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Table 1 Demographics, trauma scores and injury pattern

From: Severe thoracic trauma – still an independent predictor for death in multiple injured patients?

  Total n = 529 STT AIS Thorax ≥3 n = 317 MTT AIS Thorax <3 n = 212 P-value
Demographics and Trauma scores:
- Male (n / %) 388 / 73.3 237 / 74.8 151 / 71.2 0.211
- Age (years ± SD) 44.8 (± 21.1) 43.9 (± 20.7) 46.1 (± 21.6) 0.260
- ISS ( ± SD) 30.0 (± 11.7) 33.5 (± 12.8) 24.7 (± 7.1) <0.001
- NISS ( ± SD) 37.0 (± 15.0) 39.2 (± 14.9) 33.9 (± 14.7) <0.001
- RISC II ( ± SD) 18.9 (± 27.8) 20.0 (± 29.0) 17.1 (± 25.8) 0.241
- Prehospital GCS ( ± SD) 10.6 (± 4.6) 10.5 (± 4.7) 10.7 (± 4.4) 0.817
Concomitant injuries:
- AIS Head ≥3 (n / %) 304 / 57.5 153 / 48.3 151 / 71.2 <0.001
- AIS Abdomen ≥3 (n / %) 106 / 20.0 78 / 24.6 28 / 13.2 <0.001
- AIS Extremities ≥3 (n / %) 227 / 42.9 138 / 43.5 89 / 42.0 0.396
- AIS Extremities ≥2 (n / %) 384 / 72.6 246 / 77.6 138 / 65.1 0.001
- Number of diagnoses ( ± SD) 8.7 (± 4.0) 9.5 (± 4.0) 7.5 (± 3.7) <0.001
- Number of surgeries ( ± SD) 5.4 (± 5.7) 5.8 (± 6.2) 4.7 (± 4.8) 0.021
Trauma mechanism:
- Motor vehicle accident (n / %) 286 / 54.1 190 / 59.9 96 / 45.3 0.001
- Bicycle / Pedestrian (n / %) 67 / 12.7 37 / 11.7 30 / 14.2 0.239
- Falls <3 m (n / %) 64 / 12.1 24 / 7.6 40 / 18.9 <0.001
- Falls >3 m (n / %) 76 / 14.4 47 / 14.8 29 / 13.7 0.407
- Other (n / %) 36 / 6.8 19 / 6.0 17 / 8.0 0.231