Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients

From: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for uncontrolled haemorrahgic shock as an adjunct to haemostatic procedures in the acute care setting

Variables Trauma (n = 16) Non-trauma (n = 9) Total (n = 25)
Age (y), median (IQR) 72 (39–82) 69 (63–72) 69 (45–80)
Male, n (%) 6 (38) 9 (100)* 15 (75)
Shock index, median (IQR) 1.4 (1.1–1.5) 1.6 (1.0–2.1) 1.4 (1.1–1.16)
Injury severity score, median (IQR) 41 (33–49) - -
Glasgow-Blatchford score, median (IQR) - - -
Systolic blood pressure before REBOA (mmHg), median (IQR) 78 (67–87) 64 (61–77) 71 (62–87)
Base excess (mmol/L), median (IQR) -9.0 (-18.7–-6.3) -11.5 (-14.6–-9.2) -9.4 (-15.1–-6.4)
pH, median (IQR) 7.33 (7.25–7.41) 7.30 (7.23–7.38) 7.32 (7.23–7.39)
Lactate (mg/dL), median (IQR) 4.3 (3.2–9.0) 6.3 (5.6–11.0) 5.7 (3.7–11.0)
Prothrombin time (%), median (IQR) 64.5 (46.5–79.5) 67.0 (51.0–7.30) 67.0 (48.0–77.0)
Activated partial thromboplastin time (sec), median (IQR) 56.3 (41.4–75.9) 39.3 (35.3–64.5) 53.4 (38.2–75.7)
Insertion at the ER, n (%) 16 (100) 6 (67) 22 (88)
Failed REBOA, n (%) 3 (19) 0 3 (12)
Total occlusion time of REBOA (min), median (IQR) 65 (57–99) 55 (50–95) 61 (51–98)
PRBC transfusion within 24 h (mL), median (IQR) 1540 (840–2590) 1960 (1400–2800) -
FFP transfusion within 24 h (mL), median (IQR) 720 (360–1440) 900 (720–1440) -
Outcomes, n (%)    
 Died at the ER 5 (31) 0 5 (20)
 Died within 24 h 4 (25) 1 (11) 5 (20)
 Died within 2 months 1 (6) 2 (22) 3 (12)
  1. IQR interquartile range, APACHE acute physiology and chronic health evaluation, ER emergency room, ICU intensive care unit and REBOA resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta; * p < 0.05 vs. trauma group