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Table 4 The final version of the disaster resilience tool for healthcare rescuers after a two-round Delphi survey

From: Developing a tool for measuring the disaster resilience of healthcare rescuers: a modified Delphi study

Domains Items
Optimism 1. I think that difficulties are everywhere during and after rescue work. (R)
2. I tend to think that problems confronted before, during, and after deployment will be solved.
3. I know that I will bounce back and get better no matter how the difficult the situation is, with help from others.
Altruism 4. I have a desire to help the victims / survivors after a disaster has occurred.
5. I am honored to work in the frontline to offer my help to those who are affected by disaster.
6. I feel that it is a personal responsibility to help others after disasters.
Preparations for disaster rescue 7. I am certain of my safety and that of my family while I am deployed.
8. I have sufficient knowledge to assess disaster risks, and have disaster rescue skills such as medical rescue skills, knowledge of Psychological First Aid (PFA), ethical rules, and field survival skills.
9. I am emotionally well-prepared for disaster rescue.
10. I feel physically unprepared for the disaster relief. (R)
Social support 11. My family will provide me with strong support during and after my disaster relief work.
12. Co-workers will help me to overcome challenges in the disaster site.
13. I have some close friends who will provide me with much encouragement.
14. My work unit will provide support to my family, and to me if necessary, when I work in disaster sites.
Perceived control 15. How things go during and after deployment will depend on my own actions.
16. I can handle various situations at a disaster site.
17. I can remain calm during a disaster rescue.
Self-efficacy 18. I feel confident that my clinical skills (will be) are of good use for disaster work.
19. I can cope well with unexpected problems during disaster rescues.
20. I am a competent rescue worker.
Coping strategies 21. I always try to find ways to address problems during disaster events.
22. When a victim’s / survivor’s life is threatened, I lose my temper and blame others. (R)
23. I am willing to express my emotions to others if I am upset.
Positive growth 24. I have gained insight about life from the rescue work.
25. I tend to see rescue work as a challenge after deployment.
26. I find meaning from my deployment.
27. After returning from deployment to a disaster site, I have a more harmonious family life.
  1. Note: R reversed description