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Table 5 Factors predicting a higher posttraumatic stress score multivariate/adjusted

From: Exposure and posttraumatic stress symptoms among first responders working in proximity to the terror sites in Norway on July 22, 2011 – a cross-sectional study

  Ambulance personnel Police officers Fire-fighters
  β 95% CI t p value β 95% CI t p value Beta 95% CI t p value
Witnessing injured/dead no/yes 2.5 0.7-4.3 2.8 < .05*         
Overwhelmed (1-5)      1.2 0.4-2.0 3.1 < .05*     
Dissociation (1-5) 4.2 2.8-5.7 5.8 < .05* 1.6 0.1-3.1 2.1 < .05* 5.1 2.4-7.7 3.8 < .001**
  1. Note. Linear regression analysis, stepwise CI: confidence interval. *p < .05, **p < .001.