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Table 4 Subanalysis of metaphyseal tibia fractures comparing fracture management, demographic factors, patient risk factors and postoperative complications

From: Complications after surgical management of distal lower leg fractures

Fracture Entity Fracture management Gender Age Patient’s risk factor Postoperative complication
Pilon tibial fracture pre-definite fracture fixation with Ext Fix Plate ORIF IMN male female   Alcohol dependency Diabetes mellitus Peripheral arterial disease Wound infection Compartment syndrome Non-union
 open type I 0 1 0 1 0 56       1
 open type II 4 4 0 2 2 50 (41–57)     1   
 open type III 0 0 0 0 0 0       
 closed type I 11 10 0 7 4 51 (16–85) 2    3   1
 closed type II 3 4 0 2 2 56 (49–54)       
 closed type III 0 0 0 0 0 0       
no soft tissue documentation 7 12 0 10 2 41 (23–73) 1      
n = 32       Ø 53       
Metaphyseal distal tibial fracture  
 open type I 2 0 1 1 1 65 (59–70) 1   1 1   
 open type II 0 0 0 0 0        
 open type III 1 0 1 0 1 56     1 0 1
 closed type I 5 6 0 4 4 54 (45–65) 2    1   1
 closed type II 6 5 2 1 6 51 (21–72)   2   3 1 1
 closed type III 0 0 0 0 0 0       
no soft tissue documentation 3 2 2 4 0 46 (28–56) 4    1   1
n = 22       Ø 52       
significance between groups unpaired t-Test   p = 0.8755 p = 0.1288 p = 0.4132 p = 0.3573 p = 0.5463