Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 30-day mortality, reduced work ability, and time on social transfer payments for patients admitted to a stroke unit

From: The impact of a physician-staffed helicopter on outcome in patients admitted to a stroke unit: a prospective observational study

  Number of persons under observation in each group (GEMS/HEMS) GEMS, n (%) HEMS, n (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusteda, b, cOR (95% CI) P value
30-day mortality ( n=1068) 916/152 68 (7.4) 12 (7.9) 1.07 (0.56–2.03) 0.84 1.02 (0.53–1.96)a 0.96
 Patients diagnosed with stroke (n = 702) 587/115 58 (9.9) 12 (10.4) 1.06 (0.55–2.05) 0.86 0.78 (0.37–1.65)b 0.51
 Patients who underwent thrombolysis (n = 388) 330/58 19 (5.8) 3 (5.2) 0.89 (0.26–3.12) 0.86 0.59 (0.12–2.84)c 0.51
 Directly referred patients who underwent thrombolysis (n = 332) 277/55 15 (5.4) 3 (5.5) 1.01 (0.28–3.61) 0.99 0.64 (0.13–3.19)c 0.53
Reduced work ability 2 years after admission to the stroke unit
 Patients diagnosed with stroke (n = 101) 89/12 36 (40.5) 5 (41.7) 1.05 (0.31–3.57) 0.94 0.96 (0.25–3.71)b 0.95
 Directly referred patients who underwent thrombolysis (n = 44) 37/7 17 (46.0) 1 (14.3) 0.20 (0.02–1.79) 0.15 0.16 (0.01–3.38)c 0.24
Over 50% of time on social transfer payments during the 2 years following admission to the stroke unit
 Patients diagnosed with stroke (n = 101) 89/12 40 (44.9) 6 (50.0) 1.23 (0.37–4.09) 0.74 1.13 (0.30–4.31)b 0.85
 Directly referred patients who underwent thrombolysis (n = 44) 37/7 18 (48.7) 2 (28.6) 0.42 (0.07–2.46) 0.34 0.36 (0.03–4.77)b 0.44
  1. GEMS ground emergency medical services, HEMS helicopter emergency medical services, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, NIHSS National Institute of Health Stroke Scale. Co-morbidity was defined as having at least one of the following conditions: diabetes, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, previous myocardial infarction, previous stroke
  2. aAdjusted for sex (male/female) and age (quadratic)
  3. bAdjusted for sex (male/female), age (quadratic), and co-morbidity (yes/no
  4. cAdjusted for sex (male/female), age (quadratic), co-morbidity (yes/no), and NIHSS (continuous)