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Table 2 Predictors of 1-year and 3-year Mortality

From: One-year and three-year mortality prediction in adult major blunt trauma survivors: a National Retrospective Cohort Analysis

  1-year Mortality 3-year Mortality
Univariate Multivariable Univariate Multivariable
Odds Ratio [95% Conf. Interval] P-value Odds Ratio [95% Conf. Interval] P-value Odds Ratio [95% Conf. Interval] P-value Odds Ratio [95% Conf. Interval] P-value
Age 1.07 1.06–1.09 < 0.001 1.06 1.05–1.07 < 0.001 1.08 1.07–1.09 < 0.001 1.06 1.05–1.08 < 0.001
Male 0.63 0.44–0.89 < 0.01 1.53 1.12–2.10 < 0.01 0.48 0.38–0.60 < 0.001 1.26 1.01–1.57 0.04
ISS 1.02 1.00–1.05 0.05     1.00 0.99–1.02 0.73    
NISS 1.02 1.00–1.03 0.02     1.00 0.99–1.02 0.39    
Polytrauma 0.46 0.26–0.83 < 0.01     0.57 0.40–0.82 < 0.01    
RTS 0.86 0.70–1.05 0.13     0.91 0.78–1.06 0.22    
Head and Neck AIS ≥3 3.04 1.95–4.73 < 0.001 1.79 1.13–2.84 0.01 2.00 1.54–2.60 < 0.001    
Thorax AIS ≥3 0.30 0.18–0.51 < 0.001     0.37 0.27–0.51 < 0.001    
Abdomen AIS ≥3 0.27 0.10–0.75 0.01     0.55 0.33–0.89 0.02    
Extremity AIS ≥3 0.68 0.41–1.14 0.09     0.94 0.69–1.28 0.69    
Low fall 10.96 6.37–18.86 < 0.001 3.48 2.06–5.87 < 0.001 7.60 5.63–10.26 < 0.001 2.35 1.43–3.88 < 0.01
Non-Low Fall 0.30 0.12–0.74 < 0.01     0.38 0.23–0.64 < 0.001    
Motor vehicle 0.11 0.01–0.76 0.03     0.12 0.04–0.38 < 0.001    
Motorcycle 0.03 0.00–0.18 < 0.001     0.06 0.03–0.13 < 0.001    
Pedestrian 0.19 0.03–1.41 0.11     0.39 0.15–0.97 0.04    
CCI 21 4.96 3.08–8.01 < 0.001 2.26 1.38–3.70 < 0.01 3.93 2.66–5.78 < 0.001 1.77 1.14–2.74 0.01
CCI > =31 7.85 4.36–14.15 < 0.001 3.36 1.98–5.69 < 0.001 7.66 4.53–12.95 < 0.001 3.53 2.39–5.22 < 0.001
Diabetes mellitus 1.91 1.28–2.85 < 0.01 1.31 1.68–2.52 0.04 2.05 1.55–2.71 < 0.001 1.30 1.05–1.60 0.02
Cancer 4.59 2.54–8.26 < 0.001 1.76 0.94–3.32 0.08 2.91 1.74–4.75 < 0.001    
Blood transfusion 0.24 0.08–1.77 0.02     0.35 0.19–0.66 < 0.01    
Orthopedic Operation 0.26 0.14–0.47 < 0.001     0.28 0.19–0.41 < 0.001    
Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances 2.00 0.98–4.12 0.06     1.47 0.84–2.60 0.18    
Hospitalization > = 30 days 1.89 1.27–2.80 < 0.01 1.99 1.02–3.86 0.04 1.70 1.28–2.25 < 0.001 1.89 1.04–3.42 0.04
  1. 1Ref: Charlson Comorbidity Index of 0–1