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  1. Content type: Original research

    Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is a frequent medical condition, and some patients report long-lasting problems after MTBI. In order to prevent MTBI, knowledge of the epidemiology is important and potential...

    Authors: Toril Skandsen, Cathrine Elisabeth Einarsen, Ingunn Normann, Stine Bjøralt, Rune Hatlestad Karlsen, David McDonagh, Tom Lund Nilsen, Andreas Nylenna Akslen, Asta Kristine Håberg and Anne Vik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:34

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  2. Content type: Original research

    No consensus exists in the literature on the use of uniform emergency room trauma team activation criteria (ERTTAC). Today excessive over- or undertriage rates continue to be a challenge for most trauma centre...

    Authors: Philipp Braken, Felix Amsler and Thomas Gross

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:32

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Experimental active compression-decompression (ACD) CPR is associated with increased haemodynamic outcomes compared to standard mechanical chest compressions. Since no clinically available mechanical chest com...

    Authors: Mikkel T. Steinberg, Jan-Aage Olsen, Morten Eriksen, Andres Neset, Per Andreas Norseng, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Bjarne Madsen Hardig and Lars Wik

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:31

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Trauma is a main cause of death among young adults worldwide. Patients experiencing a traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) certainly have a poor prognosis but population-based studies are sparse. Primarily to descri...

    Authors: T. Djarv, C. Axelsson, J. Herlitz, A. Stromsoe, J. Israelsson and A. Claesson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:30

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  5. Content type: Original research

    Preventing death is the most important outcome pursued in the Emergency Department. Prompt accurate assessment, followed by competent and efficient investigation and treatment is the recipe sought. Abnormal ph...

    Authors: Camilla Nørgaard Bech, Mikkel Brabrand, Søren Mikkelsen and Annmarie Lassen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:29

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Survivors of trauma are at increased risk of dying after discharge. Studies have found that age, head injury, injury severity, falls and co-morbidities predict long-term mortality. The objective of our study w...

    Authors: Ting Hway Wong, Nivedita Vikas Nadkarni, Hai V. Nguyen, Gek Hsiang Lim, David Bruce Matchar, Dennis Chuen Chai Seow, Nicolas K. K. King and Marcus Eng Hock Ong

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:28

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  7. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic spinal cord injury remains a serious public health and social problem. Although incidence rates are decreasing in our environment, it is a high cost condition that is associated with great disability...

    Authors: Enrique Bárbara-Bataller, José Luis Méndez-Suárez, Carolina Alemán-Sánchez, Jesús Sánchez-Enríquez and Manuel Sosa-Henríquez

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:27

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  8. Content type: Original research

    Hospital at home (HaH) is an alternative to acute admission for elderly patients. It is unclear if should be cared for a primarily by a hospital intern specialist or by the patient’s own general practitioner (...

    Authors: Christian Backer Mogensen, Ejnar Skytte Ankersen, Mats J. Lindberg, Stig L. Hansen, Jørgen Solgaard, Pia Therkildsen and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:26

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  9. Content type: Original research

    Triage systems are used in emergency medical services to systematically prioritize prehospital resources according to individual patient conditions. Previous studies have shown cases of preventable deaths in e...

    Authors: Kasper Bonnesen, Kristian D. Friesgaard, Morten T. Boetker and Lone Nikolajsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:25

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  10. Content type: Original research

    The interpretation of changes in injury-related mortality over time requires an understanding of changes in the incidence of the various types of injury, and adjustment for their severity. Our aim was to inves...

    Authors: Robert Larsen, Denise Bäckström, Mats Fredrikson, Ingrid Steinvall, Rolf Gedeborg and Folke Sjoberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:24

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  11. Content type: Review

    Providing sufficient oxygenation and ventilation is of paramount importance for the survival of emergency patients. Therefore, advanced airway management is one of the core tasks for every rescue team. Endotra...

