Evaluating prehospital trauma care in Stockholm from a gender perspective
© Rubenson Wahlin et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 7 July 2014
Trauma is a common cause of death and permanent disability. With efficient and competent prehospital care many trauma-related deaths might be prevented. It is unknown whether gender influences the prehospital trauma care provided. However, research in other fields of emergency medicine, e.g. cardiovascular and intensive care has shown that women receive inferior care.
The aim was to investigate whether there are gender differences in the prehospital care given to severely injured adult trauma patients in the Stockholm area.
Observational retrospective study based on a trauma registry and ambulance records. The study group consisted of 305 trauma patients, of which 230 were men (75.4%), and 75 were women (24.6%). Included were all adult (>15 years of age) trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)>15 transported to Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm between January 1st and December 31st, 2008.
The background variables age, injury mechanism, ISS, and 30-day mortality were comparable between genders. There were no statistically significant gender differences in airway management, administration of oxygen, fluids, analgesics, and stabilization of neck and spine. Neither did on-scene time nor total prehospital time significantly differ between genders.
This study indicates that there are no significant gender differences in the prehospital care given to severely injured adult trauma patients in the Stockholm area during 2008.
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