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Table 4 QoL and PTSD at follow-up: Characteristics of trauma patients, injury and outcome upon hospital discharge

From: Quality of life and level of post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma patients: A comparative study between a regional and a university hospital

  Included for analysis
n
PTSD
Proportions (CI)
n = 101
Low EQ
Proportions (CI)
n = 108
Total 455 0.22 (0.18–0.26) 0.24 (0.20–0.28)
Hospital trauma level    
University trauma centre 235 0.23 (0.17–0.28) 0.26 (0.20–0.32)
Regional trauma centre 220 0.22 (0.17–0.28) 0.21 (0.16–0.27)
Sex
 Male 309 0.20 (0.16–0.25) 0.24 (0.19–0.29)
 Female 146 0.26 (0.19–0.34) 0.24 (0.17–0.32)
Age at trauma - Grouped
 16–39 years 192 0.22 (0.17–0.29) 0.20 (0.14–0.26)
 40–59 years 166 0.23 (0.17–0.31) 0.28 (0.21–0.35)
 60+ years 97 0.20 (0.12–0.29) 0.25 (0.17–0.35)
Other characteristics
NISS
 NISS< 15, n 316 0.23 (0.19–0.28) 0.21 (0.16–0.25)
 NISS> 15, n 139 0.19 (0.13–0.27) 0.31 (0.24–0.40)
 Traffica 258 0.21 (0.16–0.27) 0.22 (0.17–0.28)
 ICUa 71 0.23 (0.13–0.34) 0.34 (0.23–0.46)
Glasgow Outcome Scalea
 GOS 3 37 0.22 (0.10–0.38) 0.38 (0.22–0.55)
 GOS 4 97 0.24 (0.16–0.33) 0.29 (0.20–0.39)
 GOS 5 280 0.21 (0.16–0.26) 0.18 (0.14–0.23)
  1. CI: 95% confidence interval
  2. PTSD by PCL score according to DSM-IV and a PCL summarized score ≥ 37
  3. QoL Quality of life
  4. Low EQ Trauma patients with EQ value lower than the 2.275 percentile (2 SD below), Danish population specific by age and sex group
  5. an not 455, due to missing data
  6. ICU Intensive care unit stay > 2 days
  7. GOS 3 severe disability, GOS 4 moderate disability, GOS 5 good recovery