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Table 2 Association between each field triage criterion and risk of an ISS > 15, mortality, or admission to intensive care, respectively, in univariate analysis

From: Correlation between field triage criteria and the injury severity score of trauma patients in a French inclusive regional trauma system

Field triage criteria N = 2764a Evaluation criterion, OR (95% CI)
ISS > 15 30-day mortality Admission to ICU
GCS score < 13 252 7.9 (5.6–11.2) 17.2 (10.2–29) 8.5 (5.6–12.9)   
SBP < 90 mmHg 105 4.1 (2.6–6.5) 3 (1.7–5.2) 4.3 (2.5–7.3)   
Oxygen saturation < 90% 63 4.5 (2.5–8.3) 9.4 (5.3–16.5) 3.3 (1.8–6.3)   
Ejection from vehicle 112 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 0.9 (0.4–1.9) 1.4 (0.9–2.1)   
Death of another passenger 31 1.5 (0.7–3) 0.8 (0.2–3.4) 3.2 (1.3–7.8)   
Fall > 6 m 228 1.3 (1–1.8) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)   
Victim thrown or run over 253 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 1.1 (0.7–1.9) 1.4 (1.02–1.8)   
Global assessment (speed or vehicle deformation) 701 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 1 (0.8–1.2)   
Blast 3 0.6 (0.1–6.6) NC 0.4 (0.03–4.1)   
Penetrating trauma 88 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 3.2 (1.8–5.7) 1 (0.7–1.6)   
Flail chest 48 9 (3.8–21.4) 2.1 (0.9–4.8) 3.4 (1.6–7)   
Severe burn 4 1.2 (0.2–8.5) 3.9 (0.4–38) NC   
Pelvis fracture 72 1.6 (1.01–2.6) 0.9 (0.3–2.2) 2 (1.2–3.4)   
Spinal cord injury 137 2.5 (1.7–3.6) 3 (1.8–5) 2.7 (1.8–4.1)   
Amputation 17 2.9 (1.02–8.3) 2.6 (0.7–9) 3.5 (1.01–12.3)   
Acute limb ischemia 17 1.7 (0.7–4.6) 0.7 (0.1–5.5) 1.4 (0.5–3.7)   
Mechanical ventilation 197 8.9 (6–13.4) 13.8 (8.6–22.1) 19.1 (10–36.5)   
Total fluid resuscitation > 1000 mL 70 8 (4–15.8) 2.9 (1.5–5.6) 5.5 (2.7–11.1)   
Catecholamine administration 106 10.2 (5.7–18.5) 10.4 (6.4–16.9) 14.5 (6.3–33.4)   
Age > 65 years 192 2 (1.5–2.8) 4.7 (3–7.3) 1.5 (1.1–2.1)   
Heart failure 29 1.3 (0.6–2.7) 2.5 (0.9–6.7) 1.4 (0.7–3.1)   
Respiratory failure 4 1.2 (0.2–8.5) NC 0.7 (0.1–5.3)   
Pregnancy 4 1.2 (0.2–8.5) NC 0.3 (0.03–2.4)   
Anticoagulant use or bleeding disorders 31 1.3 (0.6–2.6) 3.6 (1.5–8.6) 1.4 (0.7–2.9)   
  1. GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, ISS Injury Severity Score, OR Odds Ratio, NC Not Calculable
  2. aN = total number of triage criteria recorded within the study population (n = 1151)