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Jürgen Knapp, Oliver Kreuzer, Ludwig Ney, Giacomo Strapazzon, Volker Lischke, Roland Albrecht, Patrick Phillips and Simon Rauch

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:23

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  12. Content type: Original research

    Trauma is a leading cause of death among adults aged < 44 years, and optimal care is a challenge. Evidence supports the centralization of trauma facilities and the use multidisciplinary trauma teams. Because k...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C. Primdahl, Christian A. Frederiksen, Christian B. Laursen, Erik Sloth, Ole Mølgaard, Lars Knudsen and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:22

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  13. Content type: Review

    Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has remained low despite advances in resuscitation science. Hospital-based extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a novel use of an establis...

    Authors: Ben Singer, Joshua C. Reynolds, David J. Lockey and Ben O’Brien

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:21

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death among trauma patients. Patients under antithrombotic therapy (ATT) carry an increased risk for intracranial haematoma (ICH) formation. There is a pauc...

    Authors: Oliver Prexl, Martin Bruckbauer, Wolfgang Voelckel, Oliver Grottke, Martin Ponschab, Marc Maegele and Herbert Schöchl

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:20

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  15. Content type: Review

    The Utstein style for drowning (USFD) was published in 2003 with the aim of improving drowning research. To support a revision of the USFD, the current study aimed to generate an inventory of the use of the US...

    Authors: Allart M. Venema, Anthony R. Absalom, Ahamed H. Idris and Joost J. L. M. Bierens

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:19

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  16. Content type: Commentary

    Computed tomography (CT) embedded in the emergency room has gained importance in the early diagnostic phase of trauma care. In 2011, we implemented a new trauma workflow concept with a sliding CT scanner syste...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Yasushi Nakamori, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Masahiro Kawada, Hiromu Iwamura, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:17

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  17. Content type: Original research

    Deterioration of the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a protective carbohydrate-rich layer lining the luminal surface of the endothelium, plays a key role in vascular barrier dysfunction and eventually organ-fail...

    Authors: Alexandros Rovas, Alexander-Henrik Lukasz, Hans Vink, Marc Urban, Jan Sackarnd, Hermann Pavenstädt and Philipp Kümpers

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:16

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  18. Content type: Original research

    During early treatment of haemorrhagic shock maintenance of cerebral and end-organ oxygen supply by fluid resuscitation is mandatory. Gelatin-polysuccinat (GP) recently regained attention despite a still uncle...

    Authors: Alexander Ziebart, Christian Möllmann, Andreas Garcia-Bardon, Jens Kamuf, Moritz Schäfer, Rainer Thomas and Erik K. Hartmann

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:15

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  19. Content type: Original research

    Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to provide advanced life support in adult trauma patients remains a controversial issue now. The study was aimed at identifying the independent predictors of ho...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Pin-Li Chou, Tzu-I Wu and Pyng-Jing Lin

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:14

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Community First Responders (CFRs) are lay volunteers who respond to medical emergencies. We aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of CFRs in one scheme about their role.

    Authors: Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Ørner and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:13

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  21. Content type: Original research

    Acutely admitted medical patients are often fragile and in risk of future surgery. The biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a predictor of readmission and mortality in the acut...

    Authors: Jeppe Meyer, Morten Alstrup, Line J. H. Rasmussen, Martin Schultz, Steen Ladelund, Thomas H. Haupt, Jens Tingleff, Kasper Iversen and Jesper Eugen-Olsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:11

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  22. Content type: Original research

    The formation of critical care teams is a complex process where team members need to get a shared understanding of a serious situation. No previous studies have focused on how this shared understanding is achi...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Johnny Lauridsen and Mikkel Brabrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:10

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  23. Content type: Original research

    Assessment of laypersons’ Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) skills is important to ensure acquisition of effective PBLS competencies. However limited evidence exists on which PBLS skills are essential for l...

