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Table 6 Logistic regression analysis of 24h mortality, in-hospital mortality and ICU admission on gender and other covariates in trauma patients (ISS≥16) aged 16-44-years

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

  24h mortality In-hospital mortality ICU admission
Variable OR 95% CI P- value OR 95% CI P- value OR 95% CI P- value
Male Gender 0.939 0.567-1.554 0.806 1.158 0.827-1.621 0.393 0.982 0.799-1.208 0.867
Blunt MOI 0.231 0.107-0.498 <0.0001 0.327 0.215-0.497 <0.0001 1.563 0.927-2.638 0.094
ISS
 16-24 REF   <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a
 25-50 6.546 3.447-12.432 <0.0001 3.769 2.527-5.621 <0.0001 3.463 2.769-4.332 <0.0001
 51-75 8.090 2.153-30.399 0.002 7.858 4.105-15.041 <0.0001 9.550 4.370-20.868 <0.0001
Prehospital intubation     2.305 1.687-3.149 <0.0001 1.262 1.000-1.593 0.050
SBP ≤89 mmHg at ED 4.173 2.186-7.965 <0.0001 4.638 3.096-6.949 <0.0001 1.807 1.233-2.647 0.002
GCS ≤8 at ED 4.251 2.200-8.215 <0.0001 13.266 7.688-22.890 <0.0001 4.434 3.365-5.844 <0.0001
RTS≤12 at ED 3.293 1.340-8.094 0.009 0.868 0.476-1.585 0.646 1.615 1.167-2.234 0.004
AIS Head ≥ 3 1.795 0.978-3.296 0.059 2.189 1.491-3.215 <0.0001    
AIS Thorax ≥ 3 0.603 0.363-1.004 0.052 0.601 0.446-0.812 0.001 0.569 0.453-0.714 <0.0001
AIS Abdomen ≥ 3     1.565 1.076-2.276 0.019 1.532 1.006-2.333 0.047
Admission at ED, year
 2004-2006     1.247 0.524-2.968 0.617    
 2007-2009     2.489 1.654-3.746 <0.0001    
 2010-2012     1.775 1.209-2.605 0.003    
 2013-2014     REF   <0.0001a    
  1. a P – value represents the overall significance across the categories
  2. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CI, Confidence Interval; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MOI, Mechanism of Injury; OR, Odds ratio; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; RTS, Revised Trauma Score