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Table 4 Odds ratios and relative risk of the differences between decedents and survivors

From: Mortality in severely injured elderly patients: a retrospective analysis of a German level 1 trauma center (2002–2011)

Variable Odds ratio (95% CI) Relative risk (95% CI) p value
ISS > 25 6.77 (2.62 – 17.45) 3.60 (1.76 – 7.40) < 0.001
GCS < 9 4.53 (1.97 – 10.40) 1.98 (1.30 – 3.02) < 0.001
AIS Head > 3 2.77 (1.12 – 6.88) 1.29 (1.01 – 1.63) = 0.025
Hb < 12 g/dl 2.65 (1.19 – 5.91) 1.45 (1.05 – 2.01) = 0.016
PTT > 32.4 sec 3.62 (1.13 – 11.57) 2.67 (1.06 – 6.73) = 0.025
Prothrombin ratio < 70% 2.39 (1.02 – 5.55) 1.69 (1.00 – 2.88) = 0.042
Lactate > 2.2 mmol/l 2.07 (0.59 – 7.29) 1.65 (0.68 – 4.03) = 0.253
  1. ISS, Injury Severity Score; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale; Hb, Hemoglobin; PTT, Partial Thromboplastin time.