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Table 3 Subgroup analysis of complications before and after the change in the 2010 guideline

From: Investigation of complications secondary to chest compressions before and after the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guideline changes by using multi-detector computed tomography: a retrospective study

  Pre-2010 Post-2010 p-value Pre-2010 Post-2010 p-value
Variable Male    Female   
Rib fracture 12 (57.1) 71 (79.8) 0.06 15 (68.2) 41 (77.4) 0.59
Multiple rib fracture 11 (52.4) 63 (70.8) 0.21 14 (63.6) 39 (73.6) 0.39
Sternum fracture 6 (28.6) 26 (29.2) >0.99 7 (31.8) 12 (22.6) 0.59
Hematoma 0 (0) 5 (5.6) 0.60 0 (0) 8 (15.1) 0.13
Serious complication 0 (0) 4 (4.5) >0.99 0 (0) 5 (9.4) 0.31
  OHCA    IHCA   
Rib fracture 19 (70.4) 78 (84.8) 0.16 8 (50.0) 34 (68.0) 0.32
Multiple rib fracture 18 (66.7) 70 (76.1) 0.48 7 (43.7) 32 (64.0) 0.15
Sternum fracture 11 (40.7) 28 (30.4) 0.44 2 (12.5) 10 (20.0) 0.76
Hematoma 0 (0) 8 (8.7) 0.20 0 (0) 5 (10.0) 0.33
Serious complication 0 (0) 7 (7.6) 0.35 0 (0) 2 (4.0) >0.99
  Age < 65 y    Age ≥ 65 y   
Rib fracture 8 (38.1) 40 (64.5) 0.03 19 (86.4) 72 (90.0) 0.63
Multiple rib fracture 7 (33.3) 34 (54.8) 0.17 18 (81.8) 68 (85.0) 0.72
Sternum fracture 3 (14.3) 14 (22.6) 0.42 10 (45.4) 24 (30.0) 0.17
Hematoma 0 (0) 6 (9.7) 0.33 0 (0) 7 (8.7) 0.34
Serious complication 0 (0) 2 (3.2) >0.99 0 (0) 7 (8.7) 0.34
  1. Data are presented as n (%)
  2. OHCA out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, IHCA in-hospital cardiac arrest