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  1. For healthcare providers in the prehospital setting, bag-valve mask (BVM) ventilation could be as efficacious and safe as endotracheal intubation. To facilitate the evaluation of efficacious ventilation, capno...

    Authors: Veronica Lindström, Christer H Svensen, Patrik Meissl, Birgitta Tureson and Maaret Castrén
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:49
  2. The two major complications of atherosclerosis are acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute ischemic stroke. Both are life-threatening conditions characterised by the abrupt cessation of blood flow to respe...

    Authors: Johan Herlitz, Birgitta WireklintSundström, Angela Bång, Annika Berglund, Leif Svensson and Christian Blomstrand
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:48
  3. Non-technical skills are seen as an important contributor to reducing adverse events and improving medical management in healthcare teams. Previous research on the effectiveness of teams has suggested that sha...

    Authors: Heidi Kristina Westli, Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Jarle Eid, Ingvil Rasten and Guttorm Brattebø
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:47
  4. Our American College of Surgeons Level 1 Trauma Center serves a rural population. As a result, there is a unique set of accidents that are not present in an urban environment such as deer related motor vehicle...

    Authors: Dustin L Smoot, Martin D Zielinski, Daniel C Cullinane, Donald H Jenkins, Henry J Schiller and Mark D Sawyer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:46
  5. The use of lung ultrasound (LUS) in ICU is increasing but ultrasonographic patterns of lung are often difficult to quantify by different operators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and qualit...

    Authors: Lorenzo Tutino, Giovanni Cianchi, Francesco Barbani, Stefano Batacchi, Rita Cammelli and Adriano Peris
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:44
  6. Guidelines recommend that all health care professionals should be able to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including the use of an automated external defibrillator. Theoretical knowledge of CPR is ...

    Authors: Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Andreas Rosenblad, Jerzy Leppert, Johan Herlitz and Mats Enlund
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:43
  7. Time to first defibrillation is widely accepted to correlate closely with survival and recovery of neurological function after cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. Focused...

    Authors: John A Stewart
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:42
  8. The supraceliac aortic cross-clamping can be an option to save patients with hipovolemic shock due to abdominal trauma. However, this maneuver is associated with ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury strongly rela...

    Authors: José G Ciscato Junior, Verena K Capellini, Andrea C Celotto, Caroline F Baldo, Edwaldo E Joviliano, Paulo RB Evora, Marcelo B Dalio and Carlos E Piccinato
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:41
  9. There is a general decline in penetrating abdominal trauma throughout the western world. As a result of that, there is a significant loss of expertise in dealing with this type of injury particularly when the ...

    Authors: Tugba H Yilmaz, Brown C Ndofor, Martin D Smith and Elias Degiannis
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:40
  10. Ultrasound guidance during central line insertion has significantly reduced complications associated with this procedure and has led to it being incorporated as standard of care in many institutions. However, ...

    Authors: Lawrence M Gillman, Michael Blaivas, Jason Lord, Azzam Al-Kadi and Andrew W Kirkpatrick
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:39
  11. Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder characterized by increased capillary hyperpermeability leading to hypovolemic shock due to a markedly increased shift of fluid and protein from the in...

    Authors: Bernd Saugel, Andreas Umgelter, Friedrich Martin, Veit Phillip, Roland M Schmid and Wolfgang Huber
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:38
  12. Intraosseous infusion (IOI) is recommended when intravenous access cannot be readily established in both pediatric and adult resuscitation. We evaluated the current use of IOI in Danish emergency departments (...

    Authors: Rune Molin, Peter Hallas, Mikkel Brabrand and Thomas Andersen Schmidt
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:37
  13. We report the case of a 16 year old male who was the victim of a drive by shooting sustaining the rare but recognised complication of cardiovascular bullet embolism. He was seen as a trauma call in the emergen...

    Authors: Nicholas Greaves
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:36
  14. Gun violence is on the rise in some European countries, however most of the literature on gunshot injuries pertains to military weaponry and is difficult to apply to civilians, due to dissimilarities in wound ...

    Authors: Philipp Lichte, Reiner Oberbeck, Marcel Binnebösel, Rene Wildenauer, Hans-Christoph Pape and Philipp Kobbe
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:35
  15. Metabolic changes after major trauma have a complex underlying pathophysiology. The early posttraumatic stress response is associated with a state of hyperinflammation, with increased oxygen consumption and en...

    Authors: Philip F Stahel, Michael A Flierl and Ernest E Moore
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:34
  16. Damage of laryngeal mask airway and other supraglottic airway devices has always been a matter of concern. Although manufacturer recommends maximum 40 uses of LMA (and its congeners) but damage before 40 uses ...

    Authors: Manpreet Singh, Ritu Bharti and Dheeraj Kapoor
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:33
  17. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO) may be important components of smoke from fire accidents. Accordingly, patients admitted to hospital from fire accidents may have been exposed to both HCN and CO...

    Authors: Pia Lawson-Smith, Erik C Jansen, Linda Hilsted and Ole Hyldegaard
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:32
  18. Immediate defibrillation is the decisive determinant of prognosis in patients suffering from cardiac/circulatory arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Therefore, various national and international as...

    Authors: Christoph Hanefeld
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:31
  19. Anaesthesiologists are airway management experts, which is one of the reasons why they serve as pre-hospital emergency physicians in many countries. However, limited data are available on the actual quality an...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Hans Morten Lossius and Eldar Søreide
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:30
  20. Fluids are often given liberally after the return of spontaneous circulation. However, the optimal fluid regimen in survivors of cardiac arrest is unknown. Recent studies indicate an increased fluid requiremen...

