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Table 3 Emergency procedures for a total of 324 trauma patients admitted with activation of the trauma team or ISS > 15* at the University Hospital of North Norway Tromsø during 2013–2014. One patient can receive more than one procedure, both in the local hospital and in the trauma center

From: Evaluation of a trauma team activation protocol revision: a prospective cohort study

Emergency procedure Number of patients receiving a procedure among all patients (percentage of patients), n = 324 Number of patients receiving a procedure at the local hospital before transfer, n = 74 Number of undertriaged patients (no TTA** and ISS > 15) receiving a procedure, n = 37
Endotracheal intubation 57 (17 %) 27 -
Damage control thoracotomy 2 (0.6 %) - -
Damage control laparotomy 12 (3.7 %) 4 -
Extraperitoneal pelvic packing 1 (0.3 %) - -
Revascularization of an extremity - - -
Intervention radiology 8 (2.5 %) - 2
Craniotomy 26 (8.0 %) - 8
insertion of intracranial pressure bolt 19 (5.9 %) - 4
chest tube insertion 26 (8.0 %) 13 2
external fracture stabilization 7 (2.2 %) 2 2
Other procedures to stabilize airways, respiration or circulation 11 (3.4 %) - -
Sum of all patients with an emergency procedures 92 46 14
  1. *ISS: Injury Severity Score, ISS > 15: seriously injured patient, **TTA: trauma team activation