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Table 4 Management of Hemorrhagic Complications on venovenous extracorporeal life support

From: Venovenous extracorporeal life support for posttraumatic respiratory distress syndrome in adults: the risk of major hemorrhages

Case Clinical presentations (Hours after ECLS initiation) Hemorrhagic site Intervention on ECLS (Outcome)
1 Hemorrhaging from the open fracture wound of sternum (2) Fractured sternum Sternotomy (Survived)
2 Anisocoria (61) Multiple intracranial hemorrhages Craniotomy (Survived)
3 Abdominal compartment syndrome (IAP * > 30 cm H2O) (12) The conservatively-treated liver laceration Peritoneal drainage (Survived)
4 Anisocoria (71) Intraventricular hemorrhage No (Survived)
6 Hemorrhaging from the decompressive laparotomy (12) The packed liver laceration Laparotomy (Dead)
Anisocoria (40) Multiple Intracranial hemorrhages.
9 Hemorrhaging from the decompressive laparotomy (4) The packed liver laceration No (Dead)
15 Hemorrhaging from the chest tube (15) The decorticated lung Thoracotomy (Dead)
  1. *IAP: Intra-abdominal pressure.