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Table 4 Diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema

From: Prehospital lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a pilot study

  Sensitivity (95 % CI) Specificity (95 % CI) PPVa (95 % CI) NPVb (95 % CI) PLRc (95 % CI) NLRd (95 % CI)
Clinical assessment 77.8 % (52.4–93.6 %) 81.8 % (59.7–94.8 %) 77.8 % (52.4–93.6 %) 81.8 % (59.7–94.8 %) 4.28 (1.7–10.7) 0.272 (0.112–0.659)
PLUS 94.4 % (72.7–99.9 %) 77.3 % (54.6–92.2 %) 77.3 % (54.6–92.2 %) 94.4 % (72.7–99.9 %) 4.16 (1.91–9.05) 0.072 (0.011–0.49)
  1. a PPV positive predictive value
  2. b NPV negative predictive value
  3. c PLR positive likelihood ratio
  4. d NLR negative likelihood ratio