    Authors: Bård E Heradstveit, Anne Berit Guttormsen, Jørund Langørgen, Stig-Morten Hammersborg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Rune Fanebust, Elna-Marie Larsson and Jon-Kenneth Heltne
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:29
  21. Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have been indicated as treatment for acute respiratory and/or cardiac failure. Here we describe our first year experience of in...

    Authors: Adriano Peris, Giovanni Cianchi, Simona Biondi, Manuela Bonizzoli, Andrea Pasquini, Massimo Bonacchi, Marco Ciapetti, Giovanni Zagli, Simona Bacci, Chiara Lazzeri, Pasquale Bernardo, Erminia Mascitelli, Guido Sani and Gian Franco Gensini
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:28
  22. An interpretation of the metabolic response to injury in patients with severe accidental or surgical trauma is made. In the last century, various authors attributed a meaning to the post-traumatic inflammatory...

    Authors: Maria-Angeles Aller, Jose-Ignacio Arias, Alfredo Alonso-Poza and Jaime Arias
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:27
  23. Increasing age and significant pre-existing medical conditions (PMCs) are independent risk factors associated with increased mortality after trauma. Our aim was to review all trauma deaths, identifying the cau...

    Authors: Nicholas D Clement, Carole Tennant and Cyrus Muwanga
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:26
  24. Training of lay first responder personnel situated closer to the potential victims than medical professionals is a strategy potentially capable of shortening the interval between collapse and start of cardiopu...

    Authors: Sverre Rørtveit and Eivind Meland
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:25
  25. Despite significant medical advances and improvement in overall mortality rate following burn injury, the treatment of patients with extensive burns remains a major challenge for intensivists. We present a stu...

    Authors: Vittorio Pavoni, Lara Gianesello, Laura Paparella, Laura Tadini Buoninsegni and Elisabetta Barboni
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:24
  26. Microgrants are a novel concept where small grants are used to facilitate research. The concept might have a place in developing emergency medicine research, especially in countries where emergency medicine is...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Mikkel Brabrand and Lars Folkestad
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:23
  27. Endotracheal intubation (ETI) has been considered an essential part of pre-hospital advanced life support. Pre-hospital ETI, however, is a complex intervention also for airway specialist like anaesthesiologist...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Hans Morten Lossius, Anders R Nakstad, Terje Aven and Eldar Søreide
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:22
  28. To ensure the rapid and correct triage of patients in potential need of specialized treatment, Norwegian hospitals are expected to establish trauma teams with predefined criteria for their activation. The obje...

    Authors: Kristin T Larsen, Oddvar Uleberg and Eirik Skogvoll
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:21
  29. Initiated by a clinical case of critical endotracheal tube (ETT) obstruction, we aimed to determine factors that potentially contribute to the development of endotracheal tube obstruction by its inflated cuff....

    Authors: Christian Hofstetter, Bertram Scheller, Sandra Hoegl, Martin G Mack, Bernhard Zwissler and Christian Byhahn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:18
  30. Injury severity measures are based either on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) or the International Classification of diseases (ICD). The latter is more convenient because routinely collected by clinicians fo...

    Authors: Stefano Di Bartolomeo, Silvia Tillati, Francesca Valent, Loris Zanier and Fabio Barbone
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:17
  31. Undressing the chest of a cardiac arrest victim may delay the initiation of chest compressions. Furthermore, expecting laypeople to undress the chest may increase bystander reluctance to perform cardiopulmonar...

    Authors: Rasmus B Mortensen, Christian B Høyer, Mathias K Pedersen, Peter G Brindley and Jens C Nielsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:16
  32. The inter-hospital transfer of patients is crucial to a well functioning trauma system, and the transfer process may serve as a quality indicator for regional trauma care. However, the assessment of the transf...

    Authors: Hans Morten Lossius, Thomas Kristiansen, Kjetil G Ringdal and Marius Rehn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:15
  33. Quality assessment of any trauma system involves the evaluation of the transferring patterns. This study aims to assess interfacility transfers in the absence of a formal trauma system setting and to estimate ...

    Authors: Stylianos Katsaragakis, Panagiotis G Drimousis, Eleftheria S Kleidi, Kostas Toutouzas, Eleftherios Lapidakis, Georgios Papadakis, Kritolaos Daskalakis, Andreas Larentzakis, Maria E Theodoraki and Dimitrios Theodorou
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:14
  34. We describe a system of scenario-based training using simple mannequins under realistic circumstances for the training of pre-hospital care providers.

    Authors: Per P Bredmose, Karel Habig, Gareth Davies, Gareth Grier and David J Lockey
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:13
  35. Calcium antagonist overdose can cause severe deterioration of hemodynamics unresponsible to treatment with beta adrenergic inotropes. The aim of the study was to evaluate in an experimental model the effects o...

    Authors: Jouni Kurola, Heli Leppikangas, Jarkko Magga, Leena Lindgren, Vesa Kiviniemi, Juha Rutanen and Esko Ruokonen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:12
  36. High-grade blunt renal trauma has been treated by arterial embolization (AE). However, it is unknown whether AE preserves renal function, because conventional renal function tests reflect total renal function ...

    Authors: Seiji Morita, Sadaki Inokuchi, Tomoatsu Tsuji, Tomokazu Fukushima, Shigeo Higami, Takeshi Yamagiwa and Iizuka Shinichi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:11

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