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Table 2 Group comparison intubation performance

From: Re-creating reality: validation of fresh frozen full cadaver airway training with videolaryngoscopy and bougie FIRST strategy

  NOVICES group
n = 60
HEMS group
n = 60
p-value
Unaided direct laryngoscopy (OLD, uDL)
 uDL FPSR (n, %) 48 (80.0%) 50 (83.3%) .638
 uDl C&L grade (n, median, IQR) 2 (1–2) 2 (1–2) .158
 uDL POGO-Score (%, median, IQR) 61.3 (30.0–100.0) 80.0 (50.0–100.0) .104
 uDL time intubation (s, median, IQR) 22.0 (16.0–34.6) 21.0 (12.3–32.6) .339
Augmented direct laryngoscopy (aDL)
 aDL FPSR (n, %) 56 (93.3%) 57 (95.0%) .698
 aDL C&L grade (n, median, IQR) 2 (1–2) 1 (1–2) .119
 aDL POGO-score (%, median, IQR) 80.0 (80.0–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) .003
 aDL time intubation (s, median, IQR) 32.0 (25.0–41.5) 26.0 (19.3–34.8)  < .001
Augmented videolaryngoscopy (aVL)
 aVL FPSR (n, %) 59 (98.3%) 60 (100.0%) .317
 aVL C&L grade (n, median, IQR) 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2) .842
 aVL POGO-Score (%, median, IQR) 100.0 (90.0–100.0) 100.0 (90.0–100.0) .626
 aVL time intubation (s, median, IQR) 32.0 (24.25–40.0) 24.0 (19.3–30.0)  < .001
Augmented videolaryngoscopy with self-positioning (CONTROL)
 CONTROL FPSR (n, %) 60 (100.0%) 60 (100.0%) 1.000
 CONTROL C&L grade (%, median, IQR) 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2) .593
 CONTROL POGO-Score (%, median, IQR) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 100.0 (80.0–100.0) .427
 CONTROL time intubation (s, median, IQR) 30.5 (27.0–44.8) 34.0 (28.3–47.5) .370
  1. FPS, first pass success; C&L, Cormack & Lehane grade; POGO score, percentage of glottis opening