Skip to main content

Table 4 Characteristics of patients with high depression, anxiety and stress levels at baseline, 3 and 6 months

From: Incidence of depression, anxiety and stress following traumatic injury: a longitudinal study

Characteristics Baseline DASS-21 Baseline DASS-21 Stat 3 month DASS-21 3 month DASS-21 Stat 6 month DASS-21 6 month DASS-21 Stat
  Moderate and above any subscale Normal or mild any subscale   Moderate and above any subscale Normal or mild any subscale   Moderate and above any subscale Normal or mild any subscale  
No. participants 114 87   50 73   28 81  
Mean age (yrs)^ (SD) [Range] 50 (18) [18–89] 48 (18) [17–94] p = 0.32 48 (17) [20–88] 52 (16) [21–94] p = 0.20 50 (17) [20–82] 53 (16) [23–94] p = 0.36
Gender*          
Female 34 (29.8%) 17 (19.5%) p = 0.97 15 (30%) 16 (21.9%) p = 0.31 8 (28.6%) 19 (23.5%) p = 0.59
Male 80 (70.2%) 70 (80.5%)   35 (70%) 57 (78.1%)   20 (71.4%) 62 (76.5%)  
Injury Severity Score (ISS) median (IQR)+ 8 (4–14) 9 (5–14) p = 0.62 9 (5–17) 8 (5–13) p = 0.37 9.5 (4–21.5) 9 (5–13) p = 0.55
Polytrauma*          
Yes 77 (67.5%) 66 (75.9%) p = 0.20 40 (80%) 52 (71.2%) p = 0.27 16 (57.1%) 64 (79%) p = 0.02
No 37 (32.5%) 21 (24.1%)   10 (20%) 21 (28.8%)   12 (42.9%) 17 (21%)  
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission*          
Yes 13 (11.4%) 6 (6.9%) p = 0.28 9 (18%) 4 (5.5%) p = 0.03 6 (21.4%) 6 (7.4%) p = 0.04
No 101 (88.6%) 81 (93.1%)   41 (82%) 69 (94.5%)   22 (78.6%) 75 (92.6%)  
Injury mechanism*          
Fall > 1 metre 32 (28.1%) 24 (27.6%) p = 0.18 14 (28%) 18 (24.7%) p = 0.08 9 (32.1%) 21 (25.9%) p = 0.27
MVC driver 31 (27.2%) 13 (14.9%)   10 (20%) 16 (21.9%)   8 (28.6%) 16 (19.8%)  
MBC rider 17 (14.9%) 15 (17.2%)   9 (18%) 12 (16.4%)   6 (21.4%) 14 (17.3%)  
Pedal cyclist 8 (7%) 15 (17.2%)   3 (6%) 16 (21.9%)   0 (0%) 15 (18.5%)  
Violence 4 (3.5%) 19 (21.8%)   5 (10%) 0 (0%)   2 (7.1%) 2 (2.5%)  
Pedestrian 5 (4.4%) 6 (6.9%)   3 (6%) 1 (1.4%)   0 (0%) 3 (3.7%)  
MVC passenger 3 (2.6%) 5 (5.7%)   2 (4%) 1 (1.4%)   1 (3.6%) 2 (2.5%)  
Industrial 5 (4.4%) 3 (3.4%)   1 (2%) 5 (6.8%)   2 (7.1%) 3 (3.7%)  
MBC passenger 4 (3.5%) 0 (0%)   1 (2%) 1 (1.4%)   0 (0%) 2 (2.5%)  
Penetrating 2 (1.8%) 1 (1.1%)   1 (2%) 1 (1.4%)   0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
Other 3 (2.6%) 2 (2.3%)   1 (2%) 2 (2.7%)   0 (0%) 3 (3.7%)  
  1. *Chi-Square test +Mann–Whitney U test ^t-test.