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Table 2 NPS cases characteristics

From: Presentations to an urban emergency department in Bern, Switzerland associated with acute recreational drug toxicity

NPS self-reported Age/ gender NPS dose self-reported Co-ingestion alcohol Clinical presentation Treatment Tox. laboratory analysis Outcome
Methylone 32/ female 1 - 1.5 g cumulative during 6.5 h yes Palpitations, fear, agitation, sweating, tremor, vertigo, paraesthesias, muscle twitching, vomiting 1 mg sublingual lorazepam
10 mg i.v. metoclopramide
intravenous fluid administration
Negative (immunoassay) Discharged home the same day
2C-B 19/ male 25 mg yes Severe hallucinations, mydriasis, tachycardia, agitation, confusion benzodiazepines
4 mg i.v. haloperidol
2C-P (liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry) Discharged home 11 h later