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Table 3 Sensitivity of clinical tools to predict clinical outcomes

From: Low sensitivity of qSOFA, SIRS criteria and sepsis definition to identify infected patients at risk of complication in the prehospital setting and at the emergency department triage

  ICU admission ICU stay ≥ 3 days Mortality at 48 h
Prehospital setting (%;IQR)
 qSOFA score ≥ 2 36.3 (26.6–47.2) 17.4 (9.1–30.7) 68.0 (48.4–82.8)
 SIRS criteria 68.8 (57.9–77.9) 74.6 (62.2–84) 64.0 (44.5–79.8)
 Sepsis definition 50 (39.3–60.7) 54.2 (41.7–66.3) 52.0 (33.5–70)
ED’s triage (%;IQR)
 qSOFA score ≥ 2 31.2 (22.2–42.1) 30.5 (20.3–43.2) 60.0 (40.7–76.6)
 SIRS criteria 58.8 (47.8–68.9) 57.6 (44.9–69.4) 80.0 (60.9–91.1)
 Sepsis definition 42.5 (32.3–53.4) 42.4 (30.6–55.1%) 60.0 (40.7–76.6)
  1. Data are presented as percentages and interquartile range (IQR)
  2. qSOFA score: ≥2 items: RR ≥22/min; SBP ≤100 mmHg; GCS <15 or decline from baseline. SIRS criteria: ≥2 items: RR >20/min, HR >90/min, temperature ≥ 38.3 °C or <36 °C. Sepsis definition: SIRS criteria plus one of the following item: SBP <90 mmHG, GCS <15 or decline from baseline, oxygen saturation < 90%
  3. ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit