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Table 5 Descriptive characteristics for the different EMS systems reporting results for the studies included

From: Recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during emergency calls — a systematic review of observational studies

Author, year of publication DA-CPR provided Decision tool Medical dispatchers’ educational background Medical dispatchers’ training
[26] Yes MPDS N/A N/A
[7] Yes Local protocol Health care personnel Emergency call/dispatching
[23] Yes AMPDS N/A N/A
[27] Yes CBD Health care personnel Annual education (40 h), regular evaluations
[22] N/A MPDS Non-Health care personnel Emergency call/dispatching
[19] N/A AMPDS Health care personnel trained in system status management and certified Emergency Medical Dispatcher
[21] Yes CBD Health care personnel Emergency call/dispatching
[21] Yes MPDS N/A Certified/qualified medical dispatcher
[29] Yes Local protocol N/A Emergency call/dispatching (1.5 years)
[30] Yes Local protocol N/A N/A
[6] Yes Local protocol N/A Emergency medical training (32 h), annual education, regular evaluations
[14] Yes Local protocol Health care personnel Emergency call/dispatching (32 h)
[25] Yes CBD N/A Emergency medical training (228 h), additional training (892 h)
[15] N/A None Health care personnel N/A
[28] Yes Local protocol N/A N/A
[24] Yes Local protocol Non-Health care personnel Unspecified training (6 weeks)
  1. EMS: Emergency medical services, US: United States, NO: Norway, DA-CPR: Dispatcher assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CBD: Criteria Based Dispatch, (A)MPDS: (Advanced) Medical Priority Dispatch, N/A: Not available