an increased risk of infections. The objective of this study was to characteri...

    Authors: Philippe Joly, John C. Marshall, Philippe A. Tessier, Chantal Massé, Nathalie Page, Anne Julie Frenette, François Khazoom, Soazig Le Guillan, Yves Berthiaume and Emmanuel Charbonney

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:114

    Content type: Original research

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  28. The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some methodological shortcomings in a recently published article. Issues regarding missing values and overfitting are mentioned. First, Complete Case (CC) ana...

    Authors: Charlie A. Sewalt, Eveline J. A. Wiegers, Esmee Venema and Hester F. Lingsma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:113

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:83

  29. Non-operative management of splenic injuries has become the treatment of choice in hemodynamically stable patients over the last decades. The aim of the study is to describe the incidence, initial treatment an...

    Authors: Trond Dehli, Jorunn Skattum, Bjørn Christensen, Ole-Petter Vinjevoll, Bent-Åge Rolandsen, Christine Gaarder, Pål Aksel Næss and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:112

    Content type: Original research

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  30. Current data on anaphylaxis is based on retrospective and register based studies. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of anaphylaxis in a 1 year prospective study at the emergency care...

    Authors: Athamaica Ruiz Oropeza, Annmarie Lassen, Susanne Halken, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen and Charlotte G Mortz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:111

    Content type: Original research

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  31. Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is associated with a high mortality rate and the paradigm of treating patients with BTAI currently favours thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) if possible. In BTAI...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Hiromu Iwamura, Noriyuki Miyama, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:110

    Content type: Case report

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  32. High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral marke...

    Authors: Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:109

    Content type: Original research

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  33. Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a host response to infection. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) score has been recently proposed as a new bedside clinical score to identify patients with...

    Authors: Selin Tusgul, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Thierry Calandra and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:108

    Content type: Original research

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  34. International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high p...

    Authors: B. Ali Ali, R. Lefering, M. Fortun Moral and T. Belzunegui Otano

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:107

    Content type: Original research

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  35. Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often require prehospital emergency treatment. This enables patients who are less ill to be treated on-site and to avoid hospital admis...

    Authors: Katrine P. Lindvig, Anne C. Brøchner, Annmarie T. Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:106

    Content type: Original research

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  36. Intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy has been shown to increase blood pressure in hypotensive patients. The potential value of this therapy in patients with hypotension secondary to trauma with blee...

    Authors: Victor A. Convertino, Brent A. Parquette, David A. Wampler, Craig A. Manifold, David A. Lindstrom, Lori L. Boland, Nathan T. Burkhart, Keith G. Lurie and Charles J. Lick

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:105

    Content type: Original research

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  37. Laryngeal tube (LT) application by rescue personnel as an alternate airway during the early stages of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still subject of debate. We evaluated ease of handling and efficac...

    Authors: Anna Fiala, Wolfgang Lederer, Agnes Neumayr, Tamara Egger, Sabrina Neururer, Ernst Toferer, Michael Baubin and Peter Paal

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:104

    Content type: Original research

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  38. Authors: Jon Gitz Holler, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Court Pedersen and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:103

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:87

  39. Intensive care scoring systems are widely used in intensive care units (ICU) around the world for case-mix adjustment in research and benchmarking. The aim of our study was to investigate the usefulness of com...

    Authors: Marika Fallenius, Markus B. Skrifvars, Matti Reinikainen, Stepani Bendel and Rahul Raj

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:102

    Content type: Original research

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  40. Even in a landlocked country like Switzerland recreational diving is becoming more and more popular. Smaller lakes in the Alps are located at an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. The incidence of diving acci...

    Authors: Daniel Steffensmeier, Roland Albrecht, Jürg Wendling, Roger Melliger, Donat R. Spahn, Philipp Stein and Christophe Wyss

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:101

    Content type: Original research

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  41. Mortality as an endpoint has been the focus of trauma research whereas few studies investigate long-term outcomes in terms of morbidity. An adequate analysis of post-injury morbidity includes several dimension...

    Authors: Erik von Oelreich, Mikael Eriksson, Olof Brattström, Andrea Discacciati, Lovisa Strömmer, Anders Oldner and Emma Larsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:100

    Content type: Original research

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  42. Conventional coagulation tests do not provide an accurate representation of the complex nature of trauma induced coagulopathy. Thrombelastography provides a prompt global overview of all dynamic sequential asp...

    Authors: Mohamed Mohamed, Karl Majeske, Gul R. Sachwani, Kristin Kennedy, Mina Salib and Michael McCann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:99

    Content type: Original research

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  43. Overdoses from so-called “club drugs” (GHB/GBL) have become a more frequent cause of overdoses attended by ambulance services. Given its availability, affordability, and lack of awareness of risks, there is a ...

    Authors: Desiree Madah-Amiri, Lars Myrmel and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:98

    Content type: Original research

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  44. Critically ill patients need to be immediately identified, properly managed, and rapidly transported to definitive care. Extensive prehospital times may increase mortality in selected patient groups. The on-sc...

    Authors: Øyvind Østerås, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Bjørn-Christian Vikenes, Jörg Assmus and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:97

    Content type: Original research

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  45. The ‘Sepsis 6’, a care bundle of basic, but vital, measures (e.g. intravenous fluid, antibiotics) has been implemented to improve sepsis treatment. However, uptake has been variable. Tools from behavioral scie...

    Authors: Neil Roberts, Guy Hooper, Fabiana Lorencatto, Wendell Storr and Michael Spivey

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:96

    Content type: Original research

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  46. We investigated the relationship between neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest (CA) to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (CA-to-ECMO) in patients with out-of-hospita...

    Authors: Takahiro Yukawa, Masahiro Kashiura, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Takahiro Tanabe and Yuichi Hamabe

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:95

    Content type: Original research

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  47. After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hypotension, hypoxia and hypercapnia have been shown to result in secondary brain injury that can lead to increased mortality and disability. Effective prehospital assessmen...

    Authors: Toni Pakkanen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Jouni Nurmi, Ilkka Virkkunen and Arvi Yli-Hankala

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:94

    Content type: Original research

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  48. The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of str...

    Authors: Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg and Lennart Nilsson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:93

    Content type: Original research

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