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Table 2 Associations between triage priority levels and major outcomes among pediatric emergency patients expressed as odds ratio (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs*)

From: A validity study of the rapid emergency Triage and treatment system for children

  All patients (n = 6368) Medicine (n = 4727) Surgerya (n = 1209)
  Hospitalizedb (n = 3087) Hospitalizedb (n = 2171) Hospitalizedb (n = 717)
  N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI)
Green 382 (12) ref. 261 (12) ref. 90 (13) ref.
Yellow 1046 (34) 1.7 (1.5–2.0) 660 (30) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 328 (46) 2.3 (1.7–3.1)
Orange 1254 (41) 3.0 (2.6–3.5) 881 (41) 2.8 (2.4–3.4) 274 (38) 3.1 (2.3–4.3)
Red 405 (13) 5.0 (4.1–6.2) 369 (17) 5.1(4.1–6.5) 25 (3.5) 6.2 (2.7–14.3)
P-trend   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
  Long hospital stayc,d (n = 1453) Long hospital stayc,d (n = 1095) Long hospital stayc,d (n = 237)
Green 138 (10) ref. 107 (10) ref. 16 (7) ref.
Yellow 424 (29) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 287 (26) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 101 (43) 2.0 (1.4–2.7)
Orange 647 (45) 2.6 (2.2–3.0) 470 (43) 2.5 (2.1–3.0) 113 (48) 2.4 (1.7–3.3)
Red 561 (17) 4.2 (3.4–5.3) 231 (21) 4.5 (3.6–5.8) 7 (3) 7.5 (2.5–22.1)
P-trend   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
  Referral to PICUe,f (n = 106) Referral to PICUe,f (n = 92) Referral to PICUe,f (n = 13)
Green 3 (3) ref. 1 (1) ref. 2 (15) ref.
Yellow 15 (14) 2.4 (0.7–8.3) 13 (14) 6.5 (0.8–50.0) 2 (15) 0.5 (0.1–3.4)
Orange 43 (41) 8.1 (2.5–26.3) 35 (38) 19.7 (2.7–144.0) 7 (54) 2.2 (0.5–10.4)
Red 45 (43) 33.8 (10.5–109.2) 43 (47) 75.3 (10.3–548.5) 2 (15) 8.0 (1.1–58.7)
P-trend   < 0.001   < 0.001   0.02
  1. aSurgery = general surgery and neurosurgery, bMissing = 19, cdefined as hospital time (hours) > mean, dMissing = 381, ePICU Pediatric intensive care unit, fMissing = 19, *data is adjusted for age (continuous variable)