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Table 8 Logistic regression analysis of <24h mortality, in-hospital mortality and ICU admission on gender and other covariates in trauma patients (ISS≥16) aged 16- to 40-years

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

  Early (<24h) mortality In-hospital mortality ICU admission
Variable OR 95% CI P- value OR 95% CI P- value OR 95% CI P- value
Male Gender 1.498 0.903-2.484 0.117 1.224 0.847-1.767 0.282 1.057 0.810-1.379 0.682
Blunt MOI 2.377 1.425-3.964 0.001 3.196 2.055-4.968 <0.0001    
ISS
 16-24 REF REF 0.009 REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001a
 25-50 2.234 1.314-3.798 0.003 3.408 2.217-5.239 <0.0001 2.256 1.754-2.902 <0.0001
 51-75 2.610 1.168-5.834 0.019 6.834 3.404-13.722 <0.0001 1.432 0.628-3.265 0.393
Prehospital intubation 3.304 2.109-5.176 <0.0001 2.376 1.700-3.322 <0.0001 0.576 0.430-0.773 <0.0001
SBP ≤89 mmHg at ED 7.482 4.645-12.052 <0.0001 4.278 2.780-6.583 <0.0001 0.302 0.188-0.485 <0.0001
GCS ≤8 at ED 15.046 7.050-32.111 <0.0001 14.074 7.740-25.593 <0.0001 2.828 1.969-4.063 <0.0001
RTS≤12 at ED     0.842 0.436-1.625 0.608 4.390 3.089-6.238 <0.0001
AIS Head ≥ 3     0.495 0.328-0.747 0.001    
AIS Thorax ≥ 3 1.676 1.107-2.537 0.015 1.520 1.100-2.101 0.011 0.532 0.418-0.678 <0.0001
AIS Abdomen ≥ 3 0.589 0.365-0.949 0.030 0.593 0.399-0.881 0.010 0.527 0.382-0.729 <0.0001
Admission at ED, year
 2004-2006 0.768 0.190-3.098 0.711 1.101 0.425-2.852 0.843 0.711 0.371-1.362 0.304
 2007-2009 3.543 1.957-6.414 <0.0001 2.790 1.788-4.355 <0.0001 0.863 0.606-1.230 0.415
 2010-2012 1.522 0.848-2.732 0.160 1.749 1.145-2.674 0.010 0.473 0.352-0.635 <0.0001
 2013-2014 REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001a
  1. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CI, Confidence Interval; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MOI, Mechanism of Injury; OR, Odds ratio; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; RTS, Revised Trauma Score
  2. a P – value represents the overall significance across the categories