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Table 2 Characteristics systematic reviews (n = 2)

From: A patient-safety and professional perspective on non-conveyance in ambulance care: a systematic review

1st author (year) country Aim Databases Selection criteria Included articles
Mikolaizak (2013) Australia [26] To summarize the evidence in relation to (1) non-conveyance rates, (2) outcomes following non-conveyance, and (3) outcomes from alternative care pathways for non-conveyed older people who have fallen 1. Medline
2. Embase
3. CINAHL
4.PsycINFO
5.Cochrane Library
6. Web of Science
1. Peer-reviewed articles
2. Original data relating to non-transport rates for older people who have fallen
3. Outcomes on falls or outcomes for alternate care pathways for non-transported people who have fallen
12 articles: 2 randomized controlled trials, 5 prospective cohort studies, 4 retrospective cohort studies and 1 historical cohort trial.
Snooks (2004b) UK [10] 1. To describe outcomes of non-conveyed patients
2. To describe triage ability of crews
3. To assess effectiveness and safety of protocols that allow crews to convey patients to alternative receiving units or to self-care
1. Medline
2. BIDS
3.Healthplan
4. Helmis
Articles on paramedics trained with extra skills to perform tasks beyond their baseline competencies 31 articles: 13 retrospective observational studies, 8 prospective observational studies, 6 cross-sectional studies, 3 case studies and 1 quasi-experimental study