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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics

From: Admission rates in a general practitioner-based versus a hospital specialist based, hospital-at-home model: ACCESS, an open-labelled randomised clinical trial of effectiveness

  Community model (n = 67) Hospital model (n = 64) P value
Men 23 (34%) 24 (38%) 0.72
Age (years) 83 (77–88) 84 (77–89) 0.48
Residence 0.76
 Own home alone 38 (61%) 32 (63%)  
 Own home with spouse 22 (36%) 16 (31%)  
 Sheltered housing 2 (3%) 3 (6%)  
Home care 0.22
 No home care 15 (22%) 11 (17%)  
 Home care 44 (66%) 38 (59%)  
 No information 8 (12%) 15 (23%)  
Reason for referral (1)
 Acute exacerbation of COPD 11 (17%) 7 (11%) 0.45
 Dehydration 11 (17%) 18 (28%) 0.14
 Delirium 5 (8%) 4 (6%) 1.0
 Fever 6 (9%) 3 (5%) 1.0
 Pneumonia 20 (30%) 13 (20%) 0.23
 UTI 6 (9%) 10 (16%) 0.30
 Other 29 (44%) 27 (42%) 0.86
Triage 0.99
 Green (not urgent) 34 (54%) 28 (55%)  
 Yellow (standard) 16 (25%) 14 (27%)  
 Orange (urgent) 10 (16%) 7 (14%)  
 Red (very urgent) 3 (5%) 2 (4%)  
Function tests
 DEMMI (n = 50 /41) 40 (27–53) 39 (24–57) 0.77
 OMC (n = 50/41) 20 (11–24) 20 (14–24) 0.71
 CTS (n = 50/41) 0 (0–5) 0 (0–5) 0.76
 GST (n = 50/41) 13 (6–24) 16 (4–24) 0.58
Quality of life
 EQ5D (n = 55/45) 0.59 (0.45–0.65 0.54 (0.36–0.66) 0.32
  1. Data are n (%) or median (IQR). COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, UTI urinary tract infection, DEMMI de Morton Mobility Index, OMC orientation-memory-concentration test. CST 30-s. chair stand test, GST Grip strength test (1) more than one reason possible