Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical outcomes of the matched study groups (n = 10.828 patients)

From: Impact of blunt chest trauma on outcome after traumatic brain injury– a matched-pair analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU®

Outcome variableGroup 1 TBI onlyGroup 2 TBI + Chest traumap
Number of patients per group54145414 
Results presented as mean / median (SD)
 Duration of mechanical ventilation (days)4.2 / 1 (8.2)5.9 / 1 (9.4)< 0.001
 ICU length of stay (days)7.7 / 3 (10.7)10.1 / 5 (11.7)< 0.001
 Hospital length of stay (days)14.8 / 11 (14.4)17.7 / 14 (15.1)< 0.001
Results presented as number of patients (% per group)
 PRBC transfusion required172 (3.2)351 (6.5)< 0.001
Neurological outcome of survivors (Glasgow Outcome Scale)
 Death (GOS = 1)1077 (19.9)1186 (21.9)0.010
 Persistent vegetative state (GOS = 2)159 (2.9)193 (3.6)0.066
 Severe disability (GOS = 3)538 (9.9)634 (11.7)0.003
 Moderate disability (GOS = 4)1096 (20.2)1233 (22.8)0.001
 Good recovery (GOS = 5)2544 (47.0)2168 (40.0)< 0.001
  1. PRBC Packed red blood cells, ED Emergency department
  2. AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale, GOS Glasgow Outcome Scale