Skip to main content

Volume 21 Supplement 1

London Trauma Conference 2012

Animal laboratory training improves lung ultrasound proficiency and speed


Although lung ultrasound (US) is accurate in diagnosing pneumothorax (PTX), the training requirements and methods necessary to perform US examinations must be defined.

Study objective

To test whether animal laboratory training (ALT) improves the diagnostic competency and speed of PTX detection with US.


Twenty medical students without US experience attended a 1-day course. Didactic, practical and experimental lectures covered basic of US physics, US machines and lung US, followed by hands-on training to demonstrate the signs of normal lung sliding and PTX. Each student’s diagnostic skill level was tested with three subsequent examinations (day 1, day 2 and a 6-month follow-up) using experimentally induced PTX in porcine models. The outcome measures were sensitivity and specificity for US detection of PTX, self-reported diagnostic confidence and scan time.


The students improved their skills between the initial two examinations: sensitivity from 81.7% (69.1-90.1) to 100.0% (94.3-100.0), and specificity from 90.0% (82.0-94.8) to 98.9% (92.3-100.0); these improvements were sustained 6 months later. There was a significant positive learning curve in choosing the correct answers (p=0.018), a 1-point increase in the self-reported diagnostic confidence (7.8 to 8.8 on a 10-point scale; p<0.05) and a 1-minute reduction in the mean scan time per lung (p<0.05).


Without previous experience and after undergoing training in an animal laboratory, medical students improved their diagnostic proficiency and speed for PTX detection with US. Lung US is a basic technique with a steep learning curve and may be used by multiple medical specialties to accurately diagnose PTX.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Oveland, N., Lossius, H., Aagaard, R. et al. Animal laboratory training improves lung ultrasound proficiency and speed. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 21 (Suppl 1), S5 (2013).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: