Skip to main content

Table 1 Definitions of training methodologies employed to train participants

From: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training strategies in the times of COVID-19: a systematic literature review comparing different training methodologies

Terminology Definition
Alternative CPR Training CPR teaching methodologies including non-standard face to face, hybrid, and online CPR training
Flipped CPR learning CPR training in which participants watch short pre-recorded videos followed by hands-on practice with an instructor
Flowchart-supplemented CPR Training Provision of a flowchart prior to beginning resuscitation attempts
Hybrid CPR Training CPR training using a combination of face to face and online teaching methodologies. The examples include Kiosk session, interactive computer training plus instructor-led training, and video learning followed by hands-on CPR training.
Jigsaw Model CPR Training Division of the intervention group randomly into a chest compression and a ventilation group
Kiosk Session Features a touch screen with a video program that gives a brief “how-to” followed by a practice session and a CPR test
Multistaged Approach A three-staged approach comprising of a bronze (50 compressions only), silver (50 compressions: 5 breaths), and a gold (conventional CPR) stage
Non-standard Face to Face CPR Training Face to face CPR training conducted without using an expert instructor-led teaching methodology or standard CPR training material. The examples include simplified (hands only) CPR training, peer-based CPR training, jigsaw model CPR training, flowchart-supplemented CPR training, and multistage CPR training.
Online CPR Training Digital CPR training using video self-instruction, interactive computerized module, voice advisory mannequin feedback, or virtual reality
Peer-based CPR Training Training received by a group of participants who have been instructed by professional instructors in advance
Simplified (hands only) CPR Training Simplifying the learning of CPR by focusing on continuous chest compressions with simple hand placement
Standard CPR Training An instructor-led CPR training conducted in a classroom setting
Virtual Reality CPR Training CPR training in a simulated environment using smartphones, headphones, and virtual reality goggles with the mobile App providing feedback
Voice Advisory Mannequin Feedback Training An immediate, standardized, and corrective audio feedback training without presence of an instructor