Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General demographics, characteristics of injury and key features of volume management and their respective change per year

From: Prehospital volume resuscitation - Did evidence defeat the crystalloid dogma? An analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU® 2002–2012

   All patients Value 2002 Value 2012 Change per year p-value
Demographics Age (years; mean (min-max)) 47.0 (43.8–50.3) 43.8 50.3 0.83 <0.001
Male (%; mean (min-max)) 72.9 (71.9–74.3) 73.4 71.9 −0.2 0.11
Injury assessment Penetrating trauma (%; mean (min-max)) 4.2 (3.5–5.6) 4.2 4.2 −0.1 0.08
AIS Head ≥3 points (%; mean (min-max)) 56.0 (53.0–59.9) 55.4 53.0 −0.3 0.01
AIS Thorax ≥3 points (%; mean (min-max)) 58.9 (54.0–61.1) 59.8 59.9 −0.1 0.15
AIS Abdomen ≥3 points (%; mean (min-max)) 19.6 (17.3–25.4) 25.4 17.3 −0.9 <0.001
ISS (points; mean (min-max)) 28.9 (28.3–29.6) 28.6 28.3 −0.08 0.003
NISS (points; mean (min-max)) 35.1 (33.4–36.2) 33.6 34.6 0.04 0.001
Volume administration Total prehospital volume (ml; mean (min-max)) 1282 (1039–1790) 1790 1039 −73.7 <0.001
Prehospital crystalloid fluids (ml; mean (min-max)) 931 (1156–837) 1156 849 −30.6 <0.001
Prehospital colloid fluids (ml; mean (min-max)) 317 (169–574) 574 169 −39.3 <0.001
Prehospital hyperoncotic fluids (ml; mean (min-max)) 34.2 (20.0–59.6) 59.6 20.0 −3.5 <0.001
Total volume at ED (ml; mean (min-max)) 2030 (1345–3191) 3191 1416 −222 <0.001
Blood products RBC units/patient, all (n; mean (min-max)) 2.1 (1.6–3.8) 3.8 1.6 −0.21 <0.001
RBC units/patient, if transfused (n; mean (min-max)) 8.1 (9.8–7.4) 9.8 7.6 −0.22 <0.001
Patients with ≥1 RBC (%; mean (min-max)) 26.0 (18.1–38.7) 38.7 20.6 −2.0 <0.001
Patients receiving MT (%; mean (min-max)) 7.1 (4.8–13.4) 13.4 5.2 −0.8 <0.001