    Authors: Asbjørn Børch Hasselager, Torsten Lauritsen, Tim Kristensen, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Claus Sønderskov, Doris Østergaard and Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:9

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  24. Content type: Original research

    Predicting case types that are unlikely to be treated by paramedics can aid in managing demand for emergency ambulances by identifying cases suitable for alternative management pathways. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Kathryn Eastwood, Amee Morgans, Johannes Stoelwinder and Karen Smith

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:8

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  25. Content type: Original research

    The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) released new guidelines on resuscitation in 2015. For the first time, the guidelines included a separate chapter on first aid for laypersons. We analysed the current ma...

    Authors: Theo Walther Jensen, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Søren Viereck, Jens Roland, Thomas Egesborg Pedersen and Freddy K. Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:7

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  26. Content type: Original research

    Over the past, the severe thoracic trauma has had decisive influence on the outcome of multiple injured patients. Today, new therapies (e.g. extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), protective ventilation m...

    Authors: Michael Grubmüller, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Eva Diepold, Katharina Angerpointner, Michael Nerlich and Antonio Ernstberger

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:6

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  27. Content type: Original research

    The long-term mortality of acetaminophen (APAP) poisoning has not yet been well studied; hence, we conducted this study to gain understanding of this issue.

    Authors: Hung-Sheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Shih-Feng Weng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Hung-Jung Lin and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:5

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  28. Content type: Original research

    At the University Hospital Zurich (USZ) and the Cantonal Hospital of Lucerne (LUKS) an individualized goal-directed coagulation and transfusion algorithm was introduced and implemented before 2012 (Coagulation...

    Authors: Alexander Kaserer, Mattias Casutt, Kai Sprengel, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R. Spahn and Philipp Stein

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:4

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  29. Content type: Original research

    Coagulopathy is commonly observed after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is not known whether using the standard independent predictors in conjunction with coagulation tests would improve their progno...

    Authors: Qiang Yuan, Jian Yu, Xing Wu, Yi-rui Sun, Zhi-qi Li, Zhuo-ying Du, Xue-hai Wu and Jin Hu

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:3

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  30. Content type: Original research

    Little is known regarding paediatric medical emergency calls to Danish Emergency Medical Dispatch Centres (EMDC). This study aimed to investigate these calls, specifically the medical issues leading to them an...

    Authors: Kasper Andersen, Søren Mikkelsen, Gitte Jørgensen and Stine Thorhauge Zwisler

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:2

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  31. Content type: Commentary

    After the early implementation of Emergency Medicine (EM) 25 years ago, Iceland became the first Nordic country to nationally realize the benefits of this specialty. However, the road has been rocky as in many...

    Authors: Jón Baldursson, Hjalti Már Björnsson and Ari Palomäki

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:1

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  32. Content type: Original research

    Emergency medical dispatching should be as accurate as possible in order to ensure patient safety and optimize the use of ambulance resources. This study aimed to compare the accuracy, measured as priority lev...

    Authors: Klara Torlén, Lisa Kurland, Maaret Castrén, Knut Olanders and Katarina Bohm

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:122

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  33. Content type: Commentary

    With great interest, we read the study of Line Dussourd et al. concluding that ultrasonography allows better identification of anatomical structures before performing a lumbar puncture. We cannot concur with t...

    Authors: Geert-Jan van Geffen, Rein Ketelaars and Jörgen Bruhn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:121

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  34. Content type: Original research

    Coagulopathy in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with poor neurological outcomes and higher in-hospital mortality. In general principle of trauma management, hypothermia should be prevented as ...

    Authors: Toru Hifumi, Yasuhiro Kuroda, Kenya Kawakita, Susumu Yamashita, Yasutaka Oda, Kenji Dohi and Tsuyoshi Maekawa

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:120

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  35. Content type: Original research

    Prehospital personnel are at risk of occupational hearing loss due to high noise exposure. The aim of the study was to establish an overview of noise exposure during emergency responses in Mobile Emergency Car...

    Authors: Mads Christian Tofte Hansen, Jesper Hvass Schmidt, Anne C. Brøchner, Jakob Kjersgaard Johansen, Stine Zwisler and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:119

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  36. Content type: Original research

    Major incidents are characterized by a lack of resources compared to an overwhelming number of casualties, requiring a prioritization of medical treatment. Triage algorithms are an essential tool for prioritiz...

    Authors: Tobias Neidel, Nicolas Salvador and Axel R. Heller

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:118

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  37. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    We respond to the Tarpgaard et al. article reporting on pre-hospital endotracheal intubation (PHETI) success and complications by Danish critical care teams including critical care anaesthetists. We compare th...

    Authors: Joanna B. Watterson, Cliff Reid, Brian J. Burns and Luke Regan

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:117

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2015 23:61

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:18

  38. Content type: Original research

    It has not been studied what happens to patient flow to EDs and other parts of local health care system if distances to ED services are manipulated as a part of health policy in urban areas.

    Authors: Katri Mustonen, Jarmo Kantonen and Timo Kauppila

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:116

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  39. Content type: Original research

    Prioritization of acutely ill patients in the Emergency Department remains a challenge. We aimed to evaluate whether routine blood tests can predict mortality in unselected patients in an emergency department ...

    Authors: Michael Kristensen, Anne Kristine Servais Iversen, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Rebecca Østervig, Jakob Danker Linnet, Charlotte Barfod, Kai Henrik Wiborg Lange, György Sölétormos, Jakob Lundager Forberg, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Lars Simon Rasmussen, Morten Schou, Lars Køber and Kasper Iversen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:115

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  40. Content type: Original research

    Following tissue injury after trauma, the activation of innate immune pathways results in systemic inflammation, organ failure and an increased risk of infections. The objective of this study was to characteri...

    Authors: Philippe Joly, John C. Marshall, Philippe A. Tessier, Chantal Massé, Nathalie Page, Anne Julie Frenette, François Khazoom, Soazig Le Guillan, Yves Berthiaume and Emmanuel Charbonney

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:114

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  41. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to report some methodological shortcomings in a recently published article. Issues regarding missing values and overfitting are mentioned. First, Complete Case (CC) ana...

    Authors: Charlie A. Sewalt, Eveline J. A. Wiegers, Esmee Venema and Hester F. Lingsma

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:113

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    The original article was published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:83

  42. Content type: Original research

    Non-operative management of splenic injuries has become the treatment of choice in hemodynamically stable patients over the last decades. The aim of the study is to describe the incidence, initial treatment an...

    Authors: Trond Dehli, Jorunn Skattum, Bjørn Christensen, Ole-Petter Vinjevoll, Bent-Åge Rolandsen, Christine Gaarder, Pål Aksel Næss and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:112

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  43. Content type: Original research

    Current data on anaphylaxis is based on retrospective and register based studies. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of anaphylaxis in a 1 year prospective study at the emergency care...

    Authors: Athamaica Ruiz Oropeza, Annmarie Lassen, Susanne Halken, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen and Charlotte G Mortz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:111

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is associated with a high mortality rate and the paradigm of treating patients with BTAI currently favours thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) if possible. In BTAI...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Hiromu Iwamura, Noriyuki Miyama, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:110

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  45. Content type: Original research

    High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral marke...

    Authors: Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:109

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  46. Content type: Original research

    Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a host response to infection. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) score has been recently proposed as a new bedside clinical score to identify patients with...

    Authors: Selin Tusgul, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Thierry Calandra and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:108

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  47. Content type: Original research

    International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high p...

    Authors: B. Ali Ali, R. Lefering, M. Fortun Moral and T. Belzunegui Otano

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:107

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  48. Content type: Original research

    Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often require prehospital emergency treatment. This enables patients who are less ill to be treated on-site and to avoid hospital admis...

    Authors: Katrine P. Lindvig, Anne C. Brøchner, Annmarie T. Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:106

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