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Table 2 Overview of transport concepts for secondary missions for COVID-19 patients

From: Transport of COVID-19 and other highly contagious patients by helicopter and fixed-wing air ambulance: a narrative review and experience of the Swiss air rescue Rega

GermanyGerman Armed ForcesFixed-wing (A310 MedEvac and A400M): ventilated patients and non-ventilated patients/stretchers in the A310 MedEvac; open cabin, medical crew wearing PPE
DRF Air RescueHelicopter (H145): only ventilated patients, medical crew wearing PPE; soon closed PIU (EpiShuttle®)
ADACHelicopter (H145): only ventilated patients, medical crew wearing PPE
SwitzerlandREGAFixed-wing (CL650): Rega PIU
Helicopter (H145, AW109): medical crew wearing PPE, Rega PIU
Air Zermatt
Air Glacier
Helicopter (Bell 429): medical crew wearing PPE
AustriaÖAMTCOnly ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
ItalySouth Tyrol
Tuscany Pegaso 1–3
Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Helicopter (AW 169) medical crew wearing PPE
France Preferentially ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Spain Preferentially ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
United Kingdom Preferentially ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Poland Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Hungary Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Romania Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Slovakia Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Czech Republic Only ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
NorwayNorwegian Air AmbulanceHelicopter (H145 and AW 139): closed PIU (EpiShuttle®)
Royal Norwegian Air ForceHelicopter (Sea King and Bell 412): closed PIU (EpiShuttle®)
Sweden Preferentially ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Denmark Preferentially ground-based transportation of confirmed cases
Netherlands Helicopter (H145): medical crew wearing PPE
  1. PIU patient isolation unit, PPE personal protective equipment