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Table 1 Salivary alpha-amylase (U/ml) and cortisol levels (nmol/l) at each assessment timepoint

From: Cortisol and alpha-amylase as stress response indicators during pre-hospital emergency medicine training with repetitive high-fidelity simulation and scenarios with standardized patients

Time-point Amylase activity Cortisol concentration
[U/ml] Concentration [nmol/l] P-value for decrease versus time-point 3
1 38.0 ± 40.7 13.3 ± 7.5 NC
2 51.3 ± 47.2 11.9 ± 6.5 NC
3 54.8 ± 46.3 12.5 ± 6.5 NC
4 35.8 ± 29.0 11.6 ± 5.9 0,0758
5 54.2 ± 45.4 10.8 ± 5.6 0.0134
6 35.2 ± 29.5 9.8 ± 5.0 0.0003
7 52.4 ± 47.4 8.4 ± 4.3 <0.0001
8 41.6 ± 36.2 7.2 ± 3.6 <0.0001
9 60.7 ± 47.2 7.2 ± 3.5 <0.0001
10 33.9 ± 28.4 6.5 ± 3.0 <0.0001
11 51.5 ± 41.4 5.9 ± 2.4 <0.0001
12 44.9 ± 39.5 5.9 ± 3.2 <0.0001
13 61.1 ± 65.5 6.7 ± 3.9 <0.0001
14 58.6 ± 46.5 5.0 ± 2.1 <0.0001
  1. NC, not calculated; NS, not significant.
  2. Data are mean ± standard deviation. Results of post-hoc-analysis comparing cortisol levels at different timepoints are also shown.