Skip to main content

Table 4 Consultation and intoxication characteristics of intubated and non-intubated alcohol-intoxicated patients with GCS < 9 but without clinical traumatic brain injury, n = 145

From: Intubation in acute alcohol intoxications at the emergency department

 Total (n = 145)Intubation (n = 35)No Intubation (n = 110)p
Sex, [n (%)]
 Male94(64.8)22(62.9)72(65.5)0.779
Age, median (IQR)]35.0(22–48)41.0(25–48)32.0(22–47)0.235
Type of admission, [n (%)]
 Ambulance114(79.2)24(70.6)90(81.8) 
 External Hospital6(4.2)5(14.7)1(0.9) 
 Police1(0.7)0(0.0)1(0.9) 
 Air Rescue7(4.9)5(14.7)2(1.8) 
 Walk-In16(11.1)0(0.0)16(14.5)< 0.001
Triage, [n (%)]
 Life-threatening37(25.5)21(60.0)16(14.5) 
 Urgent conditions68(46.9)10(28.6)58(52.7) 
 Semi-urgent conditions31(21.4)2(5.7)29(26.4) 
 Non-urgent conditions2(1.4)0(0.0)2(1.8) 
 Missing7(4.8)2(5.7)5(4.5)< 0.001
GCS, [median (IQR)]6.0(3–8)3.0(3–6)6.5(5–8)< 0.001
Primary shock room use, [n (%)]55(37.9)32(91.4)23(20.9)< 0.001
Mixed intoxication, [n (%)]67(46.2)20(57.1)47(42.7)0.136
Medical mixed intoxication, [n (%)]42(29.0)16(45.7)26(23.6)0.012
Illicit drug mixed intoxication, [n (%)]37(25.5)8(22.9)29(26.4)0.679
Blood alcohol concentration, g/kg, [median (IQR)]a1.6(1.2–2.2)1.3(0.8–2.4)1.6(1.3–2.2)0.048
Trauma (but no evidence of traumatic brain injury), [n (%)]19(13.1)9(25.7)10(9.1)0.011
Chronic alcohol consumption, [n (%)]35(24.1)4(11.4)31(28.2)0.044
Suicidal intent, [n (%)]12(8.3)8(22.9)4(3.6)< 0.001
Fracture, [n (%)]11(7.6)8(22.9)3(2.7)< 0.001
Bleeding, [n (%)]1(0.7)0(0.0)1(0.9)0.571
Cerebral bleeding (spontaneous), [n (%)]1(0.7)0(0.0)1(0.9)0.571
Superficial wound, [n (%)]5(3.4)3(8.6)2(1.8)0.057
Contusion, [n (%)]5(3.4)2(5.7)3(2.7)0.399
Luxation, [n (%)]1(0.7)1(2.9)0(0.0)0.075
Aggression, [n (%)]8(5.5)1(2.9)7(6.4)0.429
Psychiatrist involvement, [n (%)]17(11.7)0(0.0)17(15.5)0.013
Sutures, [n (%)]6(4.1)2(5.7)4(3.6)0.591
Police attendance, [n (%)]18(12.4)3(8.6)15(13.6)0.429
Emergency surgery, [n (%)]3(2.1)2(5.7)1(0.9)0.082
Hospital admission, [n (%)]58(40.0)34(97.1)24(21.8)< 0.001
  1. adata available in 90.3% (n = 131) of